As grown alligators
If Texas is rich with rattlesnakes, then Louisiana, thanks to extensive swamps, rich in alligators. On the southern coast of the United States alligators inhabit an area of over 4.5 million. Acres in 10 states, and the total population of these green-brown reptiles is about three million, two of which are found in Louise's. This population should add about half a million alligators, which are contained in the Louisiana farm, but that will never fall into the "real" environment.
Today I will tell you about the habits and life of the alligators, as well as their growing cycle on farms.
The name "Alligator" According to the reptiles gave the Spanish explorers, who called them "El legarto", which means "big lizard".
Alligators are cold-blooded animals, which means that their body temperature is controlled by the ambient temperature. Actually for this reason, the alligators often lie in the sun, raising body temperature to prolonged swimming in cold water.
The interested reader will ask, but as a related body temperature and swimming? The fact is that with a decrease in body temperature in alligators slows down metabolism, and thus the nervous system begins to run poorly, and if they are very cold, they can not move effectively and, accordingly, to hunt.
So if you see an alligator basking in the sun, from him should stay away, t. To. It means that he is very hungry and ready to hunt.
When the alligators hatch from eggs, their length is about 15-25 cm. In the year of the alligator can grow from 4 to 30 cm, depending on the ambient temperature than it warmer for a long period of time, the greater the progress of growth.
So alligators of Louisiana more than alligators South Carolina.
is also worth noting that the growth decreases with age, and males grow faster.
On average, alligators live as much as the people, 70 years old, but there are some individuals who have an age of about 100 years. The average size of adult female 20 years - 90 kg, 3 meter, male - 4.5 meters and 200 kg.
The largest caught in the wild gator had a length of 5.8 meters.
They multiply alligators in the summer, the males "fight" for the female to death, literally, so to see an adult alligator without legs and without tail piece - a common occurrence. In addition, they can have each other after the fight.
In spite of this, females are very good mothers, who will take care of their children to ward off any foreign gators and other predators away from the nest. On average, the female lays about 30 eggs.
By the way, an interesting fact, an alligator's nest consists of a pile of hay, in which the female lays eggs. Gradually hay rot, releasing heat, and that heat will determine the sex of the future alligatrenkov.
If the temperature rises above 30 degrees - born man, and below - the girl. If someone does not hatched, Mama will help break an egg tooth and hatch, and then all the kids sit in the mouth of my mother and go to the water. Usually my mother looks after children 6 months. And do teenagers live near the house about 2 years, after which they could migrate.
Quiet guys are not palimsya!
After reaching a length of 2 meters, the alligator has only two species that are dangerous for him - a man and another alligator. All other animals are not able to penetrate the thick scaly reptile shell.
The skin of alligators is mainly used for shoes, also for the manufacture of bags and suitcases.
This is due to the fact that the skin is very durable, and gives a very durable shoes. Actually, therefore, these animals were hunted and in the 1990s were alligators in the Red Book, hunting them was banned and they were massively farmed.
Today, the population recovered, and more in the Red book, they are not registered.
Alligators found on farms in incubators until the length of approximately 4 meters. In an incubator maintained at a constant temperature - about 35 degrees, so that animals are able to grow continuously with a maximum advance of about 2-3 meters per year.
Upon reaching a length of about 5 meters alligators transferred to the pool, where they live a few more years. This is done in order to hide became rigid.
In the basins contain only specimens of the same sex - in order to avoid fights for the female and damage each other's skins.
feed the alligators are mainly animals, deer, which are also grown on the farm and are caught during the hunting season for deer.
Unleashes of alligators in any case can not be - they are very active hunters on the people, ie, to become accustomed to a person for a period of growth... Generally alligators do not like people, and in most cases try to hide from humans. Attack usually females, during the invasion of the protected territory of the nursery, other attacks of wild animals are very rare, even in spite of the famine.
By the way, about a quarter of the population after 5 months back in an open environment of the farm. At this age, let the alligator into the wild is not dangerous.
Then the alligator is caught from the farm. The skins are used mainly for shoes, as I said above, the meat goes to restaurants, bone - in jewelry stores for making ornaments and frames.
Annual Louisiana farm turnover of about $ 15 million annually hammered about 100,000 individuals of all farms in the United States.
While walking on the souvenir shop, stumbled upon here is such a nezhdanchik. I also offered to buy Soviet gas mask, they said they were not afraid to hunt it.