10 strongest poisons
In the world there are many poisons the very different nature. Some of them act almost immediately, others may torment for years poisoned the victim, destroying it from the inside slowly. However, the concept of poison has no clear boundaries. It all depends on the concentration. And often one and the same substance can also act as a deadly poison, and the role of one of the most essential components for life. A striking example of this duality are the vitamins - even a small excess of their concentration can completely destroy the health or kill on the spot.
Here we offer a look at the 10 substances that are pure poison, and part of the group's most dangerous and fast.
cyanides called a fairly large group of cyanide salts. They're all, like most acid, an extremely toxic. In the last century, and hydrocyanic acid and cyanogen chloride were used as chemical warfare agents, and on their account, tens of thousands of lives.
Potassium cyanide is also famous for its extreme toxicity. 200-300 mg of white powder, resembling in appearance sugar, enough to kill an adult human in a matter of seconds. Due to such a low dosage and incredibly quick death, the poison chosen to withdraw from life, Adolf Hitler, Joseph Goebbels, Hermann Goering and other Nazi.
This poison tried to poison Rasputin. However, shippers slipped cyanide in sweet wine and cakes, not knowing that sugar is one of the most powerful antidotes to the poison. Therefore, in the end, they had to use a gun.
Anthrax - it is very difficult, rapidly growing disease that causes the bacteria Bacillus anthracis. There are several forms of anthrax. The most "harmless" - a skin. Even in the absence of treatment Mortality from this form does not exceed 20%. Intestinal form kills about half of the cases, but the pneumonic form - is almost certain death. Even with the latest modern methods of treatment the doctors manage to save up to 5% of patients.
Sarin was created by German scientists who were trying to synthesize a powerful pesticide. But his notoriety deadly poison that causes a quick but very painful death, not acquired in the agricultural fields, and as a chemical weapon. Sarin for decades tons produced for military purposes, and only its production was banned in 1993. But despite calls for the complete destruction of all stockpiles of the substance, and in our time it is used as a terrorist and military.
Amatoksiny - is a group of toxins of protein nature contained in poisonous mushrooms amanitaceae family, including in deadly pale toadstool. Special danger of these poisons is their "slowness". Getting in the human body, they immediately begin their destructive work, but the first victim begins to feel discomfort no sooner than 10 hours, sometimes a few days, when doctors already very difficult to do anything. Even if such a patient fails to save, it will still rest of his life suffering from painful disorders of the liver, kidneys and lungs.
Strychnine in large quantities contained in the nuts of the tropical tree chilibuha. It is because of them, he was received in 1818 by French chemists Pelletier and Kavantu. In small doses strychnine can be used as a medicine that increases metabolism, improves heart function and treatment of paralysis. He was even actively used as an antidote for poisoning by barbiturates.
Nevertheless, it is one of the most powerful poisons. His lethal dose even less than the famous potassium cyanide, but it works much slower. Death from strychnine poisoning occurs after about half an hour of terrible torment and severe convulsions.
Mercury is extremely dangerous in all its forms, but particularly strong cause harm to its pair and the soluble compounds. Even small amounts of mercury trapped in the body to cause severe damage to the nervous system, liver, kidney and all-gastro-intestinal tract.
When the body of small amounts of mercury poisoning process goes slowly but inevitably, as the poison is not displayed, but rather it accumulates. In ancient times, the mercury is widely used for the production of mirrors, and felt for hats. Chronic poisoning mercury vapor, expressed in conduct disorder until the complete insanity at the time was known as "the disease of the old hatter."
This is an extremely strong poison is found in liver, milk and the calf famous puffer fish, as well as in the skin and the eggs of some species of tropical frogs, octopuses, crabs and caviar California newt. With the influence of the poison Europeans first met in 1774, when the ship James Cook's crew ate unknown tropical fish and slop from dinner they were given to ship pigs. In the morning all the people become seriously ill, and pigs suffocated. Tetrodotoxin poisoning is very serious, and even today doctors manage to save at least half of all poisoned.
It is interesting to note that the famous Japanese delicacy fugu fish is prepared from fish, in which the dangerous toxins exceeds lethal dose for humans. Fans of this feast literally entrust their lives to the art of the cook. But no matter how trying to cook, accidents can not be avoided, and every year a few die gourmet, enjoy fine dining.
Ricin - an extremely strong poison plant. It represents a great danger of its inhalation smallest grains. Ricin is about 6 times more poisonous than potassium cyanide, but as a weapon of mass destruction has not been used because of the purely technical difficulties. But various intelligence agencies and terrorists are very "love" is a substance. Politicians and public figures punctually receive letters, filled with ricin. However, the case rarely comes to death, as the penetration of ricin through the lungs has a relatively low efficiency. For a perfect result ricin be administered directly into the blood.
VX, or as it is called, the VI-gas - belongs to the category of chemical warfare gases, providing nerve. He, too, was born as a new pesticide, but soon the military began to use it for their own purposes. Symptoms of poisoning gas that occur within 1 minute after its inhalation or contact with skin, and death occurs within 10-15 minutes.
Botulinum toxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum, which are the causative agents of dangerous diseases - botulism. This is the strongest poison organic nature and one of the strongest poisons in the world. In the last century botulinum toxin entered the arsenal of chemical weapons, but at the same time there were active investigations related to its use in medicine. Today, a huge number of people willing to at least temporarily restore smoothness of the skin, feel the influence of this terrible poison, which is part of the popular drug "Botox", which once again confirms the correctness of the famous sayings of the great Paracelsus, "All - poison everything - medicine; both determines the dose. "