The most beautiful temples Russia
Selection of Russian heritage, the most beautiful temples of the Russian Federation
Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary the city of Rostov-on-Don.
The temple was built to the standard project of architect KA Ton and looks very similar to its other temples built to his designs: Christ the Savior Cathedral in Moscow, and have not kept to the present day Vvedensky temple Semenov regiment in St. Petersburg and Svyatoduhovsky cathedral in Petrozavodsk. But to say that one is a copy of another - it is wrong.
In addition, in 1887, designed by the architect-engineer troop AA Campioni and artist-architect DV Lebedev with its western side, was erected a four-tiered bell tower of St. Nicholas Church, Archbishop of Myra and belfry, height 75 meters. Chime its 10-ton bell is heard in the 42 mile of Zadonye.
Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburg, the temple of Military Glory, one of the most magnificent temple of St. Petersburg plants.
The main facade of the cathedral of the Nevsky Prospekt and creates a unique appearance the main thoroughfare of the city. The temple building, conceived by the architect A. Voronikhin, bears the features of European classical architecture, especially the Cathedral of St. Peter in Rome, and at the same time, there is clearly seen the Russian architectural style with elements of eclecticism and classicism. Cathedral impresses with its giant, slightly curving colonnade, which consists of 96 trinadtsatimetrovyh Corinthian columns. These huge columns are made up of blocks of stone, brought from special quarries in Gatchina, a suburb of St. Petersburg. And in the external design of the cathedral are spectacular reliefs and statues.
Christ the Savior Cathedral in Moscow
The most famous and the main cathedral of the country.
It recreated in the 1990s on the site of the temple of the same name, created in the XIX century. Temple in the 105 meters was built in Russian-Byzantine style. Dome made of stainless steel and coated with a thin layer of gold, and to protect against atmospheric phenomena were also coated with diamond dust. In the temple there are 12 exterior doors, cast in bronze. The arches and niches of the temple placed numerous figures of saints. Currently, the temple has the status of a farmstead, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
Epiphany Cathedral in Yelokhovo (Moscow)
It was built in 1837 by architect ED Tyurin. The building built in the classical style, and is topped by five domes on light drums, constituting the main decoration of the temple. On large central rotunda high semicircular windows with graceful painting on top, which are separated by paired columns. Crowned by the temple a huge gold dome with a small cupola on top. The side entrance to the temple - a very large, separated by columns into three parts; located on top of a semi-circular window. Seedlings are framed by wide paired pilasters. In 1930, the church became Patriarchal Cathedral. Epiphany Cathedral is the heart of the spiritual life of the Orthodox Russia last 60 years. He has never been closed.
Voskresenskiy Cathedral New Jerusalem convent (Istria)
The unique construction of the temple, both the complexity and beauty, built in 1658-1685 gg ..
The cathedral was designed as a copy of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem, but the building did not work the exact repetition of the prototype, but rather its artistic transformation. Cathedral consists of several parts: in the center - chetyrehstolpny Church of the Resurrection, to the west of it - overlapping high tent rotunda with a chapel of the Holy Sepulcher, in the east - the underground Church. Constantine and Helena, as well as preserved fragments steeple.
Assumption Cathedral in Vladimir
Cathedral of the Orthodox church of the Vladimir diocese on the Cathedral Square of the city of Vladimir.
Assumption Cathedral - a beautiful architectural structure of ancient Rus, a unique monument of Vladimir-Suzdal white stone architecture pre-Mongol period. According to the model of the Italian architect Aristotle Fioravanti built the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin. In the Assumption Cathedral of stored samples of the art of the best artists of different times from anonymous painters mid-12th century to the genius of Andrei Rublev and masters of the 17-18 centuries.
The Annunciation Cathedral of the Kazan Kremlin (Kazan)
It is among the oldest and most interesting monuments of Russian church architecture.
