7 weapons Russian warrior
From clubs to anti-aircraft missile complex - Russian weapon has always been the enemies of fear and trembling.
is true or a fairy tale, but the Russian heroes could be cut in half by the sword of the enemy with his horse. Not surprisingly, Russian swords conducted a real "hunting". However, unlike the sword, extracted from the enemy in battle, blade withdrawn from the mound never brought luck to its owner. To forge the sword could afford only the wealthy warriors. The most famous example, in the IX century, the blacksmith was considered Lyutoda. Master hammered upscale damask unique swords. But mostly all the same swords made foreign masters, and the most popular were the Carolingian swords, the blade of which is preferably a steel blade-welding on the metal substrate. Warriors armed with modest means cheaper tselnozheleznymi swords. Blade weapons allowed valleys, which facilitated his weight and increased strength. Over time, the swords have become shorter (up to 86 cm) and a little lighter (up to a kilogram), which is not surprising: just try and chop 30 minutes polutorakilogrammovym meter sword. True, there are especially hardy combatants who wielded the sword dvuhkilogrammovy 120 cm. Weapons invested in the upholstered in leather or velvet sheath, which is decorated with gold or silver notches. Each sword received at "birth" of the name: Basilisk, Gorynya, Kitovras and others.
"Saber sharper, and the matter of the dispute"
With the IX-X century Russian war, mainly horse, begin to use a lighter and "prompt" the sword that comes to our ancestors from the nomads. By the XIII century saber "wins" not just the south and south-east of Russia, but also to its northern limits. Sabers noble warriors were decorated with gold, black and silver. The first saber Russian soldiers reached the meter length of curvature reached 4, 5 cm. To the XIII century saber drawn to 10-17 cm, and the curvature of times reaches up to 7 cm. This curvature allows to put a glancing blow from which were longer and deeper wounds. Most sabers were all steel, forged from billets of carburized iron, and then subjected to repeated tempering at a very complex technology. Sometimes we did not monolithic blades - two strips welded or welded into one lane to another. By XVII century in the course of sabers were both domestic and imported. However, our masters were equal to the Foreigners in the first place, the Turks.
"a stunning blow"
Kisten appeared in Russia in the X century and firmly held its position until the XVII century. The most common weapon was a short whip with a belt attached to the end of the ball. Sometimes the ball "decorated" spikes. Austrian diplomat Herberstein Here is a description bludgeon Grand Prince Vasily III: "on the back of his belt Prince had a special weapon - a stick a little longer than the elbow, to which arrived leather belt on its edge is the mace in the form of a stump, decorated on all sides with gold ". Bludgeon at his weight of 250 grams was excellent light weapons, which proves to be very handy in the thick of the fight. Nimble and sudden blow to shelomu (helmet) of the enemy, and the road is clear. Hence originates the verb "numb". In general, our soldiers were able to suddenly "amazing" enemy.
"War Ax noggin, Motel gut"
In Russia, the ax was used primarily on foot warriors. On the butt axes a solid and long spike, often bent down, by means of which the warrior easily pulling off the enemy from his horse. Generally, the ax can be considered a form of ax - a very common slashing weapons. They owned all axes: and the princes and princely combatants and militias as hiking and horseback riding. The only difference is that the foot soldiers preferred the heavy ax, and horse - hatchet. Another type of ax is poleax which armed infantry. This weapon is the length of the blade is fitted on the same long ax handle. So, in the XVI century archers revolted with such arms.
"There would be a mace will head"
and parent clubs and maces can be regarded as a club - the ancient Russian weapons of "mass destruction". Cudgel preferred militia and rebellious people. For example, in the army of Pugachev were people, armed only with clubs, which they easily crumbled skull enemies. Top clubs were made not anyhow from a tree, and oak, at worst - of elm or birch, while taking the most solid place where the stem passed into the roots. To enhance the destructive force of its clubs "decorated" with nails. This club does not slip too! Mace also represents the next "evolutionary step" blunt tip (pommel) which were made of copper alloy, and poured into the lead. Mace mace differs from the geometry of the backplate: pear-shaped profiled arms in the hands of heroes - a mace, a weapon with a cubic pommel, "decorated" large triangular spines - a mace.
"Hand fighters chop tired"
Spear - a universal weapon, military and hunting. Spear constituted fitted on a solid steel shaft (damask) or iron tip. The length of the spear reached 3 meters. Sometimes part of the shaft into the metal shackle that the enemy was not able to cut the spear. Interestingly, the tip can reach half a meter in length, and there were cases of the application of a "sword" on a stick, with which not only pricked, but also cut. We loved spears and horsemen, but they used a different method of warfare than medieval knights. It should be noted that the ramming attack appeared in Russia only in the XII century, which was caused by the worsening of armor. Up to this point the riders stabbed from above, pre strongly swinging arm. For throwing warriors used Sulitsa - light spears up to one and a half meters. Sulitsa by its striking effect was something between a spear and arrow released from a bow.
"taut bow - the heart of each"
Possession onions require special virtuosity. No wonder a Royal children every day practicing, archery at stumps. Often archers hand wrapped rawhide strap, thus avoiding significant injury - embarrassing released boom takes with him an impressive piece of skin from the meat. On average, the archers shot at 100-150 meters, and with great diligence arrow would fly twice as far. In the middle of the XIX century during the excavation of the mound in the county Bronnitsky found the burial of a warrior in the right temple is firmly sat down iron arrowheads. Scientists have suggested that the warrior was killed by an archer ambush. The chronicles described striking speed at which the boom archers released. There was even a saying "Shoot like a lock to do" - arrows flew with such frequency that they formed a solid line. Bow and arrow have been an integral part of the allegorical speech, "like an arrow from a bow spryanula" means "quickly went away" when they said "like an arrow from a bow," mean "right." But the "Singing Arrow" - this is not a metaphor, but a reality: on the arrowhead to make the holes, which gave certain sounds in flight.