Trams in Melbourne
• Trams in Melbourne
Did you know that the world's largest tram network is in Australia? Not in old Europe, not in Omsk and at the other end of the planet. Today, Melbourne - a city with a tram network of the total length of the ways the world's largest. Even twenty years ago, that title belonged to St. Petersburg, but everything changes. Moscow, by the way, only now in fifth place after Melbourne, St. Petersburg, Amsterdam and Berlin, followed by Vienna goes.
Trams in Melbourne - a 25-line, spread over 250 kilometers, almost 500 trains and 180 million passengers per year. Unlike Sydney and many others around the world, he has never been closed, continuously running since 1906 and continues to evolve.
Way here mostly pass right through the city streets.
In the tram everywhere priority. Here, for example, the sign "brick" for all but the tram.
Special bump to the machine is not stopped by on the way.
But the bump protects people at the bus stop in the center of the road. The car, stopping it, flips and goes sideways, the lives of people at the bus stop is not in danger.
Almost at every stop there is the scoreboard showing the time before the arrival of the next tram.
Not all low-floor trams.
different models of trams are generally enough. This W-class local, Melbourne, production. With minor modifications, produced in 1923, a true symbol of Melbourne. In the center there is a free excursion line called City Circle, it is very popular among tourists.
All such historical excursion trains 12 and 26 more still go through normal commercial routes. The tram can be very long, if it is good to look after him.
Inside. Dude is clearly the right suspects something.
There are three tram-restaurant for 36 people each. Where you can have lunch or dinner for a nominal fee, which includes unlimited alcohol. Food is only warm up and prepare in advance elsewhere.
And this is B2, also locally produced. I go here since 1984.
A2, they produced in 1985-1987. From the B-Class is characterized by the fact that he has only one section.
Z-class seventies. Melbourne - a veritable museum of the history of electric.
Two era. Right - French tram Class C1, 2001.
It is the same with advertising Lexus.
And this is the German tram D-class. The company Siemens, 2002-2004 year.
Finally, the most modern tram in Melbourne. E-Class, they gradually put into operation in 2013.
Made in Melbourne, for Melbourne. They are really going to Melbourne, bogies and electric motors imported from Germany.
But depot. Stand rest.
All the cars have a network card. Trams in Melbourne is similar to the Moscow Metro: Almost all the branches with a radial ring at the center. To get from one area to another by tram, be sure to drive through the center.
In general, a lot of different information booklets.
How to get paid a special smart card called myki. It's something like Moscow's "Troika." She has a balance, which is necessary in advance to fill, then make enough card to one of the readers.
no turnstiles here, so it is theoretically possible to come and go just like that. But it is not necessary to do a better job, because trams operate an entire army of 268 inspectors, with both uniformed and without (undercover!).
A booklet with information on fines. You can pay a small fine on the spot, without the right to protest, you can refuse to pay and file an appeal, the risk is several times larger sum.
There is no guarantee that the girl with the phone - not the supervisor.
Find a supervisor in this photo.
But there is good news: on January 1, travel on all trams in the city center has become free. Pay attention to the blue cord to communicate with the motorman.
Yes, absolutely free. Authorities say this will increase the attractiveness of the city for tourists. However, the ratio of local to this innovation is ambiguous: they say that because of this price could rise to travel outside of the center, and many important sites were left outside the free zone for the trip back to pay full price.
In parallel, the authorities impose tax on commercial parking in the suburbs, $ 950 a year with one parking space. It mainly affects owners of paid parking on the parking spaces next to residential buildings are not covered. It is said that $ 100 million per year that the city will lose free travel will be compensated by including the money.
Whatever it was, is now a significant part of the world's largest tram network is absolutely free for all.
A few more photos.
In parallel with the paths are cycle paths.
How do you?