• White Whale
The Norwegian edition of VG has published unique photos, which in August 2012 made one of those on board the fishing vessel "Antigua" in Wales. In Hinlopenstretet, which separates the two islands of the archipelago of Svalbard (Spitsbergen) fishermen found a group of humpback whales, among which was a rare albino whale.
Fishermen at first mistook him for a block of ice. Whales were hunted for fish and white whale does not stand out among the rest of their behavior. Over the past 20 years, similar to the white whale was spotted off Australia.
Found off the coast of Svalbard white whale - the first in these parts. Fishermen gave it the name Willow.
Humpback whales are a family of rorqual whales suborder of baleen whales.
His name was either due to the dorsal fin, resembling a hump shape, or the habit of swimming with strong hog.
Gorbach - fairly large whale. The average length of its body is 14.5 m to 13.5 m females and males. The average weight of the humpback whale - 30 tons. The dimensions of the human compared to the size of the humpback whale:
Whales albino - an extremely rare phenomenon in nature.
The herds of humpback whales migrate locally, depending on the availability of food. The usual length of the migration of the humpback whale - up to 8000 km, making it one of the most highly migratory mammals.
Humpback whale slug more than true whales, his speed does not exceed the migration of 8-15 km / h. The maximum speed was recorded in the injured whales - up to 27 km / h.
At the same time, the humpback whale - one of the most energetic and acrobatic large whales, whose behavior, including a spectacular jumping out of the water, attracts the attention of tourists.
In Herman Melville's novel "Moby Dick" humpback whale is characterized as follows: "Of all the whales is the most playful and legkonravny, always surrounded by cheerful splashes and white foam."
Humpback whales are often beaten and slapped on the surface of the sea long pectoral fins and caudal fin, whipping foam, rolled on his back, put the muzzle of the water. Often completely jump out of the water in an upright position and with a deafening burst of fall down.
The duration of immersion under water humpback whales have depends on the time of year. In the summer they seldom dive more than 5 minutes, the dive lasting more than 10 minutes, are rare. Winter immersion continue 10-15 min.
Whale Song. Humpback whales are famous for their vocal repertoire, which is expected to play an important role in the breeding season. Song male humpback consists of a certain series of frequency-modulated sound and "phrases" in the range 40-5000 Hz, which lasts up to 35 minutes; It may be repeated for several hours or even days.
In general, it is unknown whether the humpback whale songs serve to attract females or to scare away other males, and establishing a hierarchy between them. Recent studies have shown whale songs, the songs have a hierarchical syntax and characteristic of human speech, that is made up of individual words or syllables, merging into phrases and sentences.