The first acquaintance c Beijing
Beijing - capital of China and the largest metropolis in the North China plain, having a length of more than 1000 km. Gleaming skyscrapers, the 20 millionth city breaks stereotypes about China.
Beijing - heart of North China - a vast area that stretches north of dividing the country in half of the Yangtze River. Emerging from the Tibetan mountains and finishiruya over 6300 kilometers in the East China Sea, the Yangtze water divide the country not only geographically. Different climate, different dialects, different nationalities, different customs and traditions - to the north of the Yangtze is a very different China than to the south.
Beijing - the third largest city in China. He lives here over 20 million people, but no crowding on the roads or on the sidewalks. In Chinese, by the way, the city is called Peiching, which translates literally as "northern capital".
Monumental architecture, well-groomed wide streets, flaunting green lawns and flower beds, well-developed road network and infrastructure make Beijing attractive target for tourist studies.
A total of Beijing architecture can be divided into three main architectural styles - classical Chinese historical architecture, construction times typical of China and the Soviet Union friendship, painfully reminiscent of his native land, and the already mentioned high-tech introduced by the last decade.
In other words, every few decades Beijing rebuilt again - soon on the site of the last shacks grow high-rise buildings of glass and concrete.
The lack of investigation and expansive growth of Beijing - blanketed streets smog generated by environmentally unfriendly transport and industrial production, skontsentirovannymi in the region.
This photo was taken at the airport in Beijing called "Beijing Capital", which translates as "capital". The airport is located in Shunyi District, 20 km northeast from the city of Beijing area, but it is also covered in smog, which is not easy to breathe and unprofitable. Despite a lot of cars not harmless, Beijing residents generally favor electric mopeds and scooters.
Electrification podverzhdeno all two-wheeled vehicles
Electrical designs to suit all tastes are decent dynamics and are not much more expensive than petrol analogues and non-polluting exhaust.
Since I was in Beijing as a participant in the rally "Beijing-Moscow", my first trip to the city took place in the direction ... the local department of the traffic police!
Here it is necessary to make a small digression. Foreigner get into China with your own car (or just sit behind the wheel) is almost impossible - such a journey must be preceded by a series of agreements, major investments and receipt of Chinese driver's license.
To get the coveted right, we went to Beijing transport inspection, located on the outskirts of the city, along the way seeing Beijing from the bus window.
Classical architecture in Chinese
Gradually, we move further away from the city center
The landscape seems to relatives
Sleeping areas in Beijing, too, something similar to the counterparts in Moscow
Do not you think that something like?
The farther to the outskirts, the landscape becomes dearer.
However, the wide roads and modern signage quickly make it clear that it is still not Moscow.
There are other differences. Outside the control of local traffic police looks like this:
Inside also did not resemble native SAI, rather like a waiting room at the airport.
It is light, clean and spacious.
Car owners waiting for their turn in the comfortable armchairs.
For a few visitors here have all the amenities - machines for drinks and food, cafes, charging for mobile phones and so on.
Typically, rights in China issued after the exam in Chinese language, but we made an exception and was given a provisional license for a week without re-examination and language test. Hurrah!
At the exit to meet Chinese svezhevydannymi license plate. On his face - a blissful smile, he looks very happy and do not mind pictures. What's the matter? The answer is very simple and unexpected.
In Beijing - more than 5 million vehicles. To replenish the number of motorists, there is little to buy a car. In order to overcome traffic jams, local authorities restrict the annual issuance of license plates number 240 thousand pieces. Rooms are allocated by a special state lottery. Fee for participation is about 5,000 rubles. Throughout the country, an annual gain of about 3% per cent of participants. If the budget allows, the numbers can be bought without a queue - it will cost 100 million yuan, ie around 500 thousand... In China, for this amount you can buy a very decent new car. That's why this man was so happy - because now he can use his car, though not every day.
Kvotirovannaya issuing numbers - it's not all in the fight against traffic in Beijing: with an even last digit number, you can go on even days, and vice versa. For non-resident car owners from entering Beijing requires a special permit. Such drastic measures are not among the popular, but the effect is amazing - plugs in a giant metropolis is almost there.
Manner of driving the Chinese is the same as in many other parts of Asia - they are safe to ignore the rules wherever possible, making maneuvers often unimaginable, without regard for other road users. They monotonically follow their goals, moving along the shortest path, however, recognizing the right of others to do the same.
Maneuvers by Moscow standards require a minimum immediate "disassembly", then do not make drivers any emotion - climbed, drove - well. Free space in the stream took another car - no big deal. Despite the seeming chaos of the accident there had never happened - the main thing is not to make any sudden movements, and monotonously in the right direction to follow.
Infrastructure - another feature of Beijing. Broad avenues peppered with green sidewalks, numerous interchanges and overpasses in active use by millions of motorists, motorcyclists and cyclists.
Quality at an altitude of roads - even the "Olympic" road marking Beijing 2008 is not yet worn off.
Huge lines permeate the entire city and are complemented by five ring roads. By the way, Beijing rings are more like squares, and it is derived from the traditional "square" format development, called "SIHEYUAN".
According to this principle, the neighborhoods are built up of four blocks of buildings. Four facades of the building placed inside of the sides of a rectangular courtyard. Such blocks are built next to each other, forming a narrow street or avenue. These blocks are called hutongs.
Now, most hutongs of Beijing demolished, but some of them are preserved and even protected as cultural heritage.
The highest skyscraper in Beijing, the third ChinaWorldTradeCenter tower has a height of 330 meters and is very similar to one of the destroyed twin towers of the New York WTC. This building is designed the American architectural firm "Skidmore, Owings and Merrill."
