Exciting facts about the Egyptian pyramids, which you might not know
• Fascinating facts about the Egyptian pyramids, which you might not know
Most people just know that the Egyptian pyramids - it is large in size, impressive buildings, erected long ago in ancient Egypt. Also well known is the fact that the pyramids were monumental tombs in which were buried the pharaohs, the rulers of ancient Egypt. However, in reality there are many more interesting things and a little known fact that many do not know about these fascinating buildings. In order to expand your knowledge of the Egyptian pyramids, read the twenty-five facts presented below, you may well not know.
The three most famous Egyptian pyramids are those that are found in the necropolis of Giza (Giza Necropolis), but in fact in ancient Egypt, it was found about 140 pyramids.
The most ancient Egyptian pyramid is considered Pyramid of Djoser (Pyramid of Djoser), which was built in the necropolis of Sakkara (Saqqara Necropolis) in the 27th century BC.
While the Djoser Pyramid is the oldest, the Cheops Pyramid (Pyramid of Khufu) (also known as the Great Pyramid of Giza) is the largest. The initial height of the pyramid was 146, 5 meters, and the height is equal to the present-day 138 8 meters.
So long as England Lincoln Cathedral of St. Mary (Lincoln Cathedral) was not built in 1311, the Great Pyramid of Giza held the title of tallest building in the world, created by human hands. She holds the record for at least the year 3871!
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (Seven Wonders of the Ancient World), and the last of the currently existing.
counting the number of workers involved in the construction of the pyramids, vary widely, however, it is likely that they are erected at least 100 000 people.
The Pyramids of Giza are protected by the Great Sphinx (Great Sphinx), the largest monolith statue in the world. It is believed that the face of the Sphinx was attached to the similarity with the face of the pharaoh Chephren (Khafra).
All Egyptian pyramids were built on the west bank of the Nile River, which is the site of the sunset and was associated with the realm of the dead in Egyptian mythology.
The ancient Egyptians buried their noble citizens in the pyramids with burial gifts, which ranged from household items to the most expensive items such as jewelry. They believed that the dead would use them in the afterlife.
The earliest well-known architect of the pyramids was Imhotep (Imhotep), Ancient Egyptian scholar, engineer and physician. He is the author of the first large pyramids - Pyramid of Djoser.
While experts generally agree on the hypothesis that the pyramids were built of huge stones carved with copper chisels in stone quarries, the methods used for their displacement and folding, are still the subject of heated debate and speculation.
Another, relatively obvious, it is the fact that the method used to build the pyramids, have evolved over time. Pyramids of the later period were not built because the earliest pyramid. After the period of construction of the pyramids in ancient Egypt, it began construction of the pyramids in flash on the territory of modern Sudan.
In the 12th century an attempt to destroy the Pyramids of Giza was made. Al-Aziz (Al-Aziz), the Kurdish governor and the second Sultan of the Ayyubid dynasty (Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt), tried to demolish them, but he had to give up, because the task was too extensive. Nevertheless, he managed to damage the Pyramid of Menkaure (Menkaure's Pyramid), which because of its attempts to vertical gaping hole left in its northern slope.
Three Pyramids of Giza are accurately aligned in accordance with the constellation of Orion (Constellation of Orion), which might well have been planned by the builders as well as the stars of Orion were associated with Osiris (Osiris), the god of rebirth and the afterlife in Egyptian mythology.
According to calculations, the Great Pyramid of Giza consists of 2 300 000 stone blocks that weigh from 2 to 30 tons, and some of them even weigh more than 50 tons.
Initially, the pyramids were covered with decorative stone from a highly polished white limestone. These stones reflect the sun's light and made a pyramid shine like gems.
When facing stones covered pyramid, they can be seen from the mountains in Israel and may even from the moon.
Despite the wild heat, standing around the pyramids, the temperature in the pyramids themselves actually remains relatively constant and keeps around 20 degrees Celsius.
It is difficult to calculate accurately, but the weight of the pyramid of Cheops may well be about 6 million tonnes. Khufu Pyramid was built facing north. In fact, it is the most closely aligned to the north structure in the world. Despite the fact that it was built thousands of years ago, the pyramid still stands face to the north, with only a small error. However, the error occurred because the North Pole is shifting, which means that once the pyramid has to be right on the north.
On average, the construction of each pyramid took 200 years. This means that it is often built several, not one pyramid.
One of the reasons why the pyramids are preserved so well, is used in them, a unique cement. It is more sturdy than real stone, but we still do not know how they were prepared.
Contrary to popular belief, the pyramids, probably not built slaves or prisoners. They were built regular workers receive wages.
While many people associate with the characters of the pyramid, the Great Pyramid of Giza no records or characters have been found.