The French Montpellier Walk
• Walk on the French Montpellier
invite-hour walk on the Montpellier - that is how much time I had on the examination of the historical center. One hour - a little, but better than nothing.
Montpellier has a relatively short history of the official and, unlike many other French cities in the region, does not have the Roman "background". The town was first mentioned in documents only in 985. Since then, and until the 12th century, the city was ruled by the family Gyuilhem feudal dynasty of Toulouse.
In the 13th century, Montpellier began to develop as an important trading center. He became a popular stop on the way for pilgrims traveling to the north.
The most famous city received as a trading place spices.
In the 14th century, Montpellier came under the control of the King of France - Philippe VI. In those days the city was considered one of France's most important cities.
Montpellier has a rich history in the field of education. The local university is one of the oldest universities in France. In 1180 Guillaume VIII of, being the ruler of Montpellier, allowed to practice and teach in medicine. After a few decades here have opened schools of law, philosophy, theology and fine arts. Finally, in 1289 Pope Nicholas IV established on the basis of these faculties nowadays existing university.
Today Montpellier University, along with Paris and the University of Strasbourg, is one of the largest in France. In the departments of the three modern universities of Montpellier are trained over 60 thousand people. It turns out that every fourth resident of the city - the student.
In the 16th century Montpellier welcomed one of the most famous students - Nostradamus - the astronomer, who later became known for his prophecies.
What else is famous for Montpellier? The history of the town is closely linked with the emergence of such an invention, like a parachute. December 26, 1783 Louis-Sébastien Lenormand (pioneer parachutist) jumped from the tower of the observatory of Montpellier with the first prototype of a parachute. Many believe that it was the first successful witnessed the descent by parachute.
Montpellier is one of the oldest botanical gardens in Europe, which was opened by Henry IV in 1593.
The historic town center consists of narrow, narrow streets dating back to the 10th century. Old Town is also called Ekyusson its pentagonal shape (ecusson - pentagonal escutcheon).
Old Town - a very pleasant place to stroll. Sun, reflected from the yellow walls of the city, fills the streets pleasant glow.
In the maze of narrow streets hiding small stylish shops with handcrafted goods, jewelery, souvenirs.