17 thousand kilometers across Europe
From the Urals to Gibraltar. More precisely, 17640 km. And with Gibraltar, it turns out, we have been deceived. The boundary between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea is located in the Spanish town of Tarifa, and not in Gibraltar. That's how it looks:
On the left - the Atlantic Ocean, with a corresponding sign on the right - the Mediterranean Sea, with a similar sign. And we are on the border path between them. Right and bottom of the strait can see the rocks - it is Africa, Morocco.
In general, the diagram drawn on a poster at this very border, everything is represented like this:
"You are at the southernmost point of Europe."
By the time of arrival to Gibraltar, we passed a little more than half of our total distance - about 9000 kilometers, and it happened on the nineteenth day. Well, the entire route has turned out such:
So we went, from the powerful motorways without speed limits, to modest internal roads.
So, returning to Gibraltar ... From Tarifa you can easily get there by ferry to Africa.
In the car there will be a way to cost one hundred and fifty euro, but we are only at a distance porazglyadyvat Africa ..
Actually, Gibraltar, after which for some reason called the Strait, it is such a small English colony on a rock, which is located 30 km east of tarifskoy borders in the Mediterranean Sea:
And this is the last piece of the Atlantic to the Mediterranean, the beach in Tarifa. At this point, the constant blowing wind, which utilizes the population in full using windmills and kites.
Generally, wind turbines and other renewable energy in Europe is complete. Starting with Poland and beyond, they are scattered throughout the free territory. As well as solar panels - on an industrial scale.
and individually, for their houses.
Sometimes they scored a huge field, as far as the eye can see.
In addition to this alternative energy, there are also conventional nuclear power plants.
About the European roads can only say trivial - they are beautiful. Here ordinary freeways, somewhere in the depths of Portugal:
And here is to compare the Russian federal highway of international significance M-9, "Baltic" somewhere in the Tver region.
Vertical road terrain Europeans smooth - cut through the hills.
Build many tunnels.
penetrate into the mountains.
entrance to the city are organized with the help of these tunnels is very dashing. It seems to be just walked the track ...
to enter, to leave the tunnel and suddenly time - is at the center of the city, passing the entry plug inherent in our cities.
Toll roads began in Poland, in Germany they are not, and then always in stock. While there is always an alternative, but it is often much slower - two-way traffic, speed limits, traffic lights and towns roundabout. Simple intersections in the West rarely seen, almost all in the form of a roundabout with the advantage of driving on the ring. At the entrance to towns and villages, where the limit of 50 km / h, there are often radars with indicators that show the distance your speed. Yet there are automatic traffic lights, for ostuzhennoy riders. If you exceed the speed - turns on red, not exceed - Journeying through without stopping.
Toll roads we initially avoided, it was interesting to drive through the outback and see the life within. But when you need to quickly get from one point to another - they have no alternatives. Methods of reckoning varied, but usually when traveling this item ...
The machine produces a magnetic card, which remembers the place of entry.
And on the road is the price paid by card or cash, with people in the booths, or with cash registers - guns.
The people riding in general friendly, emergency gang, not because but warn of traffic jams ahead, but the surprise failure to comply with speed limits. We advance frightened many penalties for violations, but apparently something changed. On highways, where the restriction 120 or 130 km / h, we dashing overtaking numerous modest avtomobilchiki at a rate of 150 and above. Although, of course, is not easy not to drive on such a beautiful highways with beautiful landscapes and bridges, viaducts are called here.
Some of these bridges look like real works of engineering art.
done, apparently, in ancient times.
And this construction has a couple of thousand years. Similar to the viaduct, but it's not a bridge, and a Roman aqueduct in Spanish town of Segovia. Stones at him just lying on each other, without any binding solution.
But the modern bridge in Lisbon, capital of Portugal. He is the longest in Europe - 17 km.
His, we drove quite by accident, not knowing what this beauty is on the way.
But the famous Millau Viaduct in France, we visited intentionally. He is shorter - about three kilometers, but the height record holder - about 300 meters.
Even the night around him.
Multi-level interchanges - a sure sign of approaching the city or powerful nodes. For example, here is this - about the Spanish Malaga. In these interchanges is easy to get confused and accidentally leave not there even with the navigator.
