Walk in Samarkand
Samarkand has long been a spiritual and scientific center of the Middle East, in its numerous monuments, which can be traced to the era of the city. The day we went on all the key points, I heard many legends that have been established for more than two millennia of life of this city ...
In Uzbekistan, the second national language - Russian, spoken by almost everyone. No harassment of the Russian-speaking population, I have not noticed - was talking about it with our compatriots and they confirmed ...
The train, on which we arrived, called Afrasiab, in honor of the ancient city, located on the site of today's Samarkand:
service is very good: you meet on the platform dressed and courteous flight attendants:
The car inside like our Peregrine. There is a monitor with data speed - at some point noticed 220 km / h:
While traveling around the country, I noticed a lot of poplars. Uzbeks have a tradition - when a child is born, parents planted several dozen poplars. This is done with the expectation that in the future - when the baby grows and the trees - it was possible to build one house.
The city is divided into three parts - New, Old and Ancient. Samarkand - along with Rome. The most famous ruler - Amir Timur, known to us more as Tamerlane. It is also famous for his grandson Ulugbek and Bobur, who retired from Samarkand to India and founded the Mughal Empire. The same one that later conquered by the British.
In Samarkand, all go to the same cars: 80% of the fleet - a Daewoo or Chevrolet. Once in Uzbekistan was the production of Uz-Daewoo, which subsequently went bankrupt and sold the factory Chevrolet, so there is often possible to see the machine with both brand icons:
The first place we came - the tomb of the prophet Daniel:
16 years ago, I traveled to Samarkand Alexy II, our patriarch. Proximity to the Biblical prophet made such an impression on him that he had a holy place and a half hours instead of the planned 20 minutes. He drew attention to an old dried almond tree, hallowed it, and the next year deadwood again suddenly gave shoots. This talk is about the miracle, although it added that this occurs in the trees:
And it is the very tomb of the prophet Daniel. It is believed the prophet ashes brought Tamerlane, however, until the end there is no certainty - some historians believe that the governor brought the relics of the saint, others say that a handful of earth from the burial site. It is believed that the tomb of the Prophet is constantly growing, and there is also no consensus on why - whether the power increase with time, whether the grave is intentionally large to hide the remains from looters. To date, the grave length - 20 meters:
In the end of the hall is a stone. It is believed that if three times to pick it up and make a wish, then it will be fulfilled:
The abbot. Seven generations of his ancestors were also the guardians of the dust of Daniel:
Next to the grave sell souvenirs:
Near the holy spring. You can get water or drink of the common pialok, which stand side by side:
By the way, in this place a few years ago we discovered the remains of an ancient mosque, presumably from the 14th century:
And this is the Shahi Zinda - a complex of mausoleums of Samarkand nobility and holy fathers of the Middle East. The name means "live the king", and with it, too, is a legend. It is believed that the cousin of the Prophet Muhammad, Kusam ibn Abbas came to Samarkand as a part of the Arab armies. And so, during one of the raids resisting Zoroastrians, he was wounded, but managed to hide in some crevice. Army long to find their leader until he has dreamed all the soldiers, saying he was alive and in heaven, where the Lord delivered him out of the crevice:
This is the balcony with a canopy called a quince - it is almost in every house of worship at mosques:
40 degrees Shahi Zinda. It is believed if the number of steps counted during the ascent and descent, match, one is purified of sins. In fact, at the heart of this lies the deeper beliefs and wise legend. Previously, some of the pilgrims made a forty-day prayer, rising every day a step above.
On the staircase is also related the legend of Bahauddin Naqshbandi, the famous Sufi master. During his post, when he reached the last stage on him by the mausoleums suddenly ran rider on a horse. Everyone thought that now he zatopchet old man to death, but the master was not frightened and did not retreat. The rider stopped next to him, and it turned out that it is very Kusam ibn Abbas decided to test the spiritual master at the top of his journey:
This mausoleums. The complex has a nameless tomb: in the past it was believed that in places buried notable and famous people, and they are not required to sign:
Glaze 14th century perfectly preserved:
At the exit we came down on Roma, although slightly harassed. By the way, a little later, in the Registan, Roma themselves have given me the money, knowing that I collect bills. The gypsy gave a rare five-dollar bill in sum. Rare it is, because it is not used in the calculations - 1000 sum equal to 10 rubles. It was the first time in my life when the gypsy gave me the money, and did not ask for it from me:
Ulugbek - grandson of Tamerlane. If Tamerlane, and all other relatives were military, Ulugbek was a scientist. Among other things, he was interested in astronomy, and even built an observatory:
Now it is a popular place for wedding trips:
The building of the observatory, unfortunately, collapsed and left only its underground part:
However, even it is possible to estimate how smart was Ulugbek:
reconstituted model of the observatory: it is based was a huge sextant by which Ulugbek calculated set of coordinates of the heavenly bodies:
One of the most beautiful streets of Samarkand. And all the cars are white, because summer is very hot:
And this Gur Emir - family mausoleum of Tamerlane and his family:
Tamerlan lies in the center, next to the grave of Ulugbek, sons and grandsons, and spiritual mentor. Tamerlane was superstitious - it is related to his first and only a draw in the battle, caused, he thought wizards:
But in fact, the real tomb is located on the floor below, and closed on the lock:
This decision was taken due to the fact that many visitors to perpetuate his visit inscriptions "Vasya was here" on the walls:
This is the Registan - once the religious center of Samarkand and the entire Middle East. The Registan many madrasas - schools that combine spiritual and secular education. The very first and the old is, of course, Ulugbek:
On one of the minarets, I was allowed to climb:
The climb was very difficult - steps, it seemed to me, was the height of 40 centimeters:
View from the minaret:
Before me, there was already a lot of curious people, some of whom have decided to enter themselves in the story:
And here is the golden mosque in madrassas Thiel-kori (the central part of Registan):
After that we went to Samarkand winery named Khovrenko:
The once thriving business today, not competitive small productions and does not work at full capacity - almost all of these barrels are empty:
Recently workers found immured in the wall of the cellar, which were of old wine stocks:
In this very small wine cellar was held:
And this - local bloggers, we walked around the city.