How is life with motorists in Japan
• How is life motorists in Japan
The level of motorisation in Japan - one of the highest in the world. Per 1000 inhabitants is 453 passenger cars (for comparison, in Russia this figure - 233).
would ￼￼Kazalos why in an already cramped Japan as many machines? This is despite the fact that here works perfectly public transport, travel by train is much more convenient and faster. But for Japan ￼etot question is not so clear. The domestic market for the Japanese automotive industry ￼- one of the largest, and the auto industry, in turn, - one of the most important sectors of the Japanese ￼ekonomiki. And then the Japanese authorities have to balance on a very thin line between being ￼chtoby not give cities suffocated by excessive amounts of personal transportation, and so as not to choke the precious ￼dat car industry. However, due to the strict enough ￼gosudarstvennoy policy towards motorists, yet managed to solve the issue.
Of course, there are traffic jams in Tokyo, but Moscow ￼avtomobilistu they might seem simple toy. On weekdays, most people prefer to travel by public transport. sometimes come to work by car ￼dazhe bad taste, if you're not some big boss. ￼￼Na roads freely enough.
￼Vodit can be 18 years of age, although the majority in Japan comes in 20. Go to a driving school is not mandatory, but most Japanese still do it, as in this case, you can do ￼tolko written exam and not to surrender driving. Course costs 3-4 thousand dollars. Almost ￼vse who graduated from a driving school, pass the exam the first time. Thus, the average yield between the rights and buying a car passes about 7 years.
￼￼V Japan can not just save money and buy a car. To buy a personal car the Japanese will have to prove that he is able to use it without causing ￼neudobstv others. Therefore, one of the basic requirements - availability of personal ￼parkovochnogo place located in a radius of not more than 2 km from the house. Parking space is often ￼arenduyut. Is it worth something like one-bedroom apartment in the same area. The Japanese refer to this ￼trebovaniyu more understanding, one of my friends, even the Japanese believed that ￼prodavat car without a parking space - this is how to sell weapons without a license (here ￼logicheskaya connection may not be obvious for non-Japanese).
It is not only the availability of parking space, but also its size. When you submit the documents to the police, you need to provide a drawing of your parking. A police officer can not allow you to buy a brand new SUV, if it considers that your car park is too small for him.
In the yards of all parking marked:
Nearly every place a plaque with the name of the place holder. Just because you can not put the car here.
For rent space in the courtyard in the center of Tokyo can cost $ 500 a month. If someone accidentally put the car on your place, then you can safely call the police. Villain evacuated.
If the area around the house is fenced and tenants do not mind, you can afford some liberties:
Bicycle and car parking near the apartment building:
When building a house is usually just make the required number of parking spaces. Since the place is small, some places duplex:
￼Obyazatelnye costs do not end there. Here it should be mentioned that in Japan there are two types of cars - conventional and light. Light machine designated ￼nomernymi yellow signs, but in fact they are almost always guess you can just to look at. In strict ￼trebovaniya in size and weight of almost no one is trying to write a nice design, and as a result they look like clumsy parallelepiped on wheels. Instead freaks ￼nalogovye drivers receive insurance benefits and sometimes access to the territory, which denied entry ￼mashinam usual, and, of course, approving glances of fellow citizens. Typical light car
Small is not always easy, it has got a standard white room.
Next, you need to buy third party liability insurance (about $ 300) and is very highly recommended further that almost all do. Then fill and assure more ￼million papers and get the keys. Next is fairly standard obligations. Annual ￼nalog costs $ 100-500, depending on the machine, also every two years is necessary to pass ￼obyazatelny technical inspection, which will cost at the beginning of $ 1000-2000, but older than ￼avtomobil, the higher the figure, and a -That moment it becomes more profitable to just buy a new ￼mashinu. This explains the fact that in Japan, there is almost no old cars. If the old machine will not turn resell, you will have to pay a decent amount for its disposal. Fortunately, ￼rossiyane (and not only) save his neighbors from these unnecessary costs.
To all this we should add that in Japan is quite expensive gasoline and parking, with the possibility of free ￼priparkovatsya virtually none.
