New impressive pictures mysterious craters
• New impressive pictures mysterious craters
There are new photos of the spectacular mysterious craters formed in Siberia. The mission of the newly formed holes on the Yamal Peninsula will help shed light on the cause.
Experts believe that the gas hydrates have led to an underground explosion, as well as underwater eruptions under the Atlantic could lead to the Bermuda Triangle.
The scientists used climbing equipment to get to the bottom of the crater - lake about 10, 5 meters deep with a frozen surface.
Craters on Yamal
Vladimir Pushkarev, head of the Russian Center of Arctic Studies, together with other specialists took samples and made the necessary measurements, thanks to which it will be possible to make any conclusions.
in frozen form, the crater area, which can be reached reach 16, 5 meters.
The depth of the crater crater is about 16, 6 meters, not including an earth mound on the surface, several meters high, which was formed as a result of the explosion.
Due to the fact that the ground is frozen, the experts were able to go down into a huge failure. attempts in the summer failed.
Scientists are going to explore the surrounding area by comparing the images from space and those that were made in the 1980s to see if similar objects encountered. It is possible that they existed, but they did not notice before.
The craters were discovered earlier this year and immediately caused numerous theories of their origin.
Vladimir Pushkarev, explained that it is too early to draw any conclusions concerning the theory of the origin of craters.
The holes in Yamal
The crater is 27 km from the Bovanenkovo gas field in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District, Russia. Its diameter is -30 meters, and is the largest of the craters.
Early Russian scientist Igor Eltsov from the Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics. AATrofimuk, he said that heating at the surface because of the unusual for this area of warm climates and under it because of geological fault lines, led to the release of large amounts of hydrate, and it caused the explosion.
The researcher descends into the crater
Yamal is considered seismically quiet area, but in the crater was observed fairly active tectonic life. This indicated that the temperature there was higher than usual.
The Yamal Peninsula is rich in natural gas, which may have led to the formation of dips in the ground.
When first spread the news about the appearance of huge craters on the Yamal Peninsula, there was a lot of theories, including aliens from outer space, meteorite or someone's joke.
The expedition took place at a temperature of -11 ºC.