How do Dagestani carpets
• How do Dagestani carpets
When they were invented artificial colors, carpet manufacture, and they themselves, have changed a lot (natural paint retains a long time bright colors). Gradually cheap dyes began to replace complex, expensive and time-consuming process of manual production of paints and painting thread.
This greatly reduced the time and cost of production thread for a carpet. At one time, the master tried to fight it, but lost. Known historical fact, when the world began to use artificial colorings, the Shah of Iran issued a decree strictly forbids the use of these dyes for Persian carpets.
Violated the decree cut off his right hand! But it did not save the manual carpet weaving, and now in the markets and in the shops you can see 99% of carpets made in artificial dyes.
I think, you know, today I talk about the manual production of carpets, which exists in Dagestan, and to make one large rug, in total, spent about two years. In these two years is to collect herbs and roots, their drying, milling. Then she painted and the carpet manufacturing process itself. I had pretty sweat to remove the paint thread.
Workshop on painting thread is in a private home. By the way, on the second floor of the family lives, and I hope they do not suffer from the fact that they have going on in the cellar. Painting itself is rare, and we are very fortunate to be in Dagestan at this time. As a rule, the thread color once a month or even two months. cooking process takes place in the basement, where there are several boilers. In the summer it's very hot and there unbearably hot and also very humid. Two three minutes shooting and sauna effect is provided.
In fact, the manual carpet weaving has long been lost in these parts, and it took many years to recover, and even somewhere on the new reinvent and recreate conditions. Only in search of dyestuffs it took more than four years, the boys went to different countries and watched the master work there, took over the experience, and as a result today we can admire the beautiful carpets of the highest quality and, most importantly, completely made by hand.
It starts with the dyes of the preform. They are collected at different times, there is also the features and secrets, where the juice comes when not talking, when a pigment such as when the bright is not enough, all of this has been experimentally tested.
The extracted material was dried, milled and stored in bags on a makeshift warehouse, which is staged at the same house. On a separate room from the children do not have money, these carpets are generally produced more on enthusiasm.
In fact, the beginning of the painting. In almost boiling water backfilled milled plant. Small time cook and then fill up the yarn. Yarns have to throw all at once, otherwise it will be spread in color. Even if you throw everything at once, it happens that a piece of yarn lighter and some darker. However, this only adds to the originality of the carpet
Cooking time depends on what color is needed (which dyes are used), and despite what the intensity of color required. The thread is not harvested for future use, and to a particular rug.
In the basement is really unreal hot. Five minutes, and I'm all wet. But then I can go out and smoke, and the children should be there to hang around half a day, if not the entire day. It helps shower of cold water.
In this case, an hour string yellow ready, now it is necessary to rinse. The first flushing occurs more in the pot, then it is loaded into a large "washing machine" where it flounder about 15-20 minutes more.
Now out to dry in the back yard, which is almost all covered with multi-colored rolls of yarn.
Thread soon dries up and now it can be packed in bags, which will be delivered in the "workshop". Yarn engaged in several villages. Works from the villagers there is little, and this "factory" so to speak, the only place where there are jobs. Master, rather masters who make carpets at home, does not count. However, they often buy thread with no synthetic dyes and natural. We went to the village Kozherek Tabasaran area to see how it goes the process.
The shop is worth a few machines, and none of them is idle. Over a carpet running from three to five women.
So make the base of the carpet.
And girls are sitting, and the woman spun, spun. It is not an easy job.
The main tool here is a simple hook.
They looked into a private house to the skilled worker.
Only for the manufacture of carpet, a relatively small, this woman took 3 months. Thus it is necessary to monitor the house, her two children and the whole economy. Here are working very hard to be able to live in dignity. In principle, one would raise cattle and some fruits and vegetables, but all attempts to sell in the bazaar in the city are stopped resellers. A sense donate meat for a penny? By the way, the situation complained of in many villages. <22 'Around the village, luxury woods, fields and pastures. I immediately loved it.
Then again we go back to Makhachkala. That is to say, it is necessary to finish the topic of carpets.
After his will, it should be thoroughly cleaned and burn! This is done in order to remove excess lint. After firing, it begins to wear, and continues this process is not less than an hour.
While the guys are working, I enjoy the grapes that grow right there in the courtyard of the house.
Carpet is huge. It is necessary to provide, in the interior of which he will look harmonious. Price it at first too surprised - 650 thousand, but remembering the whole process and the time spent on the work, it becomes clear that it is not so expensive it stands. Although factory carpets will cost a lot less. Here, as they say, who what to invest.
After bathing the carpet should be dry and ready for sale. We were even invited to rent a house, the interior, in which he will now live. Not sure if we will have time to finish the tour and drop in for a visit to the new owner of the carpet, but it would be interesting. Many, by the way, consider the purchase of carpets such as investment. By the way, a lot of old handmade carpets were purchased and took over Turkey to the west. Due to the fact that some American has created a catalog of patterns used in the carpets, you can now restore the fishery.