7 ways in which the study makes you stupid at the University
How exciting and useful to study at university, graduating, you have many times told. Today we present a selection of facts proving that spent on studies in five years, you will not only learn a lot, but perhaps slightly poglupeete. So, seven scientifically proven ways that study at university makes you stupid:
The University - an institution where the learning process is carried out in the team. Had neither the time nor the resources to educate each student individually, so that in the end are a group of 20-30 people. Often teachers group crushed to even more small parts, but the work in small groups does not make you smarter.
Researchers at the Research Institute at Virginia asked the students to pass IQ tests, first individually and then in groups of five. In the second case, the results were significantly worse. Apparently this happens because the social status plays a huge role in how the brain works, so that when people have to focus on their social role in the group, even if unconsciously, to focus on the main current task is not impossible. Researchers believe that in five years of teaching this behavior is fixed and can manifest itself after the institute, for example, during business meetings.
2. Sitting all day
Sitting in one place all day reduces mental capacity. Dr. James Levine of the Mayo Clinic conducted a series of tests to find out how prolonged sitting affects on human health, and the results were disappointing. The main objective was to understand how long daily immobility effect on weight gain, but it turned out that it affects the brain. Levin found that people who sit on the ground for more than two hours per day, significantly reduced metabolism - a factor that is directly related to cognitive ability. Your brain uses glucose as a fuel that occurs in the body due to the burning of calories. So a few hours of classes or night cramming before exams may lead to the fact that the brain begins to perceive the information is not as effective.
Surely quickly switch between current affairs tried everything. Intense training schedule will force any student to try to do several things at once, but in fact it is absolutely not conducive to progress. When you try to do several things at once, you will make each of them worse.
Those students who aspire to be multitasking, open to new information and after a short time to remember her hard. For example, when they were shown the letter sequence, they could not specify how often repeats the same letter. Often students can not determine whether a number is odd or even, or according to them the letter or vowel. Researchers believe that people who regularly so multitask weakened their ability to filter out unnecessary data, and now it is difficult to focus on one subject. So the next time you decide to math lesson on sociology, you can simply leave the audience - so you'll learn more as paradoxical as it sounds.
It does not matter whether you're running to relieve stress after a busy school day, or drive off a morning hangover, running down the street - it's a great way to cheer up and increasingly popular hobby among young people. But for your studies hobby can run a hindrance.
Jogging in an urban environment or in any place where, in varying degrees, there is pollution, reduces your ability to absorb new information. University of Brussels runners divided into two groups: one regular run in the city, others - in the country. It turned out that urban runners reduced concentration and reaction. This is due to the high concentration of harmful substances in the blood after an hour of running. Output will be run on a windy day, or in the rain, when the city still gets cleaner.
Stress - it is a normal part of university life. You are constantly in the limelight, your future depends on your assessment, and you often have to hide their actions. In such circumstances, to respond adequately to stressful situations becomes more and more difficult.
Yale stress Center examined 100 people, took place in the past, through a strong stressful situations. The results showed that the stronger was stressful experiences, the greater was perefronatlnaya cortex - an area of the brain responsible for impulse control and emotional stability. These abilities are important to our ability to learn from experience. Moreover, stress reduces the number of neurons in the brain, thereby reducing the ability of the brain to process and store new information.
The need to constantly get up early or spend sleepless nights preparing for the lectures, also can make you stupid. At the University of Berkeley, we carried out an experiment on hamsters to find out exactly how lack of sleep affects the mental faculties. Sleep graph hamsters changed every 6 days, resulting in neuronal activity animals decreased by 50%. Some of them were not even able to find a wheel. Hamsters showed a decline of mental abilities for a month after being returned to a normal daily routine. Thus, lack of sleep can have long-term consequences.
Statistics show that most of the time we spend at the university, listening to someone else's monologue. So we learn. But at the same time, this way of learning reduces your ability to make rational decisions. 24 students answered questions about how they use one or another financial opportunity, take advantage of an accommodating case in certain circumstances. At the same time they did an MRI of the brain. In some cases, the subjects received advice from "experts" in some - not.
Most of the study participants received exactly as they were advised, even if it was a risk. And when any recommendations they have not, then take into account the risk and make their own decisions based on all the known data, and only then give an answer. According to the MRI, brain activity in such cases was higher.