Bookmark wooden church on the site of the future cathedral erected to acts of Ivan the Terrible. The cathedral belongs to the Pskov School Russian architecture. During this period, craftsmen Postnik Yakovlev and Ivan Shiryaev was instructed to go to Kazan for the construction of a new stone of the city (Kremlin). The cathedral chapter had originally semicircular shape, but in 1736 was converted. Four chapters become bulbous, the average head of the cathedral was constructed in the Ukrainian Baroque style, covered with copper and gilded. Cathedral of the Annunciation in Kazan Kremlin, he is the oldest building in the Kremlin ensemble.
Sofia cathedral in Novgorod
A remarkable monument of architecture, which incorporates not only the features of Russian, but also foreign architecture.
Thus, the western entrance to the St. Sophia Cathedral is decorated with famous Magleburskie gates of the XII century. Tradition says that this is a war trophy, produced by Novgorod in the capture of the Swedish capital Sigtuna in 1187. There are Korsun gate of the XI century Byzantine work, leading to the Christmas limit. During the Great Patriotic War, the cathedral was destroyed, but retained their shape. Currently, he is almost the same as it was in the XI century. This five-naval cross-domed church with three apses.
St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral in Saint Petersburg
Beautiful church in the Elizabethan Baroque style, located on the St. Nicholas area.
It was built between 1753 and 1762 (architect S. Chevakinsky) on the sea regimental yard at the site of the wooden church, can accommodate about five thousand men. Near the cathedral stands chetyrohyarusnaya, completed high spire bell tower. The majestic building of St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral is decorated with Corinthian columns, collected in bundles, molded architraves, wide entablature, and topped by a gilded five domes. Rich plastic facade complemented by wrought iron balconies with patterned grids. At the dedication of the cathedral called sea, because it marked the victory of the Russian fleet.
Vladimir's Cathedral in St. Petersburg, is dedicated to Our Lady of Vladimir, one of the most revered icons in Russia.
This domed temple is an architectural monument transition from the Baroque style to classicism includes two churches - top and bottom. Currently services are held only in the upper church. Sail central dome decorated sculptured evangelists.
The Transfiguration Cathedral of the Solovetsky Monastery
Dvuhstolpny majestic temple, over 40 meters high, which has no analogues in the medieval Russia
His crowning five chapters. Drum under the central head is shifted to the east and is seen as a tent. High arches of the temple based on two massive pillars, light falls from the top of the tent-drum, which seemed to float on the iconostasis. History of the main temple of the Savior-Transfiguration Monastery Solovetsky Stauropegial totals nearly six centuries. Here the holy relics Solovetsky first founder - St. Zosima and Savvatiy.
The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Astrakhan largest Orthodox church. It located on the territory of the Astrakhan Kremlin.
Built in 1699-1710 years, it is considered one of the best examples of Russian church architecture of the beginning of the XVIII century, and is the only surviving architectural temple complexes in Russia, where the temple and place of execution connected.
The Annunciation Cathedral, located in the center of the city of Voronezh.
Erected by architect VP Shevelyova in Russian-Byzantine style. The Cathedral is located on the Avenue of the Revolution on the territory of Pervomaisky Garden. The height of the temple is 85 meters, and its highest point - 97 meters. It is the third largest in the Russian Orthodox church and one of the tallest Orthodox churches in the world. Construction was carried out from 1998 to 2009.
The Holy Trinity Cathedral in the city of Murom, on the left bank of the Oka River.
Erected in 1643. The main decoration of the Holy Trinity Cathedral are forged gold crosses - masterpieces blacksmith work Murom craftsmen of XVII century - and the glazed tiles of the same century with a variety of ornaments. Tiles Trinity Cathedral give special elegance and unique identity, otlitsayuschee it from other temples of Murom.
The Cathedral is part of the architectural ensemble of the Smolny Monastery, which is located in St. Petersburg, on the left bank of the Neva River opposite Smolny embankment.