View of Malaga itself is beautiful from the road .. From the sea it sank cloud.
The road after Gibraltar, along the east coast of Spain, passes near the Mediterranean Sea
With stunning views, when you want to just stand and admire.
And of course swimming. This is Portugal, Atlantic Ocean near a place called the World.
But the first time we touched the Atlantic in France, Dune de Pyla. At this point a constant steady wind from the ocean namol along the shore of a huge long sandy dune height of more than a hundred meters.
On the one hand - the ocean, the other - France. The ocean here we are surprised with the cold. We are accustomed to the warm tropical seas and then expect something like that. And it turns out the whole Atlantic coast in Europe is very cold, the water will not stay for a long time .. And later checked more than once - to climb into the water in France, Portugal, Spain - always cold, even in the south coast of the Spanish Mediterranean. By the way, the wind in Gibraltar, due to which there is such a bunch of wind turbines, explains just a difference of cold ocean temperatures and the warm Mediterranean.
Due to the steady wind, the Dune de Pyla - one of the recognized paragliding locations. Hundreds of wings clock hanging over the sands.
And the wind blows soap bubbles Huge!
Further south. Very nice place on the southern coast of Portugal near the town of Sesmarias.
The waves knocked bizarre rocks and formed the quiet sandy coves
And this is a warm Mediterranean Sea. La Granadella, province of Alicante. At the bottom of this interesting small beach ...
When we came down to it, discovered a curious warning:
Do not deceive
Of course, on the way there were also ordinary urban beaches like this, in Valencia.
On the night we tried to stay close to the sea. Ocean 50 meters 20 meters to the left and downward. Sesmarias, Portugal.
In the evening, accompanied the sun (Dune de Pyla, France).
to examine the coast and the night lights of Africa (the Strait of Gibraltar, Spain)
We studied the constellation of Orion on the Mediterranean coast near Alicante, Spain.
And the Big Dipper from the Millau Viaduct, France.
Met dawn by the sea (Alicante).
And at sites in France depth.
Or to the Portuguese rocks.
We spent the night mainly in the car. Although you stayed in the hotel and spent several nights in a Spanish country house in Sangarcía. I tried several times to stay in the campgrounds, but failed. The most convenient appeared simply recline and mislaid without installing tents, inflating mattresses and mounting, beds. Especially because on European routes parking very ennobled, there are toilets, water, trash cans, tables, benches, often vending machines. But gas stations generally entire towns with shops, cafes, car self-service devices. 1-2 euros you can wash your own car, pump up the wheel ... well, civilization. Gas stations often there vayfay.
But in general, the Internet in Europe was surprisingly zhutok and malodostupen. Rarely where there was easy access, usually through a complex system of identification with filling in forms, expulsion SMS codes, phone numbers and other reference zamorochkami. And going all this quest, usually gets a very stripped-down version with overlapped protocols, ports, and so on. D. Probably because they are fighting against terrorists and other violators of copyright laws. One of the few downsides Tarabya life.
Mountains - one of the main attractions of Europe. These mountains in Spain about two kilometers in height between Madrid and Segovia. At the bottom of the mountain lake or reservoir. We even plunged into it ... prohladnenko
The same mountain range, behind which is Madrid. In the view of Segovia has its own name - "The dead woman." Like ..
And this the Pyrenees, near Spain's border with France.
scenics, peaks hidden in the clouds ..
Over the road from a mountain stream hang heavy rock.
And this is Switzerland, Alps. Well-groomed houses in alpine meadows.
Mountain cow Swiss nationality.
The alpine lake in the rays of ...
Lake Geneva. On the other side - Lausanne, Switzerland. And this is still France, Publius.
One day, the navigator took us to the ferry. We're a little surprised, but not filed mind and agreed to cross over 25 Swiss francs through this Firvaldshtadskoe lake in Switzerland. It turned 4 km of the lake against several tens of kilometers around.
Waterfalls also have met many times on the road. This in the Pyrenees, on the border of Spain and France. Directly under a waterfall in the mountain punched 4-kilometer tunnel and on the other side is already in France. And exactly the same waterfall.
And this Swiss waterfall in the Alps around ... Unterbaha barrier, visible in the picture, at the intersection with the runway of the local airport. The road is covered with the aircraft take-offs and landings.