Parking in Japan deserve special attention. Of course, first of all we are talking about heavily populated cities. If you travel outside of the major cities, you can see that in ￼Yaponii actually have large houses, wide roads, and in general everything is quite ￼prostorno. In cities all exactly the opposite, so irresponsibly abandoned by the wayside ￼avtomobil can paralyze the movement, and then the worst happens - Japanese ￼na be late to work. By the way, be justified by the fact that you are late because of the traffic jams, then do not get any. ￼uzh better to say that the train was delayed.
￼Parkovki divided into municipal and private, and it is assumed that the street parking should be municipal. This may be a special marked area on the side of the road or outside the territory ￼otdelnaya carriageway (almost always with parking meters). In the first case, the parking ￼chasche all free, but still have a special machine, where you need to pay ￼administrativny collection.
The resulting need to secure a ticket under the windshield on ￼zametnom place. Parking time is strictly limited, usually 40 or 60 minutes, more than this ￼pridetsya pay a fine.
In the parking lot on the territory allocated by the hour. Once ￼mashina stops under it immediately grows a special design that ￼blokiruet wheel. Leave without pay will not work.
There is another option with the front barrier:
In some cases, the payment ceases to accrue during the night, but you can leave the car just before 3 am, then it will take ￼evakuator.
Tokyo - one of the cities with the highest parking prices in the world. At best, anywhere you can find a place for the dollar on the far outskirts of the hour. Near the center of this ￼summa varies between $ 3-6. Shopping malls and other establishments often offer discounts on parking, depending on how much you have spend money. ￼za usually about $ 50 you can get 2 free hours. In addition there are indoor and underground parking ￼munitsipalnye.
According to city planners, local authorities are obliged to provide the necessary minimum of parking spaces, as well as the forward part of the income on ￼pomosch development of private parking.
￼Chastnye parking often layered, sometimes it looks like a tower with no windows and only gate, where they are driving a car and then a wonderful lift somewhere on it removes ￼verhnyuyu shelf (sometimes asked to leave nothing in the car, because it can kak ￼neestestvenno the pan or tilt along the way). On the floor in front of the entrance is almost always ￼est special drive that expands the car in the right direction, not to ￼prishlos go back to the busy street.
And, of course, for greater security ￼pristavlen uncle flashing stick, which will all ask for forgiveness for what you ￼sozdaete noise, rolling his car from the parking lot.
On the less busy streets sometimes are simply iron multistory shelves, undisguised.
￼Borba with parking hares being very active, though, it seems to be here, and with a strong desire no place to just stop the car. But if you still do so, then wait a long time ￼pridetsya, on the windshield immediately appear red warning label, which already ￼oboydetsya at $ 100-200.
Further, if the driver does not come to its senses, then in a couple of hours the machine is on shtrafstoyanke and penalty will increase significantly. Track illegally parked ￼mashiny was much better after 2006 it was allowed to engage in ￼chastnym companies. They generously handed out stickers and cause tow.
￼K mopeds and bicycles are much more friendly attitude, but the rule of thumb is not interference around ￼sozdavat applies to them. With the moped story complex, they are not so ￼mnogo (for Asian countries), so the attention paid to them, too, not so much. Mopeds ￼chasto suffer from a lack of specially equipped parking. Since bicycles are much simpler, they must be parked either in the dedicated parking areas or in special slots on the street, ￼kotorye block the front wheel and do not let go until you pay. Pro bikes will be a separate post, which explain in detail about the hard life of Japanese cyclists.
In general, the whole point of private vehicles adjustment is not to prevent people from driving cars, and to not let them go by car to the city center ￼i lively areas. Therefore, accordingly, the closer to the center, the higher the price and less ￼parkovochnyh places. This explains the presence of numerous taxis. Easier to pay for a taxi ￼po center than for parking. And the taxi drivers parked only on especially ￼otvedennyh territories. ￼Sistema interceptor parking garages in Tokyo is not as relevant as railway stations and network dense enough to go far to the station practically no one has. On ￼okrainnyh stations always have a large parking lot, where it is possible for a modest payment to rent a place for a month.
Owning a private car in Japan is expensive. The whole system of restrictions has led to the fact that the Japanese are very responsible attitude not only to the purchase of the car, but also to each trip. The Japanese always have a choice - either get expensive by private car, or even more quickly and cheaply, but by public transport. Public transport in Japan is indeed very cool to work. But before you write about overloaded Moscow metro, in which you do not want to go, do not forget that in the Tokyo subway in rush hour does not look better than ours