The cathedral of St. Peter's Walk
St. Peter's Cathedral or the Basilica of San Pietro - the main Catholic church in Rome - a sign, perhaps, everything. From its balcony the Pope refers to the faithful gathered during Catholic holidays at a location to the cathedral square.
Until recently, it was the largest church in the world. In 1990, the cathedral has given way to the Basilica of Notre Dame de la Paix in the capital of the African nation of Côte d'Ivoire. Photo: Statue of the apostle Peter, standing in front of the facade of the cathedral.
The statue of St. Paul with his sword drawn in his hand. It is standing on the other side of the statue of Peter. At the top of the facade there are statues of John the Baptist, Christ and the apostles except Peter.
The Cathedral of St. Peter stands on the site of the ancient, which was erected in its place, the burial place of the apostle Peter. It was allegedly still in 324. The current building was laid at the beginning of the XVI century and continues to build for centuries, and if you count with statues inside and with an area, then - all half.
The construction of the cathedral at different times occupied by the famous Italian creators: Bramante, Raphael, Michelangelo, Bernini. At the beginning of XVII century on the orders of the Pope, coming from the dome to the front, it was significantly extended. Because of this new facade began to close the dome, which is not very, well, beautiful. Front height - 45 meters.
Inside the cathedral, of course, it affects their grandeur and wealth of decoration. temple length - 211 meters.
You would not guess why the central part enclosed in red barrier. And here's the thing. Inside, on the floor are a mark showing where he ended a large cathedral, if he was here. Like a huge line at which the zero mark is at the far end of the cathedral, if you look at this picture.
Inside the Basilica of so many branches, niches, they are all decorated with a huge number of paintings, statues and other decorations.
The dark building in the center of which stands on four twisted columns - ciborium, the canopy over the tomb of the Apostle Peter. Cast from bronze ornaments, stripped interior of the Pantheon architect Bernini in the middle of the XVII century. His height - 29 m.
Here, a ciborium, under the central dome, is the main altar of the cathedral. Dome, masterpiece architecture has inside height of 119 m and a diameter of 42 m.
The dome rests on four strong pillars. You see, in a niche of the column, which is the right of the ciborium, a distant, standing statue of a man with a spear? This Roman soldier Longinus, who killed Christ.
Beauty is everywhere, even on the ceiling.
Tourists here do not go and crawl space with a huge snake, the tail that stretches over the area's perimeter. The entrance is free. By the way, the entrance and, accordingly, the altar of St. Peter's Basilica, turned to the east, not the west, as in most Christian churches.
There are so many things around, that the eyes diverge. Lose, you do not know where to go, what to watch. Advice to anyone who is going to visit this place: first read about the sights of the Cathedral. There are many tombs of famous personalities and many more masterpieces of world art.
Despite the fact that its external dimensions Basilica of St. Peter gave way to the temple in the Ivory Coast, it can accommodate people three times more - about 50 thousand.
Tourists pray at one of the altars.
In general, you can walk endlessly, and you can sit down, but there is still one place where there is to go - to the top of the central dome of the cathedral.
The inner part near the central dome. The cost of passage up - about five euros. Accessible by elevator - another five - or go on foot, which, of course, not only economical, but also more interesting.
access to the roof of the cathedral. Here you can safely walk, visit souvenir shops. To come closer to the statues adorning the upper part of the front and bottom of the apparent slight. In fact, the height of each - more than five meters.
The central dome. You can see on top of a platform on the colonnade? We - there. The road passes inside the top of the dome wall. To say that the passage close - this is to say nothing. At the end of the path at all was a stone spiral staircase, so narrow that for internal banisters had no place and their place on top of a thick rope hanging - so as not to fall, had to hand hold it.
View from the top of the dome on the roof of the cathedral, on which tourists walk. The inscription in Latin in the foreground reads something like: "It was Pope Pius IX, 1873".
A round far down - this is the famous St. Peter's Square. By the way, the cathedral and the square are in the state of the Vatican. Front of the cathedral borders of this state are just on the perimeter of the square. Externally, it is not indicated, and if you do not know this fact, going to the area, you would never think that you come to another country. Further, though, in the Vatican area so easy you will not pass.
In the center of the square stands the ancient Egyptian obelisk brought to Rome by Emperor Caligula in I century. According to legend, on top of the obelisk was an area in which the ashes of Julius Caesar. By the way, an obelisk and a round area - a sundial.
The Pope asked Michelangelo to drag and set the obelisk in front of the Basilica, but he asked the perennial question - and suddenly broken? After that, the matter was transferred to the architect Domenico Fontana, who established the obelisk in 1586. And later found in different parts of the city has three similar obelisk.
In general, it is strange, is not it? In the heart of the Catholic world standing pagan symbol. Mounted to the same at the behest of the main Catholic.
The arch in the facade of the cathedral - the passage to the rest of the Vatican. On guard standing Swiss Guard, who serve the pope for several centuries. Papal Guard is world famous for his uniform. These guys are very polite and everyone who comes to the question, salute.