Chinese Television Office CCTV - one of the most notable buildings in the Chinese capital. The authors of this building - the famous Dutch architects Rem Koolhaas and Ole Shiren ( "OMA" architectural bureau). The project was implemented specifically to the beginning of the Olympic Games 2008
a loop shape of the building, according to the authors, symbolizes "strength and activity", but the people this building is called "pants". The structure consists of two towers, skyscrapers and has a height of 234 meters. The first tower is a continuous loop of horizontal and vertical sections, which is attached to the second tower. The neighboring skyscraper - TVCC (Television Cultural Center). Built for the Beijing Olympics in 2008, it could accommodate a hotel, a visitor center, a large theater and exhibition halls. There lived guests of the Olympics, to hand over the building in a commercial operation planned for the summer of 2009. But fate decreed otherwise - February 9, 2009, during a party on the occasion of the Lunar New Year celebrations, the complex management will be arranged on the roof of the launch of fireworks, which led to the tragedy - the fire started, and 5 hours the building is almost completely burned.
Now the Beijing government does not know what to do - to restore the building is unprofitable and can not carry - skyscraper TVCC has common ground with CCTV towers, and construction demolition could cause the collapse of the building.
Building skyscrapers is in full swing.
The central business district of Beijing is located in the Goma area. In it there is a large number of shopping malls, luxury housing and regional headquarters of various corporations.
Beijing Financial Street in areas Fusinmen and Fuchenmen - the traditional financial center of the city.
An Evening in the city center
Grand National Olympic Stadium "Swallow's Nest" is designed for 85 thousand spectators. The dimensions of the stadium - 320 to 297 m, height -. 69 m This building is remarkable in that it is essentially no walls - the "skeleton" of interwoven steel beams, is both floors and facades, and the supporting structure of the building.
By the way, the project "nest" together with the Swiss architects worked and the famous Chinese artist and dissident Ai Weiwei, buyout later renounced his authorship of political opinion.
Another unique structure, built for the 2008 Olympics - it is the so-called "Water Cube" Aquatics Center. The design of this construction elements are used, resembling a grid of water bubbles.
The surface of the building "absorbs" the solar energy, using it to heat water and space heating. In the hot summer time, because of the reflective coating inside the "bubbles", within not hot.
China National Tennis Center, designed by the company Atelier 11. Through 16 and V-shaped columns, the form this building resembles a diamond.
Information Center Olympics - Digital Beijing - Chinese studio work Pei Zhu.
The area of the Olympic Village
Warning road signs in the Olympic Village.
However, the police in Beijing is fully prepared, although she was very friendly to us.
Monstruoznoee high-rise building with "mushrooms" -narostami - future new observation tower at the Olympic Park. Its height - 243 meters, and its grounds will be beautiful views of Beijing.
This is the building I could not identify, can help readers?
The building of the central station of Beijing was built in the 1950s and shows mixing traditional Chinese style and Soviet-style 50-ies. Something like the Moscow railway station, only here the eclectic towers look more appropriate.
The five-star hotel Beijing International and in the background - the State Administration of Tourism of China. No wonder that this place was the start of our rally "Beijing-Moscow".
Rainbow Hotel The hotel is built in the nineties. What can I say - a good hotel, but the quality of Chinese construction in the last 20 years greatly increased.
The corner tower of the inner city Dunbyanmen - one of the few surviving outside the historic center of the old buildings from the time of the Ming Dynasty.
In general, many buildings in Beijing have the prefix "most" - "the largest airport in the world", "the biggest LCD-screen in the world." Not to mention the world's largest Tiananmen Square. Tiananmen Square - the largest in the world and most importantly in China. Its size - 880 x 500 meters, and the area - fi 440 sq.. m, which allows to hold about a million people. The area is named after the Tiananmen Gate (in translation - "Gate of Heavenly Peace"), which are located to the north of the square and separated it from the Forbidden City.
The history of the area is ambiguous - is not the best pages of the world history was the forceful dispersal of protesters in 1989. Then, as a result of "cleaning" killed nearly 1,000 people (according to some sources, up to 7,000 people, while the government declared three hundred dead).
In any nache, in the central part of the huge square is a monument to the People's Heroes, next to him - the mausoleum of Mao's grandfather. in January 2011. Also in the square of the year a monument to Confucius, but one night he disappeared after a few months, and no official comments followed.
I the Tiananmen Square is best remembered by the fact that I was almost 2 hours trying to catch a taxi on it, and I did not succeed.
Built in the early 15th century, the magnificent Forbidden City (in Chinese - NPM) - a central historic landmark of Beijing and the most extensive in the world of the palace complex.
His area of over 720,000 square meters. m. Hence the Celestial Empire ruled the 24 emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties. This grandiose architectural ensemble, which has, according to legend, 9,999 rooms, is visited by millions of tourists every year. The territory of the Forbidden City is very extensive, and careful examination is required at least a day. To get here from the outskirts of the city without the accompanying proved difficult. Why?
The fact is that even in major Chinese cities, few people speak in English. I've been trying to explain to the taxi driver that I wanted to get into the Forbidden City, Forbidden City. He flatly refused to understand me.
Soon came to help passers-by. Cute girl in the strict business dress, too, did not know a word in English, but a call to someone who knew a word more. Alas, nothing to explain and did not work, the source is clearly did not understand me, but during that time I was able to upload pictures of the desired destination via the Internet on your phone. "NPM" - that's what I had to say to the taxi driver to go in the right direction.
In fairness it should be noted that in the tourist spots in Beijing the problems with the English language does not arise - and the luggage of travelers lightning updated with new suitcases and their contents - smartphones, jersey, plush pandas, magnets with the tooth Wall of China and bought at an exorbitant price "elite" tea.