10 mysterious underwater city
Modern city - a real miracle of human thought and deed. People have created many wonderful monuments and stunning imagination of temples, palaces and a bright memorable buildings. Man thus establishing itself as the crown of creation, but sometimes nature reminds one of the planet host. Your attention - ten villages that were once lively, but now completely flooded with water.
1. Dian civilization Remains
In 2001, a team of archaeologists, explored the Chinese lake Fushian, found at the bottom of it a huge number of buildings and structures. Locals have long been rumors of a ghost town, which in calm weather, can be seen through the water column, and it turned out that they are based not on an empty place.
In subsequent immersions scientist opened whole streets paved with stone slabs, the total area of the ruins was about 6, 5 sq km. Subjecting found in the underwater city of potsherds radiocarbon analysis, archaeologists calculate the time when the building went under water - about 1750 years ago. Thanks to the waters of the lake found the ruins of an incredibly well preserved. Scientists say that the city was part of the Dian civilization, the level of development is not inferior to Ancient Egypt.
2. Aydum and the sea - who wins?
In the north-western part of Germany there is an area, which is called the Wadden Sea (found also an option Wadden Sea) - is a series of shallow areas Watt relating to the North Sea. From the mainland Wadden Sea separates the circuit of the North Frisian islands, which over time quickly destroyed by tidal and tidal waves.
A few hundred meters from the present coastline at low tide can be seen the remains of a settlement called Aydum. It is believed that people have started to build up the area in the XIV-th century, and since then the building virtually ceased - North Sea relentlessly on land, resulting in permanent damage and flooding. It was not until 1436, the year when the Feast of All Saints experienced its worst flooding that has cost lives of 180 persons. The settlers decided to move house on a hill, where it originated later the modern city of Westerland. But until now, the ruins Ayduma, stood out of the water at low tide, reminiscent of the fearlessness and recklessness of the Frisians, the leading dispute with the North Sea.
3. The ancient city of Olous
Crete in ancient times was one of the centers of human civilization, its influence extended far beyond the island. Some of the Cretan settlements as a result of erosion and numerous earthquakes was under water that now attracts many tourists to the island and diving enthusiasts.
Among the attractions was a sunken city-state of Olous - once a thriving metropolis with a population of up to 40 thousand inhabitants. Olous, along with other major Greek cities have a high level of industrial development and trade, he surprised travelers and offers beautiful architecture, but had one major flaw - almost all buildings Olous were built dangerously close to the sea and standing in the sand rather than limestone, most of the other cities of Crete.
After the earthquake that occurred in the II-th century BC, Olous almost completely plunged into the water. Today, the ruins of Olous available for scuba divers and divers who have the opportunity to literally plunge into the atmosphere of ancient history.
4. The dead-lock Llis Helig
According to legend, in the VI-th century AD, the eminent Welsh ruler Helig Glanog raised in north Wales massive castle, making a part of their possessions Bay Conwy. After the completion of a huge manor suddenly struck a terrifying storm, and the sea quickly flooded all the surrounding land - apparently, the elements were not to the liking landowners Heliga ambitions. About those events are now reminiscent of a rocky ridge, looking out of the water about three kilometers from the coast. This ridge is called Llis-Helig (in translation from Welsh -. "Heliga Palace"), although many archeologists claim that in fact the backbone is of natural origin.
divers recently discovered near the wall of the ridge, apparently created by the human hand, with studies have shown that it could very well be built in the VI-th century, so that the legend still sometimes can be trusted.
5. Bay mulifanua
Today mulifanua - is a tiny village on the north-western tip of Upolu, one of the islands of Samoa.
In the 1970s during the construction of a ferry line that connects the village mulifanua Saleleloga the neighboring island of Savaii, workers discovered on the seabed thousands of ceramic sherds, which provided the area most attention of archaeologists. Followed soon after these excavations have revealed that earlier on this place is one of the largest settlements Lapita people.
Lapita inhabited many islands of Micronesia and Polynesia, this civilization was one of the most advanced in the region and had a well-developed culture.
City, found on the bottom of the bay mulifanua really unique - pottery found dates back to 800th BC, it is said that the Lapita were at a higher stage of development than the other tribes of the region. Today it is the oldest of the found Lapita settlements.
