How does the electric Tesla
Since then, I saw a year ago, the transmission dedicated to this machine, we can say that it has become a dream of mine. Just think - no electric car that needs to be fed every day, rising in price of gasoline or diesel engine, which does not pollute the environment and which is recognized as the most reliable and eco-friendly car in the world!
So, before you a short story about the electric Tesla Model S.
When I learned that one of the copies of the legendary electric appeared in Moscow, I decided to meet with the owner and see the car first hand, however, it proved to be very popular among fans of electric vehicles and the environmental movement, because I found her at the event on the Protection of Environment environment.
A bit of talk about the car: Tesla Model S - the five-door electric car produced by the American company Tesla Motors. The prototype was first shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2009. Car shipments to the United States began in June 2012. The company calls up your car with this type of body "fastback" which we know as the "hatch".
Prices Model S starts from 62, 4 thousand dollars and go up to 87, 4 thousand dollars (US). The most expensive option - a car with a power reserve is almost 425 kilometers, able to recruit "hundreds" of 4, 2 seconds.
In the first quarter of 2013 in the United States has sold 4,750 copies of the Tesla Model S. The model thus became the best-selling luxury sedan, ahead of, in particular, Mercedes-Benz S-Class and BMW 7 Series. The breakthrough came in Europe. In Norway, the first two weeks in September 2013 Tesla Model S - the most sold car (322 pcs), bypassed Volkswagen Golf (256 pcs). Under the hood there is anything that we are used to seeing in a car with an internal combustion engine. Here, instead, the trunk.
the back of the same. The trunk is quite bulky, if you wish you can install child seats facing face to the glass.
According to US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of the charge of the lithium ion battery capacity of 85 kWh is enough for 426 km, allowing Model S overcome the greatest distance from the available electric market. Initially, Tesla had plans to start in 2013, production of cars with battery capacity of 60 kWh (335 km) and 40 kWh (260 km), but because of the low demand of the model was 40 kWh abandoned. Basic model S uses liquid cooling AC motor which generates 362 horsepower.
The basis of the vehicle battery (16 blocks them) is approximately 7 tysyach penlight batteries stacked with a particular distribution of positive and negative contacts, which is kept secret.
In June 2013 the company has demonstrated the possibility of recharge Model S by the automatic battery replacement. During the demonstration, it was shown that the conversion procedure takes about 90 seconds, which is more than twice as fast as filling a full tank of similar petrol car. According to the president of Elon Musk, the "slow" (20-30 minutes) Battery Charging Model S at the filling stations of the company will remain free, while the quick-change will cost the owner of the car in the amount of approximately $ 60-80, which is about the cost of a full tank petrol.
A Look into the machine. Instead of the usual instrument panel, there is an LCD monitor that all the required function keys and information about the operating condition of the vehicle.
At the moment, the car is charged, and instead of the speedometer displays information about how electric charged, and how many kilometers is enough of its stroke. Instead of the tachometer display data displayed ammeter.
Behind quite spacious.
Windows on the door without frames.
Turning on - a symbol of the company Tesla Motors, concise and beautiful.
How do I charge the Tesla?
The simple answer - simple and easy. Simple math and basic electrical course, 8th grade middle school.
Remember that the power expressed in kW and equal to the force current in amps multiplied by the voltage in volts. A car battery capacity is equal to or 60 kWh or 85 kWh, depending on the modification. And remember that the staff working in the charger 100-240V 50-60Hz range. Problems with the Russian electricity grid no. The main three phases do not apply, but the abstract without an electrician John Doe with this problem can not cope, and unintelligent electrical in nature are extremely rare, natural selection is all business.
So we go. A bunch of options.
Option 1. Always and everywhere.
Regular power supply, conventional 220V outlet.
12 ampere, 220 volt 2.5KVt = approx.
Fully charge the battery - one and a half days (indicated for large batteries 85, for a small share in the specified time and a half).
It is important to have a working "land" on the socket, without it does not work.
The technical complexity - all connectors are on the charger overseas standards.
The decision - either an adapter with an American outlet for Russian (Chinese adapters for iPhones do not work, they are flimsy, let them just scared 12A) or banal twist. Clings to the connectors on the American twist cut off from the towel warmer or microwave cable and plug. Works.
Option 2: Cheap and cheerful.
The second connector charger. Standard NEMA 14-50, American power outlet.
Take US socket NEMA 14-50 standard (it is important to take care to buy in advance, it is better to reserve a dozen), call an electrician. We ask or demand to give 50 amperes per phase.
Depending on the degree of motivation and motivation electrician and possibly energy, we obtain or 25A or 32A or 40A.
More electrician puts on the wall beforehand stored the American outlet and connect it. Electricians that are trained, switching does not cause problems. switching circuit looking at wikipedia.
The result - a full charging time is reduced to 18/14/11 hours.
Already a lot better, the battery is charged per night.
How does the charging options 1 and 2?
I opened the trunk. Pulled charger. Inserted into the outlet, wait to run the green lights. Inserted into the machine, I wait until the flashing green. I went to sleep. A minute and a half on everything about everything.
Not sure of the possibility of outdoor installation. Visually IP44 not seem real - it is necessary to read the specification. Options to get out there for sure.
Option 3. Wall connector.
Process of organization almost completely similar to the embodiment 2.
- the electricians and the men put the combat mission to provide 80 amps per phase. Perhaps men with this problem can not cope, it's a lot 80A. Then we can restrict 40A.
- instead of NEMA 14-50 outlet on the wall hangs a wall charger.
the charging procedure is greatly simplified. Removed from the wall plug, stuck in the car, I went to sleep. 15 seconds and no wires under your feet.
Charging time (if it is possible to organize 80A) is reduced to 5-6 hours. Street performance - yes. Protection IP44.
An important point - make sure when ordering that Tesla is able to charge current 80A. If you can not - the question could potentially be solved by replacing the charging unit in Tesla. But he dorogushchy easier to not buy this, and the other the Tesla, where unit costs normally.
Apart for living in the country also have the option of charging a single-phase diesel. Features absolutely no, switching easily cope electrician.
While this is all there is.
Is no supercharger in Russia (110kW power charges for 40 minutes) or station battery swap (change the battery with a new charged for 2 minutes). All will be. A year or two at most. No technical difficulties there, particularly in the supercharger.
What else should be considered?
That the actual consumption of electricity in the street racing mode (in other words on it until you go) is 1.5 times higher than normal. The stock is not 400 km respectively, and 250-300.
The real day run around the city - in the range of 100-150 km. In the region of 150-200 km drive. Accordingly, each day you need to charge more than the whole battery and half or 2/3. And not 10 hours, and 5-6-7.
It's all. No more features and revelations.
Just put every night to charge iPhone, aypad, MacBook and Tesla.