Venezuela - a country of victorious socialism
Venezuela I have always been associated with paradise on earth. This haven of peace, where petrol costs 2 rubles per liter, in the streets of happy children running around, and the people worships its leader Hugo Chavez. And you know, socialism is really won. Children in schools are taught the works of Karl Marx and Che Guevara, and completely free. Adults love to party and trade currency on the black market, to somehow make money. The party, in gratitude, gives them free apartments and a pension of $ 200. The entire country is living in slums and goes to the bathroom with a flashlight, but first things first.
Chavez is definitely one of the most controversial politicians of today. Like any self-respecting Latin American banana ruler, he came to power through revolution. Now, since 1999 successfully held for the throne, till death do us part. By the way, this moment may come very soon. Recently I happened to him a sad story.
Chavez several years battling cancer. In recent weeks, his condition has deteriorated. December 31 removed a cancerous tumor complications, after which the patient fell into a coma. Chavez did not speak for a month before the country on television, and even on the radio, which had never happened before. At the same time yesterday, was to be held the next inauguration of Hugo Chávez after another victory in the presidential election. His supporters in honor of this remarkable event held demonstrations in downtown Caracas and in style marked a significant event, even without the hero for the day. The fact that Chavez is going to make it, there are few who believe. What happens next, is also unclear. Here it should be noted that Chavez does support many Venezuelans.
Once, Hugo decided to hold a referendum in the country with the aim to extend the presidential term and pupate in office forever. Inexperience he was somewhat overestimated the degree of love to his people, and the people of his hire. They say that while Chavez was extremely angry and even broke all the dishes in the palace. Then Chavez came to, and held a second referendum. This time it all happened and the necessary amendment to the Constitution, abolishing restrictions on the re-election of the head of the republic, was adopted.
At the heart of its policies, Chavez always put flirting in front of the poor and uneducated sections of the population, of which there are many in Venezuela. The first thing to come to power, he has selected and divided. He nationalized all that work in the country, from mobile to oil production. He abolished the entrance exams to universities. And the rest of the exams too. "Entrance exams in high schools of the country are an outdated method that eliminates the possibility of higher education for young people from the masses ... In this regard, the entrance exams are canceled," - said Chavez. He also organized a special address to the nation, urging Venezuelans do not sing in the shower, because those who sing in the shower, stay there for a long time and do not spend sparingly water supplies. In Venezuela does a liter of gasoline is cheaper than water (20 liters - 1 dollar), free medicine and education, free housing and other bonuses for the masses.
Education, by the way, there is also special. Hugo Chavez approved the list of literature for students with which they will necessarily have to meet. This monograph of the President, "The Communist Manifesto," Karl Marx's writings of Ernesto Che Guevara and other works, which will help them get rid of capitalist thinking, and to strengthen the collective consciousness and a better understanding of the ideals and values "necessary for the construction of a socialist country."
At the moment the government is the result of the complete equality of the rich with the poor: those that others have to go to the bathroom with a flashlight, because of the fact that due to the genius of the Board of Chavez in the country introduced a strict regime of energy savings. A Venezuelan television said that the saving mode is entered, because the country's unprecedented drought, the water in the reservoirs of power plants is almost gone and Chavez here absolutely nothing to do with.
Despite the care of the national leader, the masses live in appearance very bad. Mountains and hills are covered with snow like slums, where most of the population lives. Pension at all the same and equal to $ 200, child - $ 30 per month, the average salary - 300 dollars. And there is another important point. Many reports found inflated figures financial success of the country, for example, I read that the minimum wage - $ 600. The whole point of the dollar. There is an official exchange rate at which $ 1 give 4.3 Venezuelan bolivar. Actual same rate - 1 to 15 - almost three times higher. The country has a huge black market currency. Change everything. At the airport, offering to change dollars start to finish customs and taxi drivers. Me on the street and in cars - everywhere. There is no such Venezuelans who refuse to change your currency. Dollars in the country do not have to buy them and the official exchange rate is impossible. But perhaps feed the gullible foreigners beautiful figures. In fact the minimum wage of $ 600 becomes drawn 200 real. it is not recommended to pay by bank cards in the country in this regard, as the conversion you will have to go on the public course! When traveling to Venezuela take more dollars.
