Huntsman Russian Army Crimean War time
Jaeger Regiment in the Russian Empire existed from the beginning of the Napoleonic wars and before the end of the Crimean War. At its core, they were regiments of light infantry, which appeared at the Rumyantsev (though not the names were then Jaeger) and intended for operational activities in the forests, villages, ambushes, and to support the action of light cavalry.
Jaegers outfit was the most relief: instead of swords in sword belts were put bayonets; Heavy Grenadier bags were replaced with light mushketorskimi, tents selected with unpicked braid hats, coats left just wishing. Each soldier was equipped with shnobzakom (bag), and later a knapsack, a three-day supply of food.
Historically rangers often out of people famous for their military talents. So, among the commanders Jaeger corps were Kutuzov Gudovich, Michelson, and battalion commanders were at different times of Barclay de Tolly, Bagration and Count MF Kamensky.
During the Crimean War Russian army numbered 42 Jaeger Regiment, t. E. Almost half of the entire Corps (of infantry regiments was 110). However, in the course of this campaign the infantry battalions choke showed their huge advantage over the rangers, and immediately after its completion there was a complete transformation Jaeger Regiment.
In 1856, all Carabinier Jaeger Regiment was renamed the Grenadier Regiments; All Jaeger Regiment - in the infantry (except Tiflis and Mingrelia Jaeger Regiment, renamed Grenadier). Life Guards Jaeger Regiment was renamed the Life Guards Gatchinsky (Chasseur name was restored in 1871) and the re-formed on a common infantry position. Thus, Jaeger shelves ceased to exist, they are merged with line forces in common rifle companies, battalion, and shelves. Gamekeeper uniforms of the Russian army during the Crimean War to a member of the forage cap (more popularly known as peakless cap), overcoats, sets of shoulder belts, cartridge and priming bag, backpack, shirt, tie, trousers flamskogo cloth and boots. The main external difference from the set infantry - all leather outfit was painted black.
Since the 1820s, his coat has become the main type of outerwear for military campaigns.
During the Crimean War, active army was totally overcoat and parade uniforms were stored in warehouses.
Gray cloth greatcoat worn winter and summer, and in the cold and in the heat. In her sleep, she took refuge during the nights. For the soldiers it was at the same time clothing, tents and blankets.
Spacious enough cut allowed to move freely. Unlike the uniform, it does not hinder movement. Long flooring retains heat well and, in addition, allow to wrap it like a blanket.
In hot weather, floors are pushing inwards, and his coat was transformed into the likeness of polukaftana.
It should be noted that the entire Russian army numbered 1 million people that have been distributed across the vast territory of the Russian Empire. This fact and the technological level of the country led to the fact that there was no centralized supply of the army.
The shelves did the necessary material from which the soldiers themselves were made uniform. Or have placed specially trained people with money collected from the salary. But most of all everything was done in the regiments, in their free time, the evenings with kindling.
In view of the difficulties with the supply, the soldier was in fact one set of forms, which, as mentioned above, was worn all year round.
To say that the soldier was hot in summer - to say nothing. Little of. Trousers infantryman were white. Naturally, they get dirty very quickly in battle and during normal duty. And the army is the army, and the soldiers, in addition to everything else, and we had to constantly worry about his form looked clean and tidy.
Boots - traditional shoes Russian soldiers. Unlike modern army boots, they were sewn in twisted leather. Painted in black color only to the base of the shaft.
The colors of the shoulder straps and collar in different regiments differed. A total of four colors: white, red, blue and green. Each color is meant a certain number of the regiment in the division. Color edging also mattered. He defined the battalion number. For example, the 1st, he was red in the 2nd - the blue and so on.
On his cap was applied numbers mouth, batteries or squadrons. And also numbered buttons. But, in fact, it was more of a fashion statement, taken over from the French, and the values they had.
This infantryman Borodino Jaeger His Imperial Highness the Crown Prince of the regiment, which he served in the third company of Jaeger (number on his cap) 33rd Regiment (the number on the button), the 17th Division (pursuit number).
The structure of Russian military equipment includes a special bag for storing the capsules. She was attached to the shoulder sling.
By the way, every soldier was a backpack. According to the approved October 20, 1851 Regulations, it was supposed to be the following things:
"... a) Things polagaemyya kak unto campaign, tak and inspektorskih smotrah - two pairs portyanok; tovar shoemaker or boots, two shirts, headphones, gloves Sh varizhkami (unto summer); forage cap; for tin capsules, and several peryshek, Sh cut ends; fatty sukonka, dry rag, screwdriver, pyzhovnik, pointed chistilka iz tverdago tree, all three on odnom strap, spare seed rod strung on kusok steklyadi, oiled salom (one on sostoit). b) Things polagaemyya only unto campaign - crackers and salt for 4 days; podoshv pair; tin of shoe polish or salom Sh.
c) Melochnyya things pomeschayuschіyasya unto knapsack - Button sewing plate; Brush: Hanging, shoe and bleaching powder; mel and glue; soap; scissors; Fabre for usov; fabrennaya comb; at least 3 igol xb; thread; naperstok; awl; shoe-thread; vosk; nozhik; head comb; karmanchik laying little things ... ".
The soldiers were armed with guns dulnozaryadnymi capsule, copied from the French model. The state of the Russian Empire at the time of the Crimean War is not allowed to re-equip the army to rifled guns. This affected not the best way in the course of the campaign.
The technical side of the defeat of the Russian army in the Crimean War of 1853-1856 was the relative backwardness of her arms. English-French troops have threaded nipple which allow extended order to fire on rangers Russian forces before they approached by a distance sufficient to salvo of shotguns. Close order Russian army advantageously calculated per group and volley bayonet attack, with such a difference in arms and become an easy target carrying a significant loss in each attack.