6. Feyya - no lock, and the whole city on the sand
Those who studied the history of the ancient world, that's for sure remember the Peloponnesian War, which was in full swing between the cities of Athens and the Peloponnesian Union for nearly 30 years.
Hot conflict that erupted in the V-th century BC, the coverage of the Aegean Sea and the Northern Mediterranean, and one of the key issues in this region was the city Feyya: Athenians used it as a staging post in supplying troops with food. However, to survive until the end of the war feuille was not destined - a powerful earthquake that occurred on the west coast of Greece, has plunged the city at a depth of five meters below the Mediterranean sea surface where Feyya remained almost fully intact until 1911, when he began the excavations of this monument of ancient civilization.
For more than a century archaeologists have carefully studied the ruins to get the most complete picture of the events of the time of the Peloponnesian War.
7. Itil three crops alloy
This semi-mythical city, according to historians, was the capital of the Khazar Khanate to the VIII-th to X-th century.
In Arab sources, the city is known as Khamlij (YMCA), he was one of the main transit points of the Silk Road. Numerous caravans and travelers Itil turned into a giant pot of cultural and religious, in which "cooked" Christians, Jews and Muslims.
End of an era Itil heyday came when the Kiev prince Svyatoslav ravaged the rich city and destroyed it almost to the ground, then the existence of Itil forgotten for hundreds of years. He would have remained only on the pages of the ancient Arabic books and monographs of modern historians, but in 2008, the Russian scientist Dmitry Vasilyev found near the northern mouth of the Caspian Sea remains VIII-th century, which are supposed to be the remains of Itil. Now historians are seeking confirmation of this, hoping to find a description in the Khazar Itil annals.
8. Rungholt - a city swallowed by the North Sea
The water comes from the ancient times to the land, sea and often not in a hurry, gradually destroying and "undermining" the islands and continents, but sometimes it makes an unexpected sharp attacks, resulting in the whole island can instantly be under water.
That's what happened to the island of Strand, located in the waters of the North Sea. Largest island, located on it with the city fell victim to the legendary Rungholt southwestern Atlantic hurricane Saint Marcellus' Flood, pronosshegosya on the territory of Germany, England and the Netherlands, January 16, 1362-year. A powerful storm claimed the lives of about 25 thousand people, and erased from the face of many villages and several towns.
For hundreds of years, archaeologists and amateurs looking for the remains of the city of Rungholt, but still managed to find only a few artifacts of those times, the settlement itself along the island disappeared.
9. Phanagoria piece of ancient Greece in the Russian
In the heyday of ancient Greek civilization had a few places in the world, wherever they reached enterprising Greeks. Their empire among other things, included a few dozen settlements on the northern coast of the Black Sea - it is now the territory of Russia, Romania, Bulgaria and Ukraine. The largest of these port cities were Phanagoria located on the Taman Peninsula, the coast of the Kerch Strait.
This city is rich in history has experienced a lot: several wars, the invasion of the Pontic King Mithridates VI Eupator, who thus tried to deal with the increasing influence of the Romans in this region, and unprecedented prosperity as the second capital of the Bosporan kingdom. Phanagoria destroyed the Black Sea - at the beginning of X-th century, the inhabitants have left the city because of rising water level and flooding threats. Now archaeologists have found more and more evidence of the former power of this beautiful city. Rumor has it that the body of water and sand, under which is now located Phanagoria hide thousands more priceless treasures.
10. Seftinge - take care of their cities
The history of the ancient Dutch city Seftinge tragic and instructive. In the XIII-th century the marshes were drained around the city to promote the development of animal husbandry and agriculture. A few hundred years Seftinge flourished, hitting travelers and merchants of fertile arable land, while the so-called Flood of All Saints in 1570, the year did not put an end to this - Seftinge became one of the cities that took the brunt of the disaster, among them were also Egmond and Bergen op Zoom. Surprisingly, the water is almost completely destroyed farmland around Seftinge, but caused much less damage to the city. "Finished off" city-Dutch nationals, who, during the 80-year war with Spain destroyed several dams, so that the area turned into a quagmire of an area of about four hectares that engulfed the city.
Several attempts to drain the city nor to no avail, so the only attraction for tourists is currently Seftinge. Independent tour of the flooded city banned in some places during high tides the water just a few minutes can go up to several meters, so travelers are always accompanied by an experienced guide.