Walking through the Coliseum
• Walk on the Coliseum
Coliseum - the amphitheater, one of the biggest arenas, an architectural monument of ancient Rome. Construction was carried out for eight years, 72-80 years, as a collective construction of the emperors of the Flavian dynasty.
Originally called the Flavian Amphitheater Coliseum. Its present name was established to him later, starting from the VIII century, and it happened, most likely, by the enormity of its size.
The Colosseum is located in a valley between three hills. Nearby is the famous Arch of Constantine the Great.
For a long time the Colosseum was for the people of Rome and visiting the main place of entertainment shows, such as gladiator fights and animal baiting.
The Coliseum, of course, enormous. This is the most ancient amphitheater grand: the length of its outer ellipse equals 524 m, the major axis - 187, 77 m, minor axis - 155, 64 m, the height of its walls - from 48 to 50 meters. At this size, he could accommodate about 50,000 spectators.
The systematic destruction of the Coliseum began in the XIV century, coinciding with the beginning of the Renaissance, which is quite strange. Amphitheater dismantled for building materials, which are used in the construction of new buildings, such as St. Peter's church.
The Coliseum has lost two thirds of its original weight; Nevertheless, she still unprecedentedly huge: one architect in the XVIII century gave trouble to roughly calculate the amounts is in the Coliseum building material and determine its value, according to prices at the time, in 1, 5 million crowns (about 8 million francs). Therefore, since ancient times was considered a symbol of the Colosseum in Rome greatness.
The Colosseum ticket costs € 15 and entitles you to visit the sights of three world - the Colosseum, the Roman Forum and the Palatine Hill. Ticket pre-programmed inputs everywhere through the turnstiles.
We go inside. The walls of the Coliseum built of travertine, the quality of which processing and general level of construction is simply amazing. Please note exactly how the huge stones adjacent to each other.
How ancient builders, in the absence of appropriate technologies, managed so smoothly create horizontal surfaces of stone blocks - the joints between them are ideal, with no gaps or other irregularities?
It is clear that the travertine - soft stone, but still.
Inside the Colosseum you can walk almost everywhere and, like many ancient Roman monuments, all touched by hands.
Architectural and logistics solution, applied at the Coliseum, used in the construction of stadiums until now: a plurality of inputs arranged evenly around the perimeter of the building. In such Colosseum - 80. This public could fill the Coliseum in 15 minutes and leave for 5.
Audience seats were in the form of a stone bench, the ranks of which were located on the walkways. Most of them did not survive.
The scheme places seating in the Coliseum. The higher and farther away from the arena - the lower the person's status. Some groups of people were denied entrance to the Colosseum, in particular, gravediggers, actors and former gladiators.
The arena was a wooden, and under it was another floor with rooms and passages.
The historians write that Colosseum arena was filled with water, arranged at which illustrative naval battle.
In modern times, the Colosseum was used as a Christian church. large cross remained at the memory of that time.
View from the Colosseum in the area adjacent to it with the arch of Constantine and Palatine Hill in the distance.
A large memorial plaque attached to the outer wall of the Colosseum, tells us that the reconstruction of the Colossus has completed the Pope Pius the IX, who lived in the XIX century.
Coliseum Piranesi engraving, XVIII century.
at the Coliseum View from the Palatine Hill.
The walls of Coliseum are two busy streets. Next - Metro station.
The Colosseum at night beautifully illuminated. Walking, however, can only be around it, inside allowed only during the day.
Tourists in Rome, everywhere a lot, even at night. Including people walking and the Coliseum. No one is here because of the rain. On this our familiarity with the Coliseum over.
Random photo: Roman landscape, left visible the famous Trajan's Column.