The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

• The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

Ermak - icebreaker Russian and Soviet navies. The world's first Arctic icebreaker class.

Icebreaker "Ermak"

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

In November 1897 the government allocates money for the construction of the icebreaker and the commission, headed by Admiral Makarov starts to develop technical specifications. The commission was Mendeleev, NI engineers Jankowski and RI Runeberg, FF Wrangell and others.

Icebreaker "Ermak" on the stocks

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

The icebreaker was built at Newcastle on the stocks of the British firm Armstrong Whitworth in December 1897 by order of Russia. It was the world's first ship of this class, capable to force heavy ice two meters thick. "Ermak" was launched one month after the contract period and after factory testing was put into operation.

Icebreaker "Ermak" sea trials

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

MP Vasiliev, the first commander of the icebreaker "Ermak" in 1898 - 1901.

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

February 19, 1899 the ship was raised by a commercial flag ( "Ermak" was attached to the Ministry of Finance and in the not part of the Navy). February 21 icebreaker came to his home in the Gulf of Finland was waiting for a solid ice (in the winter ice in the bay was extremely heavy thickness up to a meter). March 1 reached the edge of the ice. For a while icebreaker it moved very easily at a speed of 7 knots, but in the area of ​​the island of Hogland ship stopped: the ice field was too heavy, he had to crawl. March 4 the ship arrived in Kronstadt. The ship was met with a special celebration: a confluence of people, a military band, a high acceptance.

"Ermak" in the harbor coming to a parking lot. 4 (15) in March 1899, Kronstadt.

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

But 9 March icebreaker went on his first assignment - came the news of zatortyh Revel around 11 steamers. The ships were successfully rescued and escorted to the port. April 4 at two o'clock, "Ermak", easy to break the ice stood beside Nevsky Nicholas bridge in the capital of the empire. Icebreaker "Ermak" in St. Petersburg

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

May 29, 1899 "Ermak" again came from Newcastle to the north - in his first trip to the Arctic Ocean. Svalbard has been made, the test was the machine mechanisms in harsh Arctic conditions.

The crew of "Ermak"

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

The identified shortcomings were eliminated in England for a month (remove the front screw, fortified enclosure). June 14 the same year, "Ermak" again came out in a polar voyage. The crew, led by Makarov great scientific work on studying northern ice, oceanography, ocean life has been spent. One day, stumbled on the ridges, the ship was holed, which was embedded, but the ship could not continue intensive research and returned to England for repairs.

Icebreaker "Ermak". The descent of divers to inspect the hull

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

The diver "Ermak"

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

Icebreaker "Ermak". Replacing the bow. England 1900.

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

There was a commission for analysis of the causes of the incident, which resulted in the decision to work only icebreaker in the Gulf of Finland. Here in the winter 1899-1900, the "Ermak" managed to rescue cruiser "Stormbreaker", which ran aground and was zatort ice between St. Petersburg and Kronstadt.

Icebreaker "Ermak" comes to the rescue

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

He took an active part in the salvation of the battleship "General-Admiral Apraksin", which ran aground near the island of Hogland. During this action, "Ermak" for the first time in the world has found the use of the invention of the Russian scientist Alexander Popov - wireless. Due to the ship's radio communication with the coast (Kotka) was rescued by a group of Gone with the fishermen on an ice floe.

Icebreaker "Ermak" saves battleship "General-Admiral Apraksin"

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

During the Russian-Japanese War "Ermak", breaking the ice in the port of Libau, had a squadron of Rear Admiral Nebogatov to clean water, opening her way to the Far East. For the first 12 years of operation in ice icebreaker spent more than a thousand days. Icebreaker "Ermak" on the Neve 1910

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

Icebreaker "Ermak" in Neve. 1912.

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

November 14, 1914 the icebreaker was enrolled in the Baltic Fleet, and continued to carry out the wiring ships in the Gulf. When in February 1918 the German troops came to Revel, the icebreaker brought from the port all able to move ships and brought them to Helsinki.

Icebreaker "Ermak"

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

Soon after the march from Helsingfors to Kronstadt "Ermak", together with other icebreakers had 211 warships, auxiliary and commercial vessels through the Gulf of Finland. The head of the campaign and at the same time namorsi Baltic Fleet - kaperang Shchastny thereby saved all the fighting core of the Baltic Fleet. For participation in the "ice hike", "Ermak" was awarded an honorary revolutionary red banner of the Central Executive Committee. Shchastny shot.

After this icebreaker returned to civilian service and in the years 1920-1930 provided the transportation of goods in the Baltic Sea, in the Arctic and the White Sea.

Icebreaker "Ermak"

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class The world's first icebreaker Arctic class The world's first icebreaker Arctic class The world's first icebreaker Arctic class The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

On the deck "Ermak"

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

crew members

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

Cabins campaign "Ermak"

The world's first icebreaker Arctic class

M. Nikolaev. Against the background of the bridge, "Ermak" 1899-1900 gg.