Animals big, small animals
• Animals large and small animals
Most of the known types of animals more or less simultaneously appeared in the Cambrian period, about 542 million years ago. Today we share with them our planet, traditionally considering themselves apart by using the turnover "animals, including humans."
Zebras at the Beijing Zoo. In fact, a zebra - black with white stripes, and not vice versa.
Seal in an aquarium in Osaka. There are about 20 species of seals.
A pair of rose-ringed parakeet chicks. Rose-ringed parakeet is one of the most common in captive parrots. It has the ability to memorize and mimic human speech and other sounds, even though this ability is not as highly developed as in some other parrots. From 1990-1991, the trade in all kinds of birds in India ban.
A baby chameleon on a branch in a zoo in Germany. Fame is characteristic of all chameleon ability to change color and body markings. The color change is due to the peculiarities of the structure of the skin.
giraffes family. Males giraffe reach a height of up to 5, 5-6, 1 m (about 1/3 of the length of the neck) and weigh up to 900-1200 kg. Females tend to be slightly smaller and lighter. And still giraffes great heart: it transmits 60 liters of blood per minute, weighs 12 kg and creates a pressure which is three times higher than in humans.
Turtle crawling near the Lebanese-Israeli border. Turtle - one of the four groups of reptiles, existing for over 220 million years. The largest known to science is a turtle who lived in the Cretaceous period, and inhabit the sea turtle archelon. The size of one of the found skeleton of this type achieves more than 4 meters. The estimated weight of the turtle - up to 2, 2 tons.
Humpback whale in the Pacific in Colombia. The exact duration of the life of humpback whales is unknown, in part due to the fact that during the whaling killed most of the older individuals; hypothetically set at 40-50 years. Humpback whale - one of the most energetic and acrobatic large whales, whose behavior, including a spectacular jumping out of the water, attracts the attention of tourists.
A bee on a flower. Bees live on every continent except Antarctica. Bees, like ants, are essentially specialized form wasps. Although the age of the earliest fossil discoveries is estimated at only 40 million. Years, the study of genetics of bees and some fossils indicates that they appeared much earlier, with the appearance of flowering plants 140 million. Years ago.
Two young white owl sitting next to the zoo of Hanover. Snowy owl - the largest bird of the order owls in the tundra. wingspan averages 140-160 cm Polar owl -. active predator. The basis of its power up rodents, primarily lemmings, the year she eats more than 1600.
Two pigs in the zoo in Hanover. There is a misconception that pigs have a passion for felting in the dirt just for the love of it; in fact, the pig thus get rid of skin parasites. Pig - one of the most intelligent animals in the wild.
The butterfly peacock. Butterflies are one of the largest groups of insects, comprising more than 157, 000 kinds. It is assumed that even up to 100 000 species are not yet known to science.
Flamingo in the south of Spain.
Two tigers play in the water at the zoo in Leipzig, Germany. Tiger is one of the largest land predators, yielding a white mass and Brown Bear. As of 2013 prohibited the hunting of tigers in the world.
Bassaricyon neblina - a mammal of the genus Olinga raccoon family. Species Latin name comes from the Spanish neblina. neblina - "haze", "very foggy" and given in honor of the misty mountain forests inhabited by an animal.
So fed sand tiger. These ancient animals lived on Earth for about 420-450 million years ago.
Spider caught grasshoppers in the mountains of Kosovo. There are about 42 thousand today, and about 1, 1 thousand fossil species of spiders. This obligate carnivores that feed primarily on insects and small animals.
Deer in the field in Germany. Deer have symbolic meaning rich in myths and are different cultures and nations. Often embody nobility, grandeur, beauty, grace, quickness.
The yellow scorpion eats its prey. It is the oldest squad among terrestrial arthropods. In total there are about 750 species of scorpions. Why scorpion in the dark glows with ultraviolet light - no one knows for sure.
A newborn panda cub at the zoo in Taipei. Pandas or bamboo bears live in the mountain regions of central China: Sichuan and Tibet. Since the second half of the XX century, the panda has become something of a national emblem of China.
A snail on a wet leaf in a garden in eastern Germany. In nature, snail lives on the average 7-8 years, but can often live to 20 years, if not eaten by a predator. The average movement speed is approximately 1, 5 mm per second.
The great gray owl in the forest near Paris. This large bird whose body length is 80 cm, wingspan -. 1, 5 m.
The leopard - one of the most beautiful cats. This is one of the four members of the genus panther. The extent and nature spotting volatile. Typically, spot-clean black, but can be brownish. Life expectancy in the wild is 10 - 11 years.
Great Crested Grebe with chicks in Austria. She is slightly smaller ducks. It's a bird with a thin neck, elongated, straight beak.
Polar bear swims in the zoo in Belgrade. Polar bear - one of the largest land-based representatives of the order of carnivorous mammals. Its length is 3 m, the mass to 1 ton. Due to the structure of the polar bear hairs can sometimes "go green." This occurs in hot climates (in zoos), when the hairs inside infest microscopic algae.
Bottlenose Dolphin. The length of the large dolphin or afaliny is 2, 3-3 m Weight usually -. 150-300 kg. Sleep bottlenose dolphins, like all cetaceans, at the water surface, usually at night. In the sleeping dolphins alternately one hemisphere sleeps, the other is awake at that time.
Oh, not far from Minsk. Snakes belong to the genus of poisonous snakes. When the danger of these predators can very plausibly pretend to be dead: to open his mouth to hang language, and caught already separates from cloacal glands thick foul-smelling liquid. More On snakes will be discussed in a future article.
Two pig at the zoo in Hanover. Pigs are well trained, keen sense of smell due to give in training to find drugs and truffles.
Water treatments have an elephant in a zoo in western France. Elephant - the largest terrestrial animal of the earth. Elephant trunk is a long arm formed by the fused interconnected nose and upper lip. A complex system of muscles and tendons, gives it greater flexibility and mobility, allowing you to manipulate the elephant even small objects, and its volume allows you to dial up to 6 liters of water.
The brown bear - one of the largest terrestrial predators and dangerous. Conventional its habitat in Russia - continuous forests with windbreak and burning with thick undergrowth hardwoods, shrubs and grasses. The brown bear is listed in the IUCN Red Data Book with the status of "species that is under threat."
The golden eagle in the forest near Paris. It is a genus of large birds of hawk family. Its beak and long claws immediately command respect.
Sparring at the hippos, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Behemoth - one of the largest contemporary land animals. Weight major old males sometimes more than 4 tons, thus competes with hippopotamus rhinoceros per second by weight among land animals after elephants. Due to the large size and aggressive behavior behemoth can be seen as one of the most dangerous animal for humans in Africa. By the number of people killed, he surpasses all other African animals, even such formidable predators like lion, leopard and the Nile crocodile.