This waterfall under the bridge - in front of the famous German castle Neuschwanstein in a couple of kilometers from the Austrian border.
From the bridge the lock seen like this
And this is the part of the front door. On the Internet, eating sea of pictures of the castle, puzzles are sold, the model for the assembly. Because we and brought to him. It's funny that it is not near as impressed as the pictures. It was not as great, and even partly on the restoration.
Beneath Neuschwanstein another castle - Hohenschwangau
It is smaller, but like podrevnee Neuschwanstein, built in the 19th century. This is built in the 12th century.
In Spain, too, have the locks. In the same Segovia, where the aqueduct, the Alcazar castle towers, which are also a bunch of centuries, though the younger of the ancient Roman aqueduct.
But in general, all the major structures of the European Union can be found in one place. It's called Mini-Europe and is based in Brussels, capital of Belgium, the European Union and NATO.
A bunch of attractions all EU countries there are reproduced in 1:25 scale. For example, here is the Grand Place, Brussels' central square. Every two years on it create a carpet of flowers. We were lucky,
On the very day when we visited Brussels, the carpet has been created so that you can compare the original model:
Also, wandering around the city, we were surprised to see in the center of Brussels, the memory of the homeland - Stalingrad and Stalingrad Avenue hotel.
In general, the Russian trace in Europe a bit, but there are. For example, here is a sign that we found somewhere in the suburbs of Lisbon. I do not know what it meant then, but we somehow reminded his native country ..
And this Niva caught in the center of Berlin.
our country at all left marks much more in Berlin. Some people here earn Soviet paraphernalia at the Brandenburg Gate.
But the most impressed more. I'll start from afar to enter the environment. Here is one of the main streets of Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni in the Tiergarten park environment. At the bottom of the shadow of the Victory Column, from the top of which we have made this picture. And at the end of the street one can see the Brandenburg Gate. To the left, beyond the wood building with columns and a dome. This Reichstag. Another left - government buildings in Germany. That is, here there is the assembly of the German character, its victories, leaders around the column there are monuments of Bismarck, Wilhelm of Prussia and other invaders. And among the symbols of national pride of Germans seen little flyspeck in the woods to the left of the goal.
If you bring this point begins to take shape, here on the left, in the woods. Incidentally, this is the territory of the former West Berlin. Directly in front of the gate was held before the famous Berlin Wall, behind which was the GDR.
And Mini-Europe captures just the process of destruction of the wall, and in the dynamics. It was amusing to watch as it is constantly collapsing and again appears on this model. Such things a reminder to the Germans.
So, returning to the figure in the woods that it was close. Monument to Soviet soldiers erected a few months after the capture of Berlin in nineteen forty-five.
When we arrived in Berlin, we knew very little about the city, in addition, that it has Reichstag and somewhere some Brandenburg Gate. Abandoned car near the Tiergarten park, because there was no parking machines, could be seen something similar to these same gates and went to explore the surrounding area. We go to the park, not bothering anyone, and suddenly - a tank! Soviet! Native thirty four. Moreover, the modification of T-34-76, release the start of the war, almost all of whom were killed in the early days of the German invasion.
In general, the impression was absolutely drop dead. Among the symbols of victories and conquests of the German nation, a few hundred meters from the German government (won, the Reichstag dome is seen behind the tank, together with the main flag) came Russian soldiers buried two thousand of their dead and hoisted above them the monument with protection in the form of tanks and guns. Splash Germans went totally brilliant - in the zone of occupation of Western troops, which later became West Berlin, tanks, fight to the death in the invasion, soldiers with trehlineykoy and lists of the dead. The Germans are now also have to take care of this evidence of his disgrace among past victories.
Memorial complex in Treptower Park, on the contrary, disappointed. Although he is considered the main, and buried there 20 thousand, but it is not so shrill and peace in the Tiergarten. Immediately evident that he was doing a few years later, when dulled the pain of loss and the freshness of victory, with some cold officialdom.
Clever Germans carefully restored pompous Stalin edification German people along the mass graves, and now the whole memorial is perceived as a cold-detached.
Paris. There all sorts of historic buildings, but by far, the main symbol - the Eiffel Tower. Belgians in the Mini-Europe is also recognized.
