Walk on the fortress "cut the throat"
• Walk on the fortress "cut the throat"
The technique of warfare and protect the city in the Middle Ages was that the main role was played by the fortress. Moreover, not only to protect the city, but on the contrary - to take them.
With this purpose in 1452, the fortress Rumeli Hisar at the narrowest point of the Bosphorus was built to cut off Constantinople from the Black Sea and to begin preparations for his assault. A huge fortress built just fast - in just 4 (!!!) a month, and from that moment to sail the Bosphorus was simply impossible for this place Strait, and then a fortress called "cut the throat" ...
The fortress is located in the European part of modern Istanbul, really at the narrowest point of the Bosphorus directly opposite the fortress Anadoluhisarı on the opposite bank. It is this arrangement allowed while completely block the Bosphorus, cutting off Constantinople from the Black Sea and create the ultimate prerequisites for its fall at the feet of Sultan Mehmed Fatih (the Conqueror).
In our time, in this place is one of the two bridges over the Bosporus, which connect the European and Asian parts of Istanbul - Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge.
This is quite a large castle deserves special attention, not only because it contributed to the capture of Constantinople.
Unique in the history of its construction.
This huge stone structure built just fast for that time - 4 months and 16 days !!! It is without cranes, excavators, trucks and bulldozers. All this was done by the hands of more than 1,000 artists and 2,000 construction workers, who, of course, to die here like flies. It is said that the most active part in the construction of the fortress took himself Sultan Mehmed Fatih, as well as three of his personal assistant, all of which followed the erection of the towers of the citadel
The tallest tower - 9 bunk, whose height is 28 meters, diameter of 23 meters, 7 meters thickness. In addition to the three main towers, towers 13 small, interconnected walls were built. The total area of buildings - 30 thousand square meters. m.
The Rumeli Hisar led three gates (each of the main towers), in addition, the south tower were also secret gate to the arsenal, and grocery stores. Inside the fortress housed the wooden barracks for soldiers and a small mosque, under which there is a large reservoir. Building timber, which was used in the construction of forts, brought from Izmit and Eregli, and stones - from the surrounding quarries in Anatolia. Decorative material for ornaments collected already destroyed Byzantine structures.
The Tower of Khalil Pasha.
Inside the tower is striking in its scale and in our time for her service even constructed elevator
Built strengthening were called Bogazkesen (boğazkesen - "cut the throats") that from a military point of view is completely untrue. Garrison, consisting of 400 of the Janissaries, and powerful guns installed in the nearest shoreline tower Khalil Pasha, did not leave the enemy no chance. Venetian ship, decided to test the combat capability of the Ottoman fortifications and ignored signals to stop, sank almost immediately. Since then, the fortress guns were used mainly for warning salvos and fireworks.
After the fall of Constantinople, the fortress became a customs post. Soon Rumeli Hisar completely lost its strategic importance, and in the XVII century. it turned into a prison. Buildings of the citadel suffered greatly at first during the earthquake in 1509, and then a fire in 1746
In 1958, the fortress has experienced significant restoration and it opened the Museum of Artillery. of his work time - every day except Wednesday, from 9:30 to 16:30.
On the territory of so many different models of guns - from huge to small ship bombards
In addition, here is built a summer theater where during various festivals put on concerts.
The remains of a mosque destroyed by an earthquake in the fortress
Bosphorus view and Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge