• New Year in the old
95 years ago, January 14, 1919 in Russia for the first time began to celebrate the Old New Year.
In pagan times, the New Year was celebrated in Russia on March 22 - the day of the vernal equinox, and this was associated with the agricultural cycle. With the adoption of Christianity in the Byzantine calendar had begun to displace the old, and now the New Year begins on 1 September. For a long time still remained inconsistency, and in some places continued to celebrate New Year in the spring. Only in the late 15th century in Russia officially determine the start of the New Year - 1st of September. On January 1 New Year was moved only in 1699 by decree of Peter I.
January 24, 1918 by the decision of the Council of People's Commissars approved the "Decree on the introduction of the Russian republic of West-European calendar" that February 1, 1918 came into force. Thus, the calendar has shifted to 14 days.
The European countries have long lived in the Gregorian calendar, named after Pope Gregory XIII, and Russia - Julian (on behalf of Julius Caesar).
Since January 1, old style was the 14th number of the new. The custom is to meet the Old New Year in the night from 13 to 14 January in Russia due to the fact that the Russian Orthodox Church continues to meet and New Year and Christmas according to the Julian calendar, differing from the conventional Gregorian. So, the Russians (and not only them) have every right to mention everyone's favorite holiday yet again!
It is interesting that the day before the New Year, which in ancient times was called Vassiliev day in Russia had a decisive importance for the whole year. Vasiliev noted on the day of the feast of agriculture, which is associated with the future harvest, and do obsevaniya rite - hence the name of the holiday "Ovsenev" or "Avsenev". This ritual was different in different regions of the country: for example, in Tula kids scattered around the house spring wheat, while uttering a prayer for rich harvest, and the woman then collected it and stored prior to planting time. Ukrainian ceremonies differed fun, dancing and singing.
And another was a kind of ritual - cooking porridge. On New Year's night, at 2 o'clock, the eldest of the women brought from the rump of the barn, and the older man brought water from the well or the river. Touch grits and water as long as the oven does not heat up, it was impossible - they simply stood on the table. Then all sat down at the table, and the eldest of the women began to stir the porridge in the pot, saying at the same time certain ritual words - usually buckwheat groats was. Then they all got up from the table and the hostess porridge put in the oven - with a bow. Porridge ready to get out of the oven and carefully considered. If the pot was just complete and porridge - the richness and crumbly, it was possible to wait for a happy year and a rich harvest - a mess the next morning ate. If you get out of the porridge pot or pot cracked - it did not promise anything good owners of the house, and then expect trouble, and the porridge was discarded.
Particular attention should be paid as a girl's fortune-telling. Only did the representatives of the weak half, only to learn that the same fate in store for them moody.
An interesting ritual and walking from house to house, treat yourself to dishes of pork. Night Basil guests will certainly have to be fed with pork pies, boiled or roasted pork legs and generally any dishes which include pork. On the table are also required to put a pig's head. The fact that St. Basil believed "svinyatnikom" - the patron saint of pig farmers and pork products, and believe that if that night on the table will be a lot of pork, then these animals will breed in the economy abound, and bring the owners a good return. Here is a sign of a much more positive rite of porridge, especially assiduous and hard-working hosts.
Surprisingly sonorous and foldable saying: "Mumps yes Borovka for Vasilyeva Vecherka" also contributed to the mood of the hosts on the economic prosperity and abundance. But the tradition of sculpting of the Old New Year dumplings with surprises appeared not so long ago - no one really remembers where and when, but it pleased observed in many regions of Russia.
In some cities they mold in almost every house - with family and friends, and then arrange a fun meal and eat these dumplings, looking forward, to whom and what will fall surprise.