Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

• Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

Pyramid of Cestius - the ancient mausoleum and the only monument of antiquity in Europe, set up like the Egyptian pyramids. By the pyramid adjacent Emperor Aurelian wall, and behind it is a non-Catholic cemetery - also a very interesting object.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

The pyramid was built in the I century BC. e. for the burial of a prominent politician Gaius Cestius. It is built of concrete, marble. Her height - 36 m.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

Initially Cestius pyramid was outside the city, as people buried in Rome itself was not. Now it is on a busy street. The photo shows how the road above the level at which the base of the pyramid.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

On the walls of the pyramid shattered ancient inscriptions. One of them consists of a name was buried and his job, and the other tells us that the construction of the pyramids took 330 days.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

In spite of the existence of these highly visible signs, as many as fifteen hundred years, the Romans believed that this is the tomb of the legendary Remus, founders of Rome. Why and why so long - is unclear.

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Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

Only in the second half of the XVII century on the orders of the Pope's study of this structure was carried out, was found entrance into, and inside -. Burial chamber length of 6 m, a width of 4 m and a height of nearly 5 m There are inscriptions have been found, It is telling that kind of structure.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

It is believed that Cestius tomb was plundered in antiquity. However, it is difficult to believe that the two penetration is a gulf and a half millennia. Which for so many years waiting for?

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

Cestius Pyramid in the XVIII century. Engraving by Piranesi.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

Cestius Pyramid in the XVIII century. Engraving by Piranesi.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

In the III century emperor Aurelian hedged Rome fortress wall 19 km long. Cestius pyramid was incorporated into the wall as a powerful reinforcement.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

After the Aurelian wall finishing work subsequent emperors, and it reached a height of 15 m width of the wall -.. 3, 4 m It is made of concrete, lined with brick. Number of towers reached 383.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

Despite the fact that at the time of the Gothic dominion third wall was dismantled in the Middle Ages, it remained a powerful defensive works. She still looks good.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

In the pyramid of Cestius lies the non-Catholic cemetery, which is also often referred to as a Protestant, although there are buried and people professing other religions.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

The cemetery appeared in the middle of the XVIII century, and officially opened in 1821. The decision was taken in view of the increasing number of foreigners traveling, mostly students, writers and artists who in the era of romanticism were sent to Rome from the north of Europe. Most of them were Protestants who were not allowed to be buried together with the Catholics.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

At the cemetery, many famous people are buried. Somewhere there is a tomb of Russian artist Karl Bryullov, but I have not found it.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

different faiths, different nationalities. This, then, Russian Orthodox ...

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

And it is not clear who. Ancient Egyptians?

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

The cemetery is striking grandeur and variety of tombstones and other monuments.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

the pyramid of Cestius View from the cemetery. The fully visible side of the pyramid, at the bottom, is seen at its input.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

The next time you go on, walking already on the Roman Forum.

Pyramid of Cestius, and non-Catholic cemetery

Random photo: ruins of the Baths of Caracalla.