In the 1730s the successor of the throne of Elizabeth decided to spend the last years of his life in peace and quiet of the monastery is surrounded by a hundred and twenty of Noble Maidens. Already being empress, she pointed out to build a monastery on the site of "Smolny home" - the palace where she lived their adolescence. The monastery complex had to enter the temple with the home church and bell tower and the institute for girls of noble families. The architect of the Cathedral - Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli.
Trinity Cathedral, Saint Petersburg on the Trinity Square in the Admiralty district of St. Petersburg.
Full name - Cathedral of the Holy Trinity Church of the Life Guards Izmailovo Regiment. The cross-shaped plan crowned with a powerful stone cathedral with five domes. The temple was built in the Empire style. At the time of the consecration of the cathedral is the largest in Russia. Dome painted with gold stars on a blue background on the personal instructions of Nicholas I, this in 1826: the dome must be painted like the dome of the cathedral in Moscow and Tver Tver. Facade of the cathedral decorated with six-columned portico of the Corinthian order with a sculptural frieze. In the niches of the portico are bronze figures of angels.
The Cathedral of the Resurrection on the Blood Church of the Savior on Blood in St. Petersburg
Orthodox odnoprestolny Memorial Church of the Resurrection of Christ, erected in memory of the fact that in this place March 1, 1881 as a result of the attempt was mortally wounded Tsar Alexander II (the expression on the blood indicates the king of the blood). The temple was built as a monument to the Tsar-Martyr funds collected throughout Russia, the project is in the "Russian style" is somewhat reminiscent of the Moscow Cathedral of St. Basil.
Cathedral Protection of the Virgin on the Moat, also called St. Basil
Orthodox church, located on Red Square Kitai-Gorod, Moscow.
Widely known monument Russian architecture. Prior to the XVII century is usually called the Trinity, as the original wooden church was dedicated to the Holy Trinity; He was also known as "Jerusalem", which is associated both with the dedication of one of the aisles, and with committed in the Palm Sunday procession to it Dormition Cathedral with "donkey walk" the Patriarch. Currently, St. Basil's Cathedral - a branch of the State Historical Museum. Included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Russia.
According to legend, the architect (architect) the cathedral were blinded by order of Ivan the Terrible, so that they can no longer build such a temple.
Domes only 10. Nine domes of the temple (the number of Thrones: Protection of the Virgin (center), Trinity (east), the Entry into Jerusalem (app), Gregory Armenian (north-west), Alexander Svirsky (the south..... -vost.), Varlaam Khutyn (south-west.), John the Merciful (ex. John, Paul and Alexandra Constantinople) (north-east.), Nicholas Velikoretsky (south.), Adrian and Natalia (ex. Cyprian and Justina) (sat.)) plus a dome over the bell tower.
The Holy Trinity Cathedral
Orthodox church, part of the architectural ensemble of the Pskov Krom and being its main structure.
The construction site of the temple, which was to become the center of the settlement, chose the Grand Duchess Olga née here visiting Pskov land in 957. As the Chronicle, as she stood on the river bank, she had a vision in the form of three rays, indicating the place - that's why decided to dedicate the temple of the Holy Trinity.
Troop Voskresensky Cathedral City Starocherkassk.
Near the temple is a two-tiered belfry height of 45, 8 meters. It is the only building of its kind in South Russia.
Troop Ascension Cathedral in Novocherkassk
Founded in 1805. The construction of his began in 1811, with the note that the larger St. Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg will be built in 1818, and the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow, even later in 1832. Seventh height catholic dome building in Russia after the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, St. Isaac's Cathedral, Smolny Resurrection Cathedral in St. Petersburg, Trinity Cathedral, Saint Petersburg in St. Petersburg, Savior on Blood Church in St. Petersburg, Trinity Cathedral in Pskov.
Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye
The Orthodox Church of the Moscow Danilov deaneries of the diocese.
The temple is situated in the area Nagatinsky Zaton, Southern Administrative District of Moscow, in the former village of Kolomenskoye. The temple is a masterpiece of world architecture, the first stone church marquee in Russia.