10 Strangest taxes in the world
In the XVIII century, Benjamin Franklin said that in life there is nothing inevitable except death and taxes. The latter appeared long before the phrase was uttered the famous politician. The need to collect taxes arose when the state began to take shape first.
Initially, fees were imposed the ownership of land, livestock and workers. But the state needs grew, and with them appear more strange and sometimes ridiculous taxes. Emperor Vespasian ordered the charge in Rome fee for the use of public toilets, so there was a popular expression "money does not smell" on the air tax existed in Byzantium, to pay which had the owners of expensive houses, and in Bashkiria in the XVII century was a tax on the color of eyes .
Before you ten most bizarre tax, currently existing in the various countries of the world and able to surprise, amuse and puzzle.
The tax on plaster (Austria)
Austria - one of the most popular countries in Europe for a ski holiday. Every year in the season it attracts skiers and snowboarders from around the world, and it was decided to impose their unusual tax. The availability of health insurance for tourists to the Austrian authorities was not enough, so they introduced the compulsory ski collection, called "tax on the cast." Each year, about 150,000 skiers during skiing are injured and are in local hospitals. Calculate the total amount of their treatment, the Austrian authorities decided to charge the athletes with an additional tax that is included in the price of ski services. All funds raised power is transmitted to medical institutions in Austria for treatment of fractures and other injuries. Thus, the skiers themselves "thrown off" the treatment of himself and his fellow adventurers.
at the world tax (Republic of Guinea)
West African countries are among the poorest in the world. But despite this, their inhabitants still taxable, some of which can be classified as very strange. Thus, residents of the Republic of Guinea, which contains almost all the population below the poverty line, still pay a tax on the world, although there were no military operations in the country right now is not conducted. Each year, a peaceful life costing citizens about € 17, which is quite appreciable sum for the Guineans. For comparison, a kilogram of coffee in the Republic of Guinea can be bought for 50 cents. Guinean similar tax existed in the XI century in England: the knights were obliged to pay special fees in the years when there were wars in the country. Tax existed for about 300 years and was then replaced by other ways to replenish the treasury at the expense of the troops.
The tax on cow farts (Estonia)
This may seem like a joke, but a tax on cow farts in Estonia does exist. And he was introduced not so long ago - in 2008. In a country where there is a large number of polluting the atmosphere of large enterprises to impose "ecological" it was decided to collect cattle owners. The main air pollutants Estonian MPs include cows is considered that during the life isolated in methane atmosphere. Interestingly, the pigs, horses and other animals to levy a tax not have. It should be noted that attempts to introduce a tax similar to Estonian, made earlier. Such an initiative was discussed in 2003 in New Zealand. Agricultural tax farts famous NZ cows suggested introducing a Labor government, but bumping into a protest by farmers abandoned the idea.
in the sun Tax (Balearic Islands)
In the early 2000s, the "sunshine" collection was introduced in the Balearic Islands. Tax levied in the sun all tourists coming to the archipelago. Travelers arriving in the popular resorts of Ibiza, Mallorca, Menorca and other islands have daily pay € 1 per stay here. Collected through the tax on the sun means the power is directed to the improvement of tourism infrastructure, such as cleaning beaches and coastal areas of debris, as well as the restoration of the local ecological balance. It is worth noting that in 2012 the Balearic Islands visited by 10, 4 million foreign tourists, so that the proceeds from the sun of the tax to the Treasury have been very significant.
The tax on a barbecue (Belgium)
In April 2007, the government of the Belgian region of Wallonia, whose territory is home to about 4 million people, has decided to fight global warming in an unusual way - and imposed a tax on the barbecue. Feasibility of such a collection confirmed environmentalists, according to which, during cooking food on a grill emits an average of 50 to 100 g of carbon dioxide, which, in turn, is causing climate change. Residents of Wallonia, who want to have a barbecue in the private garden, have to pay tax at a rate of € 20, and this should be done every time you use the grill. Avoid paying collection is unlikely, since the monitoring of compliance with tax law is carried out from the air. Territory patrolled by helicopters equipped with thermal cameras and capable of detecting heat sources.