However, the Venezuelan has the opportunity to buy dollars at goskursu if he travels abroad. To do this, go 7 circles of bureaucratic hell, fill out a bunch of papers and then the birthplace you to buy up to $ 3,000 per year at an advantageous rate. Many people do so, and sent to the United States purchased.
But back to Hugo. It is worth noting that this is the most touching dictator, whom I met. For example, there are coins of 1, 5, 10, 12.5, 25, 50 centimes ... WHAT? Twelve and a half centimes ?! Yes, it's not a mistake. Long ago, when Hugo went on foot under the table, I was in Venezuela 12.5 centimes coin, which can be bought hlebushek. And so it was remembered Chavez, he decided to return the coin of this denomination in circulation.
And Hugo loves to sing and talk. He owns numerous records along the length of speeches. For example, a year ago, at the annual address to parliament, he did not get down from the podium almost 11 hours. In the previous year, he said only 7 hours. Chavez has his own talk show on Venezuelan television, where he was on the air for hours each day communicating with the masses.
It seems that in the school of dictators all taught that all the ills and evils of the United States. Venezuela is no exception. The main enemy of Chavez - damn America. Awful, awful, rotten through and through America. Any State which had a row with the United States can automatically rely on a friendly supply of cheap Venezuelan oil as a compensation for their suffering. For example, Cuba receives nearly free oil from Chavez as it manages to sell well and this is welded.
Like any normal dictator Chavez recognizes Abkhazia and South Ossetia in exchange for Russian missiles.
As you know, there is nothing that unites two people as friendship against a third. Chavez's favorite activity - friends against the United States. Friends Union against even called "axis of good". It includes Cuba, Bolivia, Venezuela and co.
"I can smell you still smells of sulfur here was the devil.." - the performance of Chavez at the UN General Assembly. Before Chavez on this podium George. W. Bush.
"Go back to hell, shit Yankees, American!" - from the speech, commented on the decision to expel the US ambassador from Venezuela
Once Chavez is so angry at the United States, he decided "to abandon the imposed time American imperialism." On the orders of Hugo clocks moved 30 minutes ago, and now here your time zone.
As can be seen, the struggle with the hated West is in full swing. There is only one caveat. Venezuela lives exclusively expense of oil exports (someone that reminds me). Without the oil Venezuela will be of a South American analogue of Zimbabwe as a country to live is really not much. And the best part of this export falls on the United States. If all of a sudden States really offended Hugo and impose an embargo on Venezuelan oil, the country will slide quickly to the level of Nicaragua.
Residents of Venezuela's Hugo dislike for the United States do not share. The whole country is watching American movies and dreams of one day to buy dollars and go with them to the hated America to live a normal life. By the way, once Chavez still sent. November 10, 2007 King Juan Carlos of Spain at the Ibero-American Summit, said: "¿Por qué no te callas?" ( "Why do not you shut up?"). The phrase is very fast and very strongly was the meme and spawned more than 9,000 fotozhab, YouTube videos and inscriptions on T-shirts.
Acquaintance with socialism starts at the airport. Rather shabby and dirty terminal. Custom profile, where you are invited to write the value of all the things that you import. Crowds of people mess. All employees of the airport by customs officials to the cleaners come up to you and offer to change money. All. The airport has ATMs 5 from 5 different banks. None of the ATMs do not have money. On the way to the taxi driver the hotel listening to the speech of Chavez ... brrr
In the online booking has only a few hotels in Caracas systems, all five-star ~ with the cost of living an average of 300 euros per night. The only Marriott hotel network after bargaining inferior room without breakfast for $ 200 per night. It is worth noting that the Marriott in Caracas is more like some pension "Salute". Such garbage for the money I did not expect to see, even here. I have in the entrance cleaner than here in the room. Service on the socialist level. In the elevator with lodgers, for example, can run in and the porter, crushing all his cart, go to the right floor, whistling revolutionary hymns.
