66 years Tomsk tram
• 66 years Tomsk tram
May Day 1949 long remembered Tomich, this happened not because of processions and celebrations, and by the fact that in this day decided one of the most pressing urban problems - appeared in Tomsk last urban transport. Of course, before that there were buses, but their number is small beat, they worked irregularly, often broke and were always crowded, but the appearance of the tram on the streets helped Tomsk citizens comfortably move around the beloved city.
In the Tomsk tram has just four days of birth: November 7, 1948 - the day the city was the first car, 25 April 1949 - the beginning of the running line, May 1, 1949 - the beginning of the transport of passengers. We should also highlight the April 28, for some reason, this date is separately allocated depot workers, the question is why can not answer even the veterans.
The first two trams arrived in Tomsk on the rail, it was a motor car type X (Kharkov) and trailed type M (Mytishchi). Their transferred after the write of Novosibirsk, the main object of the train formed from these carriages line was running. The train made several flights 7 and 8 November 1948, and then no longer be used.
The first phase of the Tomsk tram runs from the railway station Tomsk-I on the Avenue of Kirov and Sovetskaya Street to Baten'kov area. Single-track line had four junction, zhezlovaya system was used for the organization of the movement. In the photo the train from trams KTM-1 / KTP-1 (Kirov motor tram, the first model / Kirov tram trailer, the first model) at the Kirov avenue until the introduction of double-track traffic. Contemporary photographs of the line can be viewed at the link.
The operation of any enterprise is not possible without a friendly and cohesive team. The photo team serving tram train: the driver and two conductor.
Tomsk tram depot was originally built on the street of Kazan (Komsomol prospectus) and will never change its position, but the main production building was built in several stages. Learn how tram depot looks like now, you can follow the link.
In the 1960s, the auditors prepare visual material on road safety, to a photo pasted on cardboard was given a brief text description of the dangerous situation, which could get the motorman.
The TTU archives contain a lot of pictures of cars: broken, burnt, coming down out of the way. Most of these photographs dated 1960 and over the years and made by the auditors on traffic safety. This is the heyday of the tram traffic in Tomsk, the line covers most of the city, and in the inventory of the tram depot there were 158 (1967 year) of cars.
In 1969 tramway economy of Tomsk and Omsk received new cars production Ust-Katav factory (UKVZ). KTM-5M "Ural-5" (Kirov tram motor, the fifth model, modernized) favorably differs from its predecessors. Warm, fast, single car with comfortable seats, wide doors and aisles began to emerge on the routes. To reduce the weight of the body was encased with fiberglass, fluorescent lighting made the interior light and loudspeaker device helps the driver to announce the stop. Moreover, cars "Ural-5" had no pneumatic system, which is constantly peremerzala in winter, and its absence did trams very quiet.
The new cars were poorly written, mostly from a failure of the door drive, the lighting and the hand brake. Many problems have been on the electrical section, according to the recollections of veterans, ignition occurs in at least four cars. However, one fire was to dramatically affect the fate of the entire series, a fire occurred in 1971, right on the line, presumably to stop the area "Street Far Kluchevskaya". Tram burnt within a few minutes, with some passengers poisoned plastic products of combustion. Ministry zhilischno and communal services prescribed by the manufacturer to make improvements in the project, and all previously released cars had to go through an upgrade. Plastic sheeting was replaced by corrugated metal (plastic remains in the end parts of the car and on the roof), fluorescent lighting to incandescent lamps, cable drive door on the chain mechanism, and by unreliable handbrake eventually abandoned. In the photo burnt tram KTM-5M in the depot.
A new project was named KTM-5M3 (Kirov tram motor, the fifth model, the third option). Since 1976, the year on a single classifier UKVZ introduced rolling stock, and then changed its name to the model 71-605 (71 - tram passenger, 6 - room UKVZ, 05 - the model code) is such cars still account for half of the tram fleet Tomsk. The photo wagon KTM-5M (71-605) and the driver in sample uniforms of the 1970s.