15 incredible projects of the great architect Renzo Piano
The Italian architect Renzo Piano, together with the British Norman Foster and Richard Roger is considered the founder of the architectural style of hi-tech. Piano has made an enormous contribution to the development of modern architecture and his works do not cease to surprise even the most experienced audience. In our review we present 15 extraordinary projects of the Italian architect Renzo Piano, who must see.
Skyscraper "Shard" in London, United Kingdom
"Shard" bird's-eye view
Skyscraper "Shard" (from the English. "Fragment") was designed by Renzo Piano in London in 2012. 72-storey building, reaching 309 m in height, has become one of the main symbols of modern Britain and its capital. The skyscraper consists of office part (from the first to the 28th floor), restaurants and bars (31-33 floors), the hotel complex (34-52) and 10 luxury apartments (in the last 20 floors), also on the top floor is an observation deck. Skyscraper "Shard" is considered to be the tallest building in Western Europe.
The Museum and Exhibition Center Paul Klee in Bern, Switzerland
The unusual shaped building of the museum and exhibition center, the German artist Paul Klee was built in Bern, Switzerland in 2005. According to the plan by Renzo Piano, the original building is a "kind of landscape sculpture, smooth lines which follow the contours of the hills covered with trees in the background, and fit harmoniously into the surrounding landscape."
Due to the fact that the paintings of Klee are very sensitive to light, most of the cultural complex was located underground. Interestingly, in the collection of the artist's museum consists of 2600 his works.
The Aquarium of Genoa, Italy
The Aquarium of Genoa, built in the framework of the international exhibition "Expo-1992", is the largest aquarium in Italy and the second largest in Europe. The building area of 3100 sq aquarium. m, which is one of the sponsors listed Renzo Piano, is located in the old port area of Genoa. In 1998, the Aquarium has been expanded: it was attached to the hundred-meter ship, connected by a bridge to the main structure. Today, aquarium consists of 70 reservoirs with a total capacity of 6 million liters, which is home to a variety of fish, reptiles and invertebrates. Every year, the aquarium in Genoa is visited by about 1, 2 million people.
The Aquarium of Genoa, Italy: INTERIOR
Shopping and entertainment complex Welstadthaus in Cologne, Germany
Shopping and entertainment complex Welstadthaus in the German city of Cologne was built in 2005. At 14 sq. M. m of retail space modern shopping and entertainment center is located about 400 shops and boutiques, restaurants and cafes, as well as a small ice rink and a children's area on the first floor. This five-story glass building looks like a ship, but the locals call it a whale. For facade cladding total area 4, 9 sq. M. 6800 m were used glass panels 66 and the beams of massive Siberian larch.
Welstadthaus: night shot
The modern building of the Institute of Art in Chicago, USA
Modern housing Art Institute in Chicago, the total area of almost 25 sq. M. m is intended exclusively for the exhibition of works of art in the period from 1900 to the present day, as well as master classes. The main premises of the Institute of Arts are considered an educational center and meeting rooms for temporary exhibitions. The main principle of the architect became a cultural center of maximum openness interior.
The interior of the room
Building Foundation Pathe studio in Paris, France
View from the bird's-eye view
Incredible building studio Pathe Foundation was built in the French capital in 2014. As conceived by the architect Piano, the building combines the historic past of Paris and its futuristic future. From the side of the main facade of the office is no different from standing in the vicinity of buildings of the XIX century, and behind it is a monolithic structure, shaped like the back of a giant armadillo. Strolling through nearby streets, Parisians only see the glass dome, and even can not imagine that he was hiding the whole "organic being" ( "organic creature" - the term Renzo Piano).
Modern Art Astrup Fearnley Museum in Oslo, Norway
Modern Art Astrup Fearnley Museum in the Norwegian capital is represented by three separate buildings, united by a glass roof. One of the buildings occupied by offices and an art exhibition, while the other two are reserved directly at the cultural center. For guests of the complex on the waterfront broken small amusement park where you can enjoy the rustle of the trees and the murmur of the waves.
The main architectural element of the complex acts as a roof, which is a curved surface. It covers all three buildings, emphasizing their relationship and continuity. The museum consists of 10 exhibition halls, each of which differs in shape, high ceilings and decoration materials.
