History of Yosemite National Park

California, Yosemite National Park, established October 1, 1890, it was closed: the US is experiencing the most serious crisis of the state in the last 17 years.

Today we remember the story of one of the most famous national parks of America.

History of Yosemite National Park

Why closed Yosemite National Park?

This was not in the United States since 1996. In the holiday shipped over 800,000 of the nearly 2 million federal employees. Museums were closed, all the national parks and other federal agencies. The ships left funds for 10 days. The US government has partially suspended the work of state institutions, as Republicans and Democrats failed to overcome differences on the budget. 18.5 thous. Of 55.5 thousand. US Department of Transportation employees are sent on unpaid leave.

The inscription "All national parks are closed":

History of Yosemite National Park

The Pentagon said it might be forced to send on vacation about 400 thousand. Civilian personnel to defer the execution of military contracts, as well as training activities. budget cuts affected the US Navy - the ships have rarely go to sea, the pilots fly less. Gone 97% of NASA employees: on the job there were only 6 astronauts and cosmonauts in orbit. Mars rover Curiosity on the suspension of the work of the government will remain in "protective sleep mode" and will not work to the collection of information about Mars.

While the postal service and pensions are paid. Medical services will be suspended, when it comes to patients of hospitals and ambulances. This is the most serious crisis of the state in the last 17 years.

Created Yosemite National Park - October 1, 1890. This picture was taken before its opening in 1887.

History of Yosemite National Park

Yosemite Valley in 1865. It takes only 1% of the total territory of the modern fleet, but that's where the majority of visitors flock to today.

History of Yosemite National Park

So ​​far, there is a debate among historians as to who was the first European to see the Yosemite Valley. In the fall of 1833, Joseph Walker Reddeford perhaps the first to see the valley - in his later writings he explained that led a group of hunters who crossed the Sierra Nevada Mountains and came close to the edge of the valley, which went down "for more than a mile."

Left - Theodore Roosevelt (25th US vice president, the 26th US president in 1901-1909) in Yosemite Park, California, 1903.

History of Yosemite National Park

A part of the Sierra Nevada, where the park is located, has long been considered the border settlements in Europe, traders, hunters and travelers. However, this status was changed in 1848 with the discovery of gold deposits in the foothills to the west. From this point on the trading activity in the area has increased dramatically as a result of triggering the California Gold Rush. Newcomers began to destroy natural resources, due to which the Indian tribes lived.

1865.

History of Yosemite National Park

As a result of the sharp increase in the flow of immigrants during the gold rush began to appear armed conflicts with local tribes.

Buffalo Soldiers in modern-day Yosemite Park, 1899.

History of Yosemite National Park

Entrepreneur James Hachings artist Thomas Aires and two other travelers were the first tourists of the valley, arrived here in 1855. Hachings issued booklets and books describing his tour, and drawings Aires became the first professional pictures of local attractions. It was during the early tourism.

1902.

History of Yosemite National Park

ultiple prominent people, including Senator John Konnessa, interested in commercial success tourist business and came up with the idea of ​​creating a public park in the valley. June 30, 1864, US President Abraham Lincoln signed before Congress approved a document called Yosemite Grant. Unexpected frame: the sailors in the hospital, located in Yosemite National Park. The fact that the hotel in the park was converted into a hospital during World War II. Photo 1944.

History of Yosemite National Park

Excessive grazing on pastures (mainly sheep), logging Sequoia trees and other activities to the detriment of nature, forced to carry out an act of Congress, which is October 1, 1890 gave the national park status.

Trout fishing in the Merced River, which runs through Yosemite Valley, California, August 12, 1943.

History of Yosemite National Park

a public service designed to look after the park was established in 1916. They were built roads, lodges and campsites along the lake. With the development of traffic to the park highways were built. In 1920 it was founded the Yosemite Museum.

Yosemite National Park, July 24, 1944.

History of Yosemite National Park

In the early XX century, environmentalists convinced Congress to recognize the 2742 sq. km, or 89% of the entire fleet of the protected natural area with the highest degree of protection. As a result, visitors were not allowed to visit a large area of ​​the park.

From ancient times, bicycles are a popular means of transportation in Yosemite National Park, July 8, 1952.

History of Yosemite National Park

"The Savages" with his trailer park, 8 July 1952.

History of Yosemite National Park

2 210 meters above sea level. Yosemite National Park, July 8, 1952.

History of Yosemite National Park

Queen Elizabeth II during her visit to Yosemite National Park, 5 March 1983.

History of Yosemite National Park

A long time ago, during the early Paleozoic era (beginning 541 million years ago and lasted about 289 million years), the territory of modern park is located on the continental margin.

History of Yosemite National Park

Some 10 million years ago, the Sierra Nevada Mountains rose and then bent in such a way that the western slope became less steep, and the east, a converted toward the mainland, more steep. The rise has increased the slope of the water flow and river beds, resulting in forming a deep and narrow canyons. About a million years ago, at the tops of the accumulated snow and ice has formed in the area of ​​modern subalpine and alpine zones glaciers, thus lowering the river valley downhill. In the first ice age ice glaciers thickness amounted to 1200 m. Vernal Falls - a large waterfall on the Merced River in the bottom of the waterfall Nevada in Yosemite National Park, USA. The waterfall is 96.62 meters.

History of Yosemite National Park

The famous waterfall "horse's tail". By itself, the waterfall particularly unremarkable, but for 2 weeks in a year in February, he is transformed: the setting sun turns it into a fiery waterfall.

History of Yosemite National Park

Almost the entire territory of the park is composed of granitic rocks of the Sierra Nevada batholith. The remaining approximately 5% of the park consist of volcanic and sedimentary rocks. As a result of the erosion of a variety of rocks, tectonic uplift and experienced attendant faults appeared valleys, canyons and other landforms that we see today.

History of Yosemite National Park

The most powerful erosive force over the past few million years has become a gathering of glaciers in the alpine zone, resulting in the original V-shaped river valleys turned into U-shaped glacial canyons (such as Yosemite Valley and Hetch Hetchy,).

History of Yosemite National Park

Sovyata. In various natural landscapes of the park, from the thickets of thorny shrubs in the foothills and up to alpine meadows on mountain tops, there are over 250 species of animals, which include fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Great biodiversity compared to other nearby regions explains the untouched wilderness where human activity does not contribute to their disappearance.

History of Yosemite National Park

Each year, the park is visited by about 3 million people; most stops only in Yosemite Valley.

History of Yosemite National Park

Lynx in Yosemite National Park. By the way, this is the most northerly of the feline species; in Scandinavia it is found even in the Arctic Circle.

History of Yosemite National Park

The granite rocks of the park, occupy 95% of the territory.

History of Yosemite National Park

Deer.

History of Yosemite National Park

Yosemite Valley. On the park there are thousands of lakes and ponds, 2,600 rivers and streams, 1,300 km of hiking trails and 560 km of roads.

History of Yosemite National Park

In spite of the rich vegetation and the conservation measures adopted in the recent past are 3 types of fauna found in the park, completely died out, and 37 more have a special status in either California or the federal list of species threatened with extinction. The most serious threats to the wildlife of Yosemite are now forest fires.

History of Yosemite National Park

In the park in a restricted area is a large number of waterfalls.

History of Yosemite National Park

In Vernal Falls.

History of Yosemite National Park

Yosemite Valley, Yosemite National Park, 2009.