Waterfalls of Iceland
Iceland located in the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean, called "ice country." Along with geysers, fjords and volcanoes, waterfalls are the major attractions of this island nation. Frequent rains, large glaciers, mountains and other terrain features provide the ideal conditions for the emergence of one of Iceland's most beautiful waterfalls in the world.
Gullfoss - "golden waterfall"
Gullfoss waterfall - the "golden waterfall" (gull - gold; foss - waterfall). While looking at the HDR-image it rather frozen.
The waterfall is located on hvítá River, Haukadalur valley in the south of Iceland.
The depth to the point of falling water in the valley is about 70 meters. Gulfoss itself consists of two steps - 21 meters and 11 meters, the rotated towards each other at an angle of 90 °.
In 1920 and 1977, attempts were made to build a hydroelectric power station on the site of the waterfall, which would lead to the destruction of the waterfall. However, a waterfall and to this day is in safe hands and is considered one of the most beautiful places in Iceland.
Waterfall dynjandi also known Fyatlfoss. In fact, dynjandi - a river, part of which is a waterfall.
The shape dynjandi waterfall resembles a stepped pyramid and is associated with the structures of South American Indians. He rushes down almost 100 meters high and is divided at the bottom into five smaller waterfalls, reaching eventually the ocean.
"Shimmering Falls" Dettifoss
This waterfall is the largest waterfall, not only in Iceland, but also the most powerful in all of Europe!
This waterfall can be seen in Ridley Scott's "Prometheus", where he was featured as one of the prehistoric landscapes of the Earth; it is here and life began to emerge in the world of the film version.
Lava Falls HRAUNFOSSAR
Lava Falls HRAUNFOSSAR - one of the most unusual, nowhere in Europe will not see this. This is a whole series of small waterfalls that are formed from multiple streams (more than 100), stretching for about 900 meters.
Hviutau River, which originates in the glacier Laungyokudl, done at its own channel along the border to stop there Grauhroyn flow of lava. Since the porous lava rock, the river is easily leaked into it and went under ground. Under the ground, for a kilometer, the river gets out, thereby forming numerous waterfalls. Hence the name of the waterfall: "hraun" takes its origin from the Icelandic word meaning "lava".
We continue to get acquainted with waterfalls in Iceland. This waterfall is located in the south of Iceland at Fossano River, located near the Hekla volcano.
He falls a height of 122 meters and is the second highest waterfall in Iceland.
Selfoss Waterfall on the river Yokulsau-au-Fodlum in Iceland, located about 30 km upstream from the mouth of the river and a few hundred meters upstream from the waterfall Dettifoss, the most powerful waterfall in Europe. Height Selfoss - 11 meters, width - 100 meters.
River Yokulsau-au-Fodlum takes its source in the glacier Vatnajökull and therefore the water level changes depending on the season, weather and volcanic activity.
12 kilometers from Gullfoss waterfall (the first in this review) is scenic waterfall fax. Both waterfalls are located on the same river, so the landscapes of the coast of which are similar.
This is one of several waterfalls in the south of Iceland, located in the lava fields north of the stratovolcano Hekla, in the place where the rivers come together and Þjórsá Fossano.
The name of the waterfall, literally translated as "help waterfall" is derived from the name of this area. Village got its name due to the fact that here the travelers find their own food and feed for the horses, after a difficult and dangerous transition from Sprengisandyur.
Black Svartifoss waterfall
Svartifoss waterfall is located within the National Park Skaftafell National Park in Iceland, which is one of the most popular local attractions.
Black Falls. surrounded by the unusual hexagonal columns of black lava, which gave rise to its name. These columns have been created inside a molten stream that is cooled very slowly, which led to its crystallization.
The base of this waterfall is noteworthy because of the pointed stones as hexagonal columns at the beginning of the waterfall quickly worn down by a powerful stream of water. These basalt columns have inspired a lot of Icelandic architects to create stunning masterpieces of classical architecture and the most notable of them - the Church of Hallgrimur in Reykjavik and the National Theater.
The waterfall is located on the river in the eastern Þjórsá lava field Merkurhraun.
This is one of the most famous waterfalls of Iceland, located on the north of the island near Akureyri. The waterfall is not very high (12 meters), but one of the most visited waterfalls in Iceland. Its width is about 30 m.
The waterfall is also known that in the years 999-1000. in making Christianity the inhabitants pagan idols were thrown into the waterfall. Hence the name of the waterfall from the ISL. Goð - "God."
This two-level waterfall is located in a volcanic canyon Eldyau in central Iceland. Until early 1990, a natural stone bridge of basalt crossed the waterfall, but it was destroyed due to the melting of the snows in 1992-1993.
It is located on Skougau River, in the south of Iceland, located in the cliffs of the coastline below the Eyjafjallajökull glacier.
Skógafoss waterfall is one of the most famous and visited, as well as one of the largest and most beautiful in Iceland.
Width 25 m, height of water falling 60 meters. Due to the large amount of spray formed a waterfall on a sunny and clear day, one can observe a single and sometimes double rainbow.
Lagarfljot lake situated in the eastern part of Iceland near the town of Egilsstadir. Locals believe that the depths of the lake, as well as in the Scottish Loch Ness, home to a creature unknown to science, which they call Lagarfloutskim serpent. Not far from the lake is Hengifoss waterfall, whose height is 118 meters. This is one of the highest waterfalls in Iceland.
This is one of the most famous waterfalls of Iceland. This is a very beautiful waterfall, and his photographs can be found in many books and calendars.
The waterfall is located on the river Selyyalandsau and rises 60 meters above the rocks.
A deep indentation behind the waterfall allows you to freely move around him, watching thus for Seljalandsfoss from all sides. Especially recommended to visit the falls in the evening hours when the lighting around the waterfall becomes more saturated.