Reconstruction Museum Isabella Stewart Gardner in Boston, USA
In 2012, the capital of Massachusetts opened a new wing which was founded in 1902 Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum. The new building in an area of 6, 5 sq. M. m are located: spacious interactive temporary exhibition hall, a concert hall for 300 seats, restoration workshops, apartments for artists visiting, etc. It should be noted that the draft Italian architect provided a special geothermal space heating and cooling system, natural light and.. effective use of local building materials, for which modern Boston facility intends to receive the gold certificate LEED.
The interior of the room
Stadium "San Nicholas" in Bari, Italy
Stadium "San Nicola" bird's-eye view
Multifunctional stadium, built in 1990 in the Italian town of Bari, was named in honor of the patron saint of these places, Saint Nicholas. Curiously, the stadium, authored by Renzo Piano, contains 58,248 people, but it was never filled to capacity. It was with the construction of a new sports facility many people associate the economic achievements of a small provincial town, about which little was known until recently.
The National Center of Art and Culture Georges Pompidou in Paris, France
The main facade
National Center for Arts and Culture was opened in Paris in 1977 at the initiative of French President Georges Pompidou. The museum building, designed by Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers, is a real masterpiece of architecture and hi-tech. The main idea of the creative tandem of architects was the location of all the technical structures (reinforcement connections, elevators and escalators, pipes) outside the building, which made it possible to release the maximum usable space. Pompidou Center in Paris - one of the most visited tourist sites in the world: it is visited by more than 6 million people a year.
A fragment of the facade
the NEMO Science Museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands
Building Science Museum NEMO, built in 1997 in the area of East Amsterdam shipyard, is a 30-meter half-gone in the water craft. Thanks to the original plan of the true connoisseur and hi-tech piano, inside the museum you can see the ventilation pipes, steel slabs and other engineering details of the building. museum exhibition devoted to the first field of science, technology and art, as well as the process of their interaction. Special interest among the visitors enjoyed the roof terrace of this green building, offering stunning views over Amsterdam.
The main entrance
Skyscraper "The New York Times Building" in New York, USA
The main facade
Construction of 52-storey skyscraper "The New York Times Building" in western Manhattan was completed in 2007. Tower 228 meters high (considering the antenna - 319 m) occupies the third place in the list of the tallest buildings in New York and 7th - across America. The design of the house includes a large number of energy-saving materials. Exterior walls are completely covered with a special glass, letting in plenty of sunlight. This magnificent building is the headquarters of the world-famous print edition, is regarded by many residents and visitors to New York City as a new architectural symbol of the city.
The Concert Hall "Parco della Musica" in Rome, Italy
"Parco della Musica" with a bird's-eye view
Concert Hall "Parco della Musica" was built in 2002. The name of the complex - "Music Park" - explains the idea of the project lies in the fact that the three music halls have to literally "float" above the greenery of the park. The second name of the object, "Auditorium" - the musical center, the purpose of which was that to create a center for classical music. In Rome "Parco della Musica" often are global events, summits and concerts of famous groups. The total capacity of the three rooms is about 4, 7 th. Viewers.
The interior of the main hall
The roof of the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco, USA
The roof of the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco with a bird's-eye view
In 2008 in San Francisco by Renzo Piano has been built modern educational building of the California Academy of Sciences. Of course, the main element of the entire complex was his incredible "green" roof area of more than 1 hectare. In fact, the roof is a grass cover 2 million species of various plants. Also on the perimeter of the roof located solar panels ranks. It is expected that soon a new building of the California Academy of Sciences will be the largest in the world, received the LEED Platinum certification.
Pilgrimage Church of Padre Pio in San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy
Pilgrimage Church of Padre Pio in San Giovanni Rotondo is a very high artistic value. It is located close to the hospital "House to alleviate the suffering." The area of the church is 6 sq. M. m, and it is the second largest church in Italy. The ground floor of the crypt is covered with gold from the donations of the faithful, and there is the tomb of the saint. This place of worship can take a large flow of the faithful, and many use the local hotels that are within walking distance, and services such as bed and breakfast.
The interior of the room