The new anti-aircraft missile system S-350 "Vityaz"
• The new anti-aircraft missile system S-350 "Hero"
At the last regular Moscow in Zhukovsky Aerospace samlone MAX 2013 OJSC "Concern PVO" Almaz-Antey "for the first time introduced a new anti-aircraft missile system of medium-range S-350" Hero ", which uses a series of missiles 9M96. The complex is put in the "export" form under the symbol C-350E.
According to the latest information on the army we have to be made 38 sets of divisional SAM "Hero". This figure is in good agreement with the plans for the construction of 2 new factories in Kirov and Nizhny Novgorod, focused on the serial production of missile systems and radar next generations.
SAM "Hero" - a Russian missile system of a new generation of medium-range action. OCD on this project began in 2007, after the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation was demonstrated working model of medium-range air defense missile systems KM-SAM produced for delivery to South Korea for your award GSKB "Almaz-Antey" international tender. If we talk about the Russian version. The creation of a working design documentation for the project took place in 2011, in 2012 is planned to create a prototype, and in 2013 appointed the completion of state tests complex.
The new SAM system is a self-propelled launcher that works in conjunction with vserakursnym fixed radar with electronic scanning of space and the command post on the basis of a special vehicle chassis BAZ. The ammunition of the complex may be expected to enter the medium-range missiles 9M96 / 9M96E used in the S-400 and small rocket 9M100 range. There is also information about what version of the aircraft ground air combat SD medium-range R-77 (P-77ZRK) can be used in the complex.
According to the Chief of the Russian Air Force Colonel General Alexander Zelin, the combat capabilities of air defense missile systems, "Knight" several times surpass opportunities facing armed with air defense systems S-300. Based on available information, one launcher SAM "Knight" can carry missiles 12 (according to other missiles to 16), against 4 anti-aircraft missiles are installed on the complex C-300PS. Also, the new complex will have an increased number of targeted channels that will allow him to simultaneously monitor and make fire more goals.
Work on the new air defense system of the complex started in the GSKB Concern PVO "Almaz-Antey" in the early 90-ies of the last century. This practice, in which the construction work of advanced systems are conducted when there are still quite current modern complexes, to our KB is common. In this case, the support and the state's interest in the development of the complex is not much strengthened by money. Performs work in virtually "own initiative" concern helps a good export revenue. According to CEO Igor GSKB Ashurbeyli, concern was able to reach the state of war and only in the 2000s, as more than 50 of the S-300PS will simply be written off with the weapons by 2015 due to advances deadlines operation. All facilities will be decommissioned recycled.
According to Igor Ashurbeyli, the latest S-300PS were produced for the Russian army in 1994. Ever since these complexes are made only for export. Immediately stopped and new export orders for the complex. S-300 was designed to defend large industrial and administrative facilities, command posts and communications, naval bases from the blows of air and space attack the enemy. According to the CEO GSKB, replacing the S-300PS in the armed forces to the new SAM "Knight" could begin in 2013-2014. Tighten the adoption of a new complex on the arms could funding problems, but in the light of the adoption of the state program in Russian arms purchases until 2020 at a rate of more than 20 trillion. rubles, this option seems unlikely. Therefore, in 2-3 years, S-300PS will be removed from combat duty due to the completion of their useful life. At the same time, if by that time SAMs "Knight" will not be created in the system of air defense of the capital may have serious flaws. Although experts say, and are armed with S-300PM, which can stand in service before 10 years, and here the problem lies only in the fact that they are in the army are relatively few - only a few divisions.
Work on the creation of a new complex headway after when the "Almaz-Antey" has won an international tender by the French and the Americans to create air defense complex in South Korea. Financing of development work carried out by the customer, making it possible not to close the project. While many defense enterprises survived only due to export orders. Korean program will not only continue to work on the creation of the complex, but also to gain invaluable access to the latest technology as well as South Korea did not limit workers of the Russian Bureau of access to imported elemental base, helping to develop the work with her.
An example of creating a complex "Hero" when to strengthen the basic work on the project had for 5 years, once again proves that the gaps in care for the country's defense can have very unfortunate consequences. At that time, while officials and the power to lull themselves with pride for the achievements of the Soviet period and boasted features C-300, which enjoyed good demand abroad, it appears that early versions of the complex no longer meet today's realities and technical resources available to the troops complexes close to wear. Work on the new complex of SAM "Hero", which intensified in 2007, is unique in record time. Previously, these tasks were solved in 5 years only in times of Lavrenty Beria, when "Diamond" in such a short time has managed to make the first S-25 for the air defense of Moscow.
The story of the creation of the complex - a lesson for the future, which proves that rest on their laurels, taking advantage of backlog of the previous generations, will not work. Since failure to act in this may cause a serious lag in the future. In this case, there is reason for optimism, as the margin of Soviet enterprises and design bureaus was enough to even after a long period of carelessness not to start from scratch, and continue to be at the leading technological position in the world, though not without unexpected aid to South Korea.
The self-propelled launcher 50P6E S-350E "Hero" with 12 surface-to-air missile on display 9M96E2 MAKS 2013.
Multifunction Radar 50N6E S-350E "Hero" in the exhibition MAKS 2013.
Paragraph command and control 50K6E S-350E "Hero" in the exhibition MAKS 2013.
Advertising poster S-350E "Hero" in the air show exhibition.
SAM "Thor M2KM" in a modular design in the form of autonomous combat unit 9M331MK-1 Indian vehicle chassis TATA 8x8 in exposure MAKS 2013.
Freight loading vehicle 9T244K on Indian car TATA chassis 6x6 from the SAM "Tor-M2KM" in a modular design in the exhibition airshow
The battery command post on the Indian car TATA chassis 6x6 from the SAM "Tor-M2KM" in a modular design
Advertising poster SAM "Tor-M2KM" in modular design as a standalone module combat 9M331MK-1 on the Indian car TATA chassis 8x8