Unexpectedly, we found a place to park at the tower, and spent the night almost directly below it.
And before that, in the evening, when we arrived in Paris, climbed the tower, took off their night beauty - Seine with bridges, the Palais de Chaillot with fountains where we parked, and then in a circle ...
The result here is a Globe Paris.
At the Champ de Mars, at the foot of the tower, at night going to the crowds (photo Globe this path, going down from the tower, studded with dots - people), to see the beautiful illuminated with flickering lights and rotating beacon on top.
The next day, after spending the night under the tower, walk around Paris. Here such interesting birds fed near Notre Dame Cathedral
It turns out, this cathedral is located on the island, it is a two-headed structure.
And this is very similar to the Brussels Cathedral
But inside, as usual in all such institutions, trade god and divine attributes.
Western churches are also trying to catch up with civilization and progress - candles have become electrical and lit automatically when lowering 2-evrov coins.
Louvre. There are already boring and too hot. Somewhere under those glass pyramid underground, among the crowds are attached to the beautiful, hanging the Mona Lisa and other Refaeli. But the crowd did not fall within the scope of our interests, we go further
A little animated, talking to fine ladies in the gardens of the Tuileries on the background of the Eiffel Tower
But in general, to wander on foot through the European cities is quite tedious. And on expensive cars - parking in the center cost 3-5 euros per hour. Therefore, in Europe, it is actively developing cycling. On the roads comes a lot of cars with bicycles hooked.
And in cities - many automatic Bicycle. And well-developed infrastructure of bicycle paths and cycling.
In Paris met more rolling elektromobilchiki standing on the charge.
Parking for cars under buildings. I do not know how they managed to dig huge parking lots at already standing on top of high-rise buildings.
The multi-storey parking and are made under the majority of areas, such as under this Plaza de España in Madrid, where we left the car.
By the way, it is a monument to Don Quixote, or rather, Cervantes
It is very similar to that in Brussels, which we happened to notice. Apparently made by one project. Only Belgian smaller, and without Cervantes.
In general, by the way there are all sorts of shapes. For example, here is such an incomprehensible, somewhere in northern Spain.
or those bulls with all personal belongings Byczyna, placed on all roads of Spain. Apparently, there is respect for the bulls ...
We even accidentally hit on the bullfight, arranged in a village Sangarcía, where a few days to live. Bullfight held in celebration of the days of the village and was teasing the bulls rural youth and active escape from them.
Although sometimes there were also close contacts. Township legends claim that each year on such an errand someone dies, or mutilated ... a tribute to tradition ...
Another strange monument somewhere in Lisbon. By the time of the capital of Portugal directions we are already so tired of cities that come out of Lisbon and did not explore in detail.
And Riga was the first foreign city in which we were staying. That's Freedom Monument
to elect representatives of Latvia in the Mini-Europe.
Although, in my opinion, there are prettier places in Riga.
Kaunas. No town. Nothing of interest in it is not found, except for this bridge, under which 15 years ago flew Lithuanian pilot, in which the honor of a memorial plaque was installed on it.
Prague. Slightly shocked us after their Soviet Western capitals jams at the entrance, the lack of normal parking, and in general any general shabbiness. Perhaps it is better to enter from the east, that impression has not been corrupted by Western prosperity .. In general, vylazit and we wander through it did not, and the time it was a little bit. Just a little circled in the middle car and drove away.
Moscow. We hooked her twice - when went there, and when the back.
Ghastlier jams on the ring at the entrance and at the exit. And some stupidity of the organization of movement. Nowhere in Western Europe has not seen anything like it. In the center there is, of course, there are traffic jams, but entry and exit at all noticeable. Only have time to follow the commands, and the Navigator suddenly find yourself in the countryside. Or in the center. Almost non-stop. And then ... a few hours away to get around Moscow.
Pskov. The ancient town on the border with the difficult fate of the border.
Nizhniy Novgorod. A beautiful city on the banks of the Volga and Oka hospitable relatives.
Cheboksary. Only a little touched, almost never seen. Hurry. Although have seen good people.
