A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

• A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

A few days ago we went to Murmansk, and more precisely in the Murmansk region, to see how to construct the northernmost underground hydroelectric power station - Borisoglebskaya HPP and at the same time, at least one eye to look at life in the Arctic Circle.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

We pass the village of Nickel.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Nickel is considered the dirtiest settlement in the Barents region, but apparently because of fallen snow the day before, I had not seen. Old, dilapidated, yes - but so many of our city look.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

So ​​the first point of our destination - the river Paz on which the Borisoglebskaya HPP. The river originates in Lake Inari and flows into the Barents Sea.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

In the reservoir, along the old river rod, the state border between Russia and Norway. In 1826, the left bank, on which stands the Church of Boris and Gleb, went to Norway, but in order to allow people to go to church, on the Norwegian side was established enclave of 1 square kilometer, which is part of Russia.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Borisoglebskaya HPP - the world's northernmost underground hydroelectric diversion type. Station is part of a cascade Pazskye HPP and located in the border zone. Borisoglebskaya hydroelectric hydroelectric erected to the Soviet Union, the Norwegian company "Norelektro". Construction of power plant began in 1960, commissioned HPP adopted March 24, 1964.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The tunnel leading to the engine room. On the walls are posters and photographs of Soviet hydroelectric.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The station serves 12 people. The shift manager shows us the hydroelectric scheme. HPP power - 56 MW and average annual production - 275 million kWh.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The center console Borisoglebskaya HPP management.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

It receives all the information and carried out by all units of the station management.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

duty in the CPU HPP conducted around the clock. But the change is divided in half - half of duty lasts permanently, hydro, and the second half being the house staff the computer where all the information is transmitted from the CPU.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

In the event of an emergency situation, an alarm is triggered, and the button lights up, showing in what compartment HPS was an emergency.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Relay line protection. Made in USSR.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The machine room station is located underground at a depth of 50 meters and was built in the rock.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The center console GES management on the part of the machine hall.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

"Norelektro" supplied all the equipment for hydro power plants, in addition to the vertical Kaplan turbines, which were manufactured at the Leningrad Metal Works.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The two hydropower plants installed hydroelectric capacity of 28 MW each, they give energy - one to the grid in the Kola Peninsula, the second in Norway.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

out of the car and go down the hall even lower.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Underground tunnels spillway.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Borisoglebskaya HPP is unique in that the state border between Russia and Norway, passes right by the dam, which we did not get out of the weather. And to identify membership in a country underground rooms, located in the rocks, it is impossible. Therefore, at the stage of construction of the Soviet Union and Norway agreed on gratuitous use of land, to the extent necessary for the care and maintenance of facilities.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

For doors with lace curtains is a turbine shaft.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Before the water enters the river Paz on the turbine blades, it makes a more than 700-meter path through the tunnel punched through the rock. The height of the tunnel 14, the width - 10 meters.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle A day in the life of the Arctic Circle A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The turbine room.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle A day in the life of the Arctic Circle A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Aeration tunnel.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Little stalagmites of ice. In winter, they grow to a size of more than a meter.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The stairs to the room of turbine valves. Oh, there are more than 200 steps.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The mechanisms for lifting turbine shutter, if necessary block the water.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

For all time of operation HPP only cables changed in these constructions.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

We descended back.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

What is dayroom without domino

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Board to the fortieth anniversary of the GES, and on April 1st of this year is already 50!

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

And behind the walls we were met by hydroelectric puppy Samoyed huskies. Wikipedia says that the Samoyeds were used for pastoral, hunting, transport. And sometimes, even as a nurse for little kids. At night, they are often left in the tent to sleep with them in an embrace - to help keep warm. When you hug Samoyed - it freezes and becomes extremely careful and cautious, so once again not to disturb the person.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The hostess said that the puppy name is Richard Gere

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Well, boat name, so it will float: Richard looks already like to pose for the cameras

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

However, hydroelectric power and built a settlement for power engineering Sts.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Now, an empty club. Until the 2000s, the village had an active life, operated a post office, telegraph office, post office, kindergarten, school and shop.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Two-story houses were built by the Norwegians. Floor allotted to one apartment. Now in the village of 19 houses, most of which turned into holiday homes. The next point of our trip - Trifonov-Pechenga Monastery.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The Martian views of the entrance to the village of Polar.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The settlement Polar pass by, waiting for us Trifonova deserts.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Men's Monastery in the village Luostari Pechenga Murmansk region is the northernmost Orthodox monastery in the world.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The monastery was founded in 1533 by St. Trifon Pechenga.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Many times vehemently, was transferred to another location, and abolished again restored.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The Russian Orthodox Church has announced the reopening of the monastery in 1997.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Daniel Abbot - the abbot told us about the history and life of the monastery.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

In the monastery relics of 116 martyrs who died in the ruin of the monastery in 1589.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

On the question of the origin of the jacket with the word "Navy", Abbot Daniel said: "The military presented. Warm. "

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

At the present time in the monastery live 18 monks, novices and staff member. The average age of about 35 years. According to the abbot, some staff member returned to the monastery already novices, after some time, entrenched in his decision to serve God.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Abbot Daniel came out of Kiev and the question about the situation in Ukraine, said: "For all pray."

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

After the tour of the monastery we were fed lunch.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

The real monastery meatless dinner. Soup (no meat), sauerkraut, buckwheat pasta with sauce and some herbs.

A day in the life of the Arctic Circle

Father Daniel took us to the bus. It's time to go back.