In Caracas, capital of Venezuela, it was rain. But it's even better to get a photo more dramatic.
The majority of the population lives in slums. In the slums of taxi drivers refuse to go, there does not go the police. Every day they kill about 10 people. Basically, it clashes between local gangs, so the police did not intervene. Random killings small, so that the dangers of rumors are greatly exaggerated. In other areas of the city quite easy.
Since the 1970s the poverty rate increased by 300%.
The tallest building in the city.
Most of the streets look like.
All the houses are very dirty. In the background - a business center.
"I swear, tirelessly, day and night, all his life to build Venezuelan socialism, a new political system, a new social system, a new economic system," - Hugo
The city is very dirty. Rubbish thrown right out the windows.
"I always said I would not be surprised if it turns out that Mars was a civilization, but, probably, there appeared capitalism, imperialism arrived and destroyed the planet." - Hugo Chavez on the air March 22, 2011, the Venezuelan state television
"Either capitalism, which is a straight road to hell, or socialism, if you want to build the kingdom of God on earth"
"I am also a Trotskyist! I am in favor of Trotsky's line of permanent revolution!"
"The boundaries of capitalism there is no solution of the problems facing the Venezuelan masses"
slum dwellers are called "the people Chavez," is home to its main constituency.
As I said, a garbage dump hill.
And this new districts. Now actively started to build social housing to resettle slum. Last year, the contract for the reconstruction of slums received Belarus. Get social housing can be defended or 50 years in line, or on the party's pull. Just as in the Soviet Union.
The Yards ...
The yard parking, just like in Moscow.
All the windows of the lattice, sometimes make an additional visor.
Soviet decoration everywhere, all these worthless mosaic panels and crude sculptures. Reminiscent of some of Novorossiysk late 80s.
In the decent places are not allowed in shorts, a cap and with a gun.
ordinary Soviet cabinet.
In the city there is a McDonald's!
According to local law, any institution catering needs at the entrance to hang the table with all its meals prices. Such tables and hanging at McDonalds and expensive restaurants.
Exit from the entrance.
The city is really very dirty.
Another feature - the whole city polluted political advertising. 90% of it in support of Chavez. Everywhere stencils and lettering.
As I understand it, this is one of the opposition leaders. Chávez supporters portray him with the ears of Mickey Mouse and a clown nose, hinting at its relationship with the hated America. Apparently, autocrats school learn to accuse the opposition leaders in relations with the United States.
Sometimes come across good options.
The city is actively developed by motorcycle taxi.
Stall. the country's centrally set prices on 400 types of goods since 2003, including food, "to fight inflation and protect the poor." Their result was a periodic shortage of food (in a country with tropical agriculture) and a sharp rise in prices. For example, there is a limitation on the holiday of milk and a constant shortage of eggs. In the whole country in the past decade, inflation was 21% in the year, but the food on the black market rose in price by 50% annually. By the way, sometimes the government sells the products at cost. Every weekend, truckloads of cheap chicken, potatoes or bananas come in one of the districts. Catch this truck - a great success.
People sit and watch performances of Chávez on TV.
The southern cemetery, it is quite a bad reputation. First, here, as in other municipal cemeteries thrive vandalism or theft. Secondly, in the South of the cemetery - the place's reputation, which wielded the black magicians, digging bones buried for their occult purposes.
Most of the graves are abandoned.
Some of the graves have become objects of worship. For example, here come to bring good luck and protection from the bandits. Figurines stiffs give a light and a drink.
And this woman helps pass the exams (which Chavez has already canceled), you need to bring and leave her textbook, and if all goes well - to present a plaque in gratitude for their help.
Of course, in Caracas, there are decent places, mainly around military installations. Here, for example, with parades, so clean and beautiful. There are rich areas - villas behind fences. But they are few and they are not interesting.
In the best traditions of the scoop in the park are old tanks. It was convenient to him to climb, they fastened the ladder.
By the way, Venezuela is pleased to Russian citizens. I do not understand why fans of socialism wait for a bright future in the cold Moscow, when you can go into the solar Venezuela today?