The tax on disposable chopsticks (China)
Chopsticks - the traditional East Asian cutlery. They were about three thousand years ago and quickly gained fans, among whom was the philosopher Confucius, saying that only they have a place at the dinner table. Today in China, chopsticks are still given special preference, however, since 2006, for the opportunity to use their citizens pay a special tax. A fee of 5% of the sales of each pair of rods was introduced in order to protect forests from cutting out. about 45 billion pairs of disposable chopsticks every year in China is used and thrown away for food, for the manufacture of which destroyed 25 million trees. Realizing that at the current rate of deforestation in the country could disappear in the next decade, the authorities have decided to impose the use of chopsticks tax. By the way, in addition to rods, the Chinese government also taxed all products made of bamboo.
The tax on tattoos and piercings (USA)
Residents of the US state of Arkansas should think twice before you get a tattoo or piercing. The fact is that in addition to the master services, they will also have to pay, and a special collection, which has already managed to get into the list of the most unusual US tax according to the magazine Time. Tax on piercings and tattoos was introduced in Arkansas in 2005, and since then each applied to the body of the tattoo and piercing each require an additional tax in the amount of 6% of their value. Perhaps the introduction of the tax was due to start a couple of years ago in the US campaign against the tattoo. The authorities have decided to deal with unprofessional drawing on the body, due to which there is a risk of contracting dangerous diseases such as HIV, hepatitis or tuberculosis. Tax deductible, but so far the number of those wishing to get a tattoo in the US high: among Americans aged 25 to 34 years old the tattoo is one in three.
in the shadow Tax (Venice)
In the early 90th Venice authorities have decided that you can not collect taxes only from material objects, and introduced a tax on the shadow in 1993. Unusual collection levied almost all the owners of shops, restaurants and cafes, the shadow of the institutions that fall on municipal land. Part of the businessmen prefer to be removed from the facade awnings and canopies, and those who decided to keep the appearance of their establishments unchanged Venice annually replenish their budget contributions. Despite the strangeness charge fees, it still has not been canceled. In addition, to pay the tax on the owners of the shadow of Venetian restaurants and cafes have to not only solar, but also on cloudy days, which are in the city on the water much more. It is worth noting that in the shadow of the tax is not the only non-material collection in the world. For example, in Lithuanian Klaipeda introduced on rainwater tax at the end of 2012.
The tax on civil marriage (China)
Civil marriage - not a new phenomenon. He appeared in the Netherlands in the XVI century, when people belonging to different faiths, they could not get married in the church. Nowadays, the number of official marriages in the world is shrinking and the number of civil unions is growing. For example, in Sweden, France and other European countries at least 60% of couples are living, not registering their relationship, and such statistics are not afraid of the local authorities. But in China, like trends, on the other hand, are seen as dangerous and decided to deal with them with the help of the yuan. Back in the mid-90s in China was introduced to civil marriage tax. The idea to charge it with all unregistered couples came up with the authorities of the Chinese city of Tianjin in 1996. Since living together without formalizing relations costs "violators" of one thousand yuan a year, which is about € 120. Taxes are levied on those whom the local authorities reported that people live unpainted.
Tax Extenders consciousness (USA)
Replenish the tax budget of the country, US authorities manage even using illicit drugs. In 2005, Tennessee was established tax on psychotropic substances. The list of substances that have come under the article of taxation, were marijuana, cocaine, ecstasy and other narcotic drugs. Pay tax traders offered anonymously and in case of arrest, they can present the court with evidence of payment and thus guarantee a right to indulgence. It is also worth noting that at the beginning of February 2013 the US Congress, Democrats took the initiative to decriminalize cannabis throughout the US (currently allowed in 40% of the state). Thus legislators offer to Washington to make money on hemp by introducing new taxes. According to their calculations, if the excise tax in the amount of $ 50 per ounce fees will bring to the treasury every year around $ 20 billion.