These are the places in the journey we visited. Basically, all was calm and planned. There was only a couple of disturbing situations. One adventure we have dawned in Berlin, when the machine on a busy intersection bucked and refused to go further. Lit bulb terrible ESP, ABS, blocked box in position "P" and pretended tank T-34 with a broken transmission among hostile Berlin. I inevitably had to assume the role of the driver of the tank, waiting faustpatron in the side of the police, towing and other fine pleasures.
But there were only a cursory fire from small arms in the form of rings outraged Germans. After 4 minutes, the box was able to unlock clever persuasion and the car gained speed. Then came the search for Suzuki service and negotiations on the German-English with the promise of tomorrow's arrival of the proper master. Then in the parking lot, after thorough research into the problem, finding out that everything else still and do not burn the brake lights, diagnosis and treatment of an educated bet, the machine could result in the condition. On-board computer has been restarted, and more for the remaining 13 thousand kilometers the car is not rebelled.
While being attacked, that was the second adventure.
This happened in Portugal, when we reached the Atlantic Ocean and stood up for the night in the bushes on the bank.
In the morning I woke up because of me crawling. I open my eyes - the ant. Many ants. The entire interior in ants. I opt out, to initiate an investigation. It turns out that when parked in the evening, one small twig leaned against the bumper. And for this twig nearby anthill decided to move us in the car.
I do not know that they are so attracted to the Russian car, or a heavy Portuguese life, or some delicious smells, or craving for travel ... The negotiations came to nothing lead, and we went to look for weapons of mass destruction in the form of insecticides , simultaneously conducting local fighting units with particularly brazen hexapod, dissecting on the windshield, or trying to get into the ear. Along the way, driven by himself anxious thoughts about peregryzennoy wiring and venomous bites. But nothing happened. New ant did not come to the liking of insects. Apparently, too fast moving, roaring, and blew air conditioning. In short, a couple of days last Portuguese troops left the inhospitable Russian and went to live in a troubling unknown Spanish Gibraltar. Or, staged a mass grave somewhere in the depths of the iron and someday we stumble at it ..
In general, this was the main reason for the trip - to accompany our athletes, who were traveling to Spain to win in Marugán in the world championship in the sport paramotor. There I managed to fly.
But a little.
The competition was difficult, very responsible.
to participate in them more than a hundred vehicles from a variety of countries.
We had a small team
And the crew Cyril Ekimov in the difficult struggle of all bypassed and became the world champion in the class of double powered parachute!
Greetings maruganskih pilots
By the way, on the road we met a lot of balls over Europe, and even airships. And one day, over France, we have seen a gas balloon. Later I learned that in those days was held the next Gordon Bennett Cup in ballooning, which was attended by the Russian crew of Leonid Tyuhtyaeva and Sergey Grishin. The bottom line - who will fly farther from the start in a balloon, inflated with helium. The balls can fly for several days, in obedience to currents and wind vertical maneuvers using ballast sand. dangerous competition, last year's American crew was in a storm over the Mediterranean Sea and died. Our this year, took fifth place. This seems to be one of the balls, took part in the competitions.
The sky over Europe are generally very volatile. In some places it is completely cut up by the following aircraft.
In fact, this border we crossed only once. More precisely, two - back and forth. This procedure takes more than one hour to several stoppages and sluggish border, sometimes bored to dig it is unclear to what.
Even looking through the registrar, we have found that unexpectedly visited the geographical center of Europe, which was in a small Polish town of Suchowola. Although in reality, it is still a controversial issue.
And the rest of the border were quite conventional. Some we passed, and without noticing, as seen from the border signs turned here is a picture.
Statistics journey can be viewed on the map, broken down on the left - on days with a day and a total mileage, and the right - of the countries.
17640 km, 32 days, drove the 14 countries examined 20 cities, towns and villages, including 8 capitals.
It spent 1190 liters of petrol. Average consumption - 6.7 liters / 100 km. The cost of gasoline in Europe of 1.44 euros per liter in the outback of Spain to 1.79 on the road in Germany.
For all gasoline conversion paid 63 thousand rubles, or more than half of budget travel. On the food it took 15 thousand rubles for two. Housing - 9000. On toll roads - 4000. On parking, tours, museum - 4.5 thousands. Souvenirs, gifts, shopping - 5000. All travel budget amounted to about 110 thousand rubles.
Taken 18 000 photos, of which there is shown 130 and 700 gigabytes of video recorder in the car.