New species discovered in 2014
It would seem that for a long time known to all the inhabitants of our planet, but it still never ceases to amaze us. See extraordinary new species of animals discovered in 2014. Some of them you may be very surprised!
Cebrennus rechenbergi in English called "Flic Flac spider". The spider was found Ingo Rechenberg, a German professor of bionics. Spider-acrobat lives in the desert Irk asz-Szabbi in the south-eastern part of Morocco. He is nocturnal, feeding on moths. In the afternoon hiding from predators and the hot sun in special burrows, which looks like a long tube in the sand. When he feels the Ugra, then runs off. That's OK, you might say. But then, as it does, can you really surprising. It uses effective method of Flic en Flac, ie makes a series of acrobatic coups, when it can reach speeds of up to two meters per second.
Antechinus arktos - a small marsupial found in Australia
Antechinus Arktos like a small marsupial mice, it is nocturnal and feeds mainly on insects. It lives in the mountainous areas in the north of Springbrook National Park in the eastern regions of Australia. He has brown-orange fur, a long black tail and black paws. It was opened by Andrew Baker.
Jellyfish Pelagia benovici
In the autumn of last year, fishermen off the coast of Venice began to catch hundreds of unusual species of jellyfish. Previously, they had such have not seen. Jellyfish flashed yellow-amber color, which attracted the attention of scientists, who will soon be classified as a new species of jellyfish - Pelagia benovici.
Marine organisms dendrogramma
This is probably the most important discovery of the year. We are dealing with a completely new organisms, which are only so far we can say that they are animals. They do not fit the description of any existing type of animal. Researchers point to the similarity of these marine organisms, with the organisms that existed ... 600 million years ago. It is possible that Dendrogramma are descendants of primitive animals belonging to extinct trilobozoa type.
Spider, mesmerizing dance
Maratus pardus - this cute little spider belongs to the family of jumping spiders. Also called Spider-peacock, because of the very colorful abdomen, which he bends so much that can flatten it over his own head. These spiders have been found in the marshy area of the National Park at Cape Le Grand, in the south-western part of Australia.
Gramastacus Lacus is also called swamp crayfish East, as they live in the swamps and lakes on the coast of New South Wales, in the south-eastern part of Australia. They were discovered by Robert McCormack. This very small cancers, weighing an average of 5 grams, and about 2 centimeters in length. Different from other types in that they have very large genital genital warts.
Hesperochernes bradybaughi lzheskorpiony or
Lzheskorpiony resemble small Scorpions, but without a tail with a poisonous needle segment. Therefore, they were called lzheskorpionami. These small animals, the size of about 3 millimeters in length, is fully adapted to life in a dark cave - they have no eyes. They were found in a cave in Arizona, in a protected area Parashant, on the northern edge of the Grand Canyon.
Frog Rana kauffeldi
Imagine that this new species of frogs were found on Staten Island, in New York - in the densely populated metropolitan area of one of the largest cities in the world. Discovery was made by Jeremy Feinberg.
Asbestopluma Monticola - carnivorous sponge
Carnivorous sponges were discovered by a group of researchers from the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute and the Canadian Research Institute. They grow on the ocean floor, not far from the sources of energy, such as hydrothermal vents and underwater volcanoes. On this kind of delicate creatures, but they can be just a few hours to devour its prey and begin to digest it. A few days later the victim remains only an empty shell. Carnivorous sponges have been found at a depth of 1280 meters, on top of an underwater volcano Davidson, just off the coast of California.
Macroscelides micus - a new kind of elephant shrew of a kind macroscelides proboscideus
They are like mice with long noses, but in fact are close relatives of elephants .... This new species has been discovered and described a group of scientists, led by John Dumbacher.
What is interesting to study this kind, the scientists had to go nine times in the Namib Desert. Every night they set from 50 to 200 traps, as well as bait used peanut butter and oatmeal. In total, they were able to catch 21 different elephant shrew, of which 15 were new kind Macroscelides micus.
The Peruvian toad Rhinella yunga
A new toad was discovered in the Peruvian rainforests Czech-Peruvian-American team of scientists led by Jiri Moravec from the National Museum in Prague. Toad named Rhinella yunga, and the word yunga in language Quechua means "Warm Valley". Toad lives in the central part of Peru, just west of Lima, in the transitional forest zone separating the National Park Yanachaga-Chemillén and protected forest Pui-Pui. These frogs live under the fallen leaves.
Fish Amblyopsis hoosieri
This new kind of cave fish was discovered in the state of Indiana, in the United States. These pink blind fish anus is located at the back of the head .... Scientists can not yet explain this unusual its location, in the end, not without reason, the head and anus in animals, as a rule, are separated by a distance. The researchers speculate that perhaps such a system helps in breeding these fish (female reproductive organs are located near the anus). Amblyopsis hoosieri inhabit shallow water in karst caves
Monkeys Pithecia pissinatti
The discovery of new mammals is an extremely rare event. This year, however, scientists have discovered five new monkeys in South America. They are called Saks - are small monkeys with long bushy tails, bare, black muzzles. They live in small groups consisting of 2-9 individuals: as a rule, is a pair of adults with several young monkeys.
Gecko Paroedura hordiesi
Madagascar is inhabited by dozens of species of geckos. German-French team of scientists has found another kind of animal, named Paroedura hordiesi, in honor of the German naturalist Freddi Hordiesa. Geckos are nocturnal, as indicated by vertical pupils. Their distinguishing feature is the square shape of the limbs. They were discovered in the ruins of the French fortress in the north of Madagascar, in the reserve Montagne des Français, and the description of scientists, geckos there artfully blend into the background of the ruins and rocky terrain.
This is the only non-living now view our open list, but it is very interesting from an evolutionary point of view. Electrotettix attenboroughi - this grasshopper, which opened Sam Heads, Jared Thomas and Yinan Wang. Electrotettix attenboroughi lived 18 to 20 million years ago, ate moss, fungi and algae.
A frog of the genus Micrixalu
Frogs from the genus Micrixalus can only be found in the Western Ghats, the mountains in the southern part of India. They are called the dancing frogs due to unusual behavior during the mating season. Males, except for the noisy sounds to attract the attention of the females waving legs very interesting, yet still manage and repel other males legs. Scientists believe that they have appeared on Earth about ... 85 million years ago. Unfortunately, this species is in danger of extinction.