How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

Before there was CGI technology that allows a computer to paint almost anything, directors fiction movies had to work hard to achieve a realistic picture. We offer to find out how to create special effects in some famous films made long before the advent of powerful computers, and digital video editing.

The battle with skeletons in the film "Jason and the Argonauts" (1963)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

for more than four and a half months of stop-motion animation has been spent on the four-minute episode.

The division of the Red Sea in the movie "The Ten Commandments" (1956)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

To create the effect was poured water from two huge tanks, and then the film was scrolled in the opposite direction.

The monkey in the movie "King Kong" (1933)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

Kong was actually mobile model size of 45 cm. The actress filmed separately and then put together with the help of mounting two video sequences into one.

The transformation of the werewolf in the film "An American Werewolf in London" (1981)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

The conversion was filmed using prosthetics and robotics. To simulate the growth of hair and use a reverse shot.

Tornado in "The Wizard of Oz" (1939)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

The hurricane really delela was a skein of wool, packed sand, which rotates the fan of a miniature model of a farm.

in the film Landing time machine "Back to the Future 2" (1989)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

The film directed by Robert Zemeckis used street lights to cover the transition from the frame with a small model to frames with this car. Imagine how much effort has been spent to combine light and shadow.

Tour of the body in "Fantastic Voyage" (1966)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

The interior of the body has been created with the help of a huge highly detailed models of various organs.

Scene with punching his chest in the movie "Alien" (1979)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

To remove the episode needed a chest made of fiberglass, pipes for supplying artificial blood and a puppet of others.

UFO Landing in the movie "Close Encounters of the Third Kind" (1977)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

In the Spielberg film was used a flying saucer made of fiberglass, weighing 180 kg and dimensions of about one and a half meters.

Melting Face Nazis in the movie "Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark" (1981)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

In the scene used the face of gelatin, which is then actually melted. The layers were arranged so that the melt in a certain sequence, which created a gloomy effect.

A spaceship in "Space Odyssey 2001" (1968)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

In the film, Stanley Kubrick used a huge wheel, created by the British aircraft manufacturing. The cost of manufacturing was 750 000 dollars.

The explosion of "Death Star" in "Star Wars" (1977)

How to apply special effects before the advent of computers

Lucas for the first time used a motion control technology, which has been achieved thanks to the effect of motion of the fragments in the vacuum of space. As the source of the explosion was a box stuffed with gunpowder and titanium shavings.