• Submarine C-189
providing the army with modern military equipment, capable of withstanding the strongest opponents and exceed - after World War II global task was given to the Soviet military industry. In many design offices of the USSR work started on the development of new tanks, planes, ships ...
One of hundreds of KB was CDB-18, where he developed an entirely new type of submarines, known as Project 613.
In 1950, the water was launched the first vessel of the new project, which has become the most widespread type of attack submarines in the postwar history of the USSR. Total 215 submarines of this project was built from 1951 to 1958 in the Soviet Union, and 21 - in China.
Marine C-189 Project 613 was laid on the Baltic plant March 31, 1954 and launched on 4 September. In addition to military campaigns, she participated in the testing of new models of weapons at the site of Lake Ladoga. Until 1988 it passed a diving school thousands of sailors, sergeants and officers. After serving for almost 35 years, it was withdrawn from the Navy in 1990 and later, in 1999, sank in the merchant harbor of the port of Kronstadt, sunk at the dock on the ground due to the loss of buoyancy.
In 2005, at the expense of a businessman and a former submariner Andrew Artyushina submarine was raised and delivered to the dock on Kanonersky factory where found a second birth. After the repair and restoration of the interiors on the basis of her private museum, which opened March 18, 2010 at the Lieutenant Schmidt Embankment in St. Petersburg was established.
In 1942, CDB-18 from the designers started work on the project of the new medium of the submarine, designed to replace the boat type "Pike". The project has received the number 608, the chief engineer was appointed VN Peregoudov. In 1944, two projects were presented in the shipbuilding management, but did not receive support from the non-fulfillment of the requirements for armament and range. July 30, 1944 in the Gulf of Finland was sunk by a German submarine U-250 Type VIIC. Sunken at a depth of 27 meters the boat in October raised and towed to Kronstadt. People's Commissar of the Navy NG Kuznetsov in January 1945 issued an order according to which the stop work on the project 608, and started the creation of the project 613, which must be founded on the design of the German boat, but with a slight increase in tonnage from 770 to 800 tons . After the war, Soviet specialists familiar with the unfinished German "elektrolodkami" type XXI, which were seized in the shipyards of Danzig. In the spring of 1946 from the UK four unfinished boat type it was obtained XXI. The result of sea trials of these ships was a complete change in the terms of reference for the project 613 in August 1946, and the type XXI was taken as the basis for a new version of the draft basic postwar Soviet submarine. Draft project was completed in October 1947, working drawings were ready by August 1948.
The construction of submarines of Project 613 was conducted from 1950 to 1957. Annual production reached 73 units.
Project 613 has a double-hulled structure. All-welded robust housing with an external placement of the frames is divided by watertight bulkheads 7 compartments - 2 torpedo residential, 2 battery housing, the central post, diesel, Electromotive
The descent or, if I may say so, "the main entrance" into a submarine
Right from the entrance, we find ourselves in the fourth section, which is the battery. I must say that each of the compartments of any submarine has a much greater purpose, what may appear to be based on his name. Thus, in the 4th (battery) battery compartment 112 arranged 46SU (below deck level into the battery well), galley, saloon and cabins warrant, electric compressor, the high pressure air cylinders and the like. D.
In the galley there is even a dried roach stocks ....
The interior space in a submarine is very limited, and the tall man is not enough to be comfortable. It is for this reason in the museum, many pipes and communication on the level of the head are covered with soft colorful mats. And it is not for nothing .. I also kissed
Go to the fifth compartment - diesel.
Manage dive cameras
In the diesel compartment are 2 diesel engine management systems and service devices; a fuel tank, compressor 2 diesel and marine fans.
The basis of the power plant were two-stroke diesel engines 37D model. In the cruise position they disperse the boat up to the maximum speed at 18, 25 assembly. Economic surface speed was 8-10 knots. fuel reserve enough to 8580 miles at 10 knots or 13,000 miles, with 8 nodes.
In addition, the boat has two main motor model PG-101, which had the power to 1350 liters. from. and provides speed complete underwater course at 13, node 1, which can be maintained for an hour. Two electric motors of economic progress PG-103 models had a capacity of 50 liters. from. and dispersed with water under the boat before the rate of 1, 97 assembly. On the economic motors battery charge is enough for 352 miles of underwater travel.
The narrow passages between the compartments. Each compartment is sealed and optionally can be virtually instantly isolated from the others. It worked and traveled 54 (!) Member of the crew of the boat
A sixth compartment - Electromotive while being residential. There are 2 main propulsion motors with the running major stations, two electric motors of economic progress, volumetric fire station and a 6-bed suspended personnel
That boat is very much - it's a variety of valves.
The seventh section - aft torpedo while living. There are 2 torpedo firing with control devices, actuators manual control vertical and aft horizontal rudders, pump hydraulic assembly 6 bilge pump and suspended beds. There is also an escape hatch
Inside the torpedo.
Torpedoes 6 torpedo boats were 533 mm caliber apparatuses 4 and two nasal fodder. For nasal devices in one compartment 6 were stored on racks replacement torpedoes. Instead of 10 bow torpedo boat could take 20 minutes, such as AMD-1000: two mines in each unit, and 12 minutes on the shelves. Torpedo firing was carried out at depths of up to 30 meters.
The bulkhead between compartments
In the bow torpedo room (ground) there are four torpedo tubes with fire control devices. There is also the station foam extinguishing, drives nasal horizontal rudders, torpedopogruzochny hatch, shelving with spare torpedoes and 16 suspended beds.
The beds are located directly above the torpedoes.
The second section - the battery and at the same time living. Here are located apart from another 112 batteries saloon and cabins officers, cutting radio and osnaz and high pressure air cylinders.
Radio Room. Complex electronic equipment 613 project during construction and operation changed repeatedly. Submarines received radar station detect surface targets "Flag". Sonar "Tamir-5L" and shumopelengovaniya station "Mars 24KIG" (later replaced by a "phoenix") provide detection of targets in a submerged position.
The third section - the central post (or main command post). There are arranged cutting sonar and radiometry, navigational cubicle, a periscope, a course of control, depth, dip and ascent, gyrocompass, torpedo firing device, handling mast extendable device main bilge pump artpogreb, storehouses for provisions, latrine and lower conning-tower hatch
The ship's clock. They are a little different from our usual - here the scale consists of 24 hours instead of 12 ...
navigational cubicle. Here there is a plotting of the submarine
Endless blue and red gates
inclinometer. The device is very similar to a conventional building level.
Further development of the project was the project 613 633 such boats have been built already considerably less - only 20 ...