World history bra
The first official patent for a bra was received exactly one hundred years ago. The author of this remarkable invention was a woman - a progressive American Mary Phelps Jacobs. This happened in 1914. Going to another rout, Mary went to the trick and built a two elastic bands alternative to the usual corset, which was destined to become the first bra.
But the story of this remarkable woman's garment does not begin with this event. Clothing for women's breasts has existed since ancient times and is always performed not only aesthetic function, but also practical. Support breast has always been a problem for women in all ages. Our historical research is devoted to the cultural trail of bras in the history of the world.
No matter how much is said about that the first bras were invented in ancient Egypt, the study claimed that on the banks of the Nile did not know of such a garment. Women of the people preferred to go topless, and the ladies of the delights concealed under the tunic and spacious Heaton.
The Minoan goddess
During the Bronze Age Minoan culture on the island of Crete had many symbols associated with the female breast as a personification of fertility. Statuette of the goddess-mother used to have an open chest and earthly women around her imitators. Historians say that Cretan women tied up the chest from the bottom, but did not cover it completely.
is considered to be the culture of Ancient Greece, the reference, in many ways, but then there was not exact, it's push-up-bra. Notable women wore tunics spacious, not constraining virtues. Only a few female soldiers bandaged chest taut ribbons. Legend of the Amazons, women talk about such an unpleasant procedure as burning right breast, in order to make it more convenient to shoot with a bow.
Underwear Roman Empire
It is known that the athletes in ancient Rome tied chest ribbons tight, so it does not interfere with exercise or horse riding.
Chinese fashion wear very conservative, also had an obvious fondness for the suppression of all feminine. Chinese women carefully concealed under the broad chest cloth tapes, which were called "tune". They became the prototype of corsets, as tied up not only the chest but also the abdomen.
In the Middle Ages it was not clear fledging relationship to a woman's breasts, but slender ladies of high society had a clear tendency to its absence, which ultimately resulted in the fashion for slender boyish shape. Large breasts and wide hips began to sign prostolyudinok, and the rest had to tighten the excess into tight corsets, which by that time become a daily subject of women's clothing.
Corsets in Western Europe
The fashion for boyish silhouettes demanded more and more corsets. It is interesting that women's corsets have become a good business for the whalers as the best corsets were obtained on the frame of whalebone. Woman - hourglass has become a symbol of beauty for many centuries, and the echoes of this mode can be heard to this day.
The great liberation of the breast
The Great French Revolution, among other freedoms and brought liberation for women. Revolutionaries like including new fashion, free from the prejudices of the past. Women no longer hide under the chest corset and began to wear plunging necklines. At the same time, women from the lower classes began to bandage his chest ribbons for convenience, including the order to wear men's clothes, on which at that time became fashionable.
The Puritan tradition of the 19th century is not very bestowed the freedom of women. Especially nerve persons were treated in psychiatric hospitals, and about the freedom of the breast could be no question. Code of conduct prescribed for women to wear slimming underwear day and night, and on the neck could be no question.
Feminism and mammary glands
During the reign of King Edward started the movement of women for their rights, including not least is the right to wear comfortable clothes. The argument cited weighty arguments about the harmfulness of corsets and organ deformation that they cause. So, at the end of the 19th century there was an explosion of inventions of new types of lingerie that do not harm suffered and were much easier to just that invented the human mind before.
milestone invention, Mary Phelps Jacobs occurred in 1914 and became the embodiment of the millennial aspirations and expectations of women around the world. His invention is called "besspinnym corset" and made him two handkerchiefs, and elastic bands. The idea came to the girl at the time, when she was trying on a dress with an open back, preparing for the next social event.
War and bust
By the beginning of World War II, light industry has mastered many bras models, but the garment remained very niche product. Coup was the formal adoption of bras as uniforms for female soldiers, which helps raise morale in the military environment.
The post-war success of
After the war, there was a real explosion of interest in intimate garment. Development of new models take hundreds of designers and firms offered a lot of variety of styles - from bras for pregnant before the first models underwire bras or terrible on the wire frame.
Despite the fact that the fashion historians have repeatedly predicted the death of the garment, the interest in bras is not going to die down at all. Just look at the latest collections lukbuki Victoria's Secret, to understand that the bra much alive.