Nature reserves Amur region
• Nature reserves the Amur region to
The main purpose of the state natural reserves is the conservation of flora and fauna, as well as the study of natural processes and phenomena. As of 2012 in the territory of Russia is 103 reserve.
Today we look at two nature reserves of the Amur region. Employees of these reserves - wonderful people who are very interested in detail and talked about their "possessions". Will lotuses, bears, cranes, beautiful scenery, and more.
Unfortunately, I can not tell you the same detailed and interesting, I can only show what he saw. On the main photo is none other than the chick is rare a Red-crowned crane. It is not luck, and I'm not stalking him for several hours through the marshes. The thing is that in Khingansky Reserve Station is the reintroduction of rare species of birds, grow Japanese and white-naped cranes. Their numbers in the wild is sharply reduced, and the reintroduction of them - practically the last chance for survival.
Reference. Reintroduction - the relocation and settlement of new wildlife species specific to the territory where they had previously lived and grew, but where for some reason disappeared, to create a new and sustainable populations.
The history of the reserve began after 1963, attempts to create a recreational area in the midst, as they believed, the future industrial Amur region. 10 years ago, this place was next to the reservoir just built the largest in the Far East Bureya HPP. Reserve one of the tasks was the monitoring of reservoir impact on the environment. This young cranes. They have not even know how to fly, and have such great:
The total area of the reserve - 97 073 hectares, higher plants - 964, mammals - 47 birds - 290 species.
The family of Japanese cranes:
A few minutes before I took this picture, they were in the aviary. They released "walk", so to speak:
The cranes are quite dangerous if anxious for yourself or your family. adult bird growth may reach two meters, and the crane may well attack their clawed paws, thus causing deep wounds.
The photograph Kohl - charismatic officer of the reserve - just committed to "lead" the cranes to the lake for a photo session
Vyacheslav - Deputy Director for Science of the reserve - told us a lot of amazing stories about the reserve, about the struggle against poachers and about cranes:
Japanese crane - a very rare bird, its total population is estimated at 1700-2000 individuals. It is threatened with extinction and is protected by international and national laws. It zhuravlenok, adult birds have white and black plumage:
Girl Katya and her Cranes
The enclosures reitnroduktsii station can be seen not only of red-crowned crane, but also other birds such as the eagle with a broken wing or mountain goose. The reserve them are locals:
Mountain goose. It has a greyish body color, head and sides of the neck are white. On the back of the head two black stripes. Beak and yellow feet tall. Headed geese - one of the highest flying birds. Recorded case of geese flying at an altitude of 10175 meters. The air at such altitudes is so rarefied that the helicopters can not fly here:
In the flat part of the reserve there are many small lakes.
The lakes Khingan Reserve can be found lotuses. Here even Buddhists make pilgrimage during flowering lotus:
Lotus called sacred flower of ancient and modern. In Buddhism, the lotus is a traditional symbol of purity. Lotus is born in the muddy swamp water, but is born immaculate and clean.
In this reserve about Khingansky all.
October 3, 1963 was established the year. The reserve occupies the eastern extremity of the ridge Tukuringra. Area - 99430 hectares. Reserve Relief mostly mountainous.
We sailed on the Zeya reservoir in a small boat. On the one hand was Zeya Reserve, on the other - Reserve Bekeldeul:
Zeya - one of the two reserves located in the Amur region. It is subject to the Ministry of Natural Resources. Protection of protected area is carried out of the forest department, whose staff includes foresters, forest guards and their assistants, the chief forester. Patrolling conducted as a foot or horse, and with the use of various vehicles; by Zee, the Zeya reservoir and Gilyuyu - on motor boats and motor boats.
While we sailed, I was able to be seen on the banks of the first bear with cubs, and then the red deer (Far Eastern form of the deer)
In the reserve live: mammals - 52 species, birds - 241 species, 637 species of plants.
As mentioned, Zeya nature reserve is located on the Tukuringra - a ridge length of 230 km in the Far East of Russia.
The maximum height of the ridge is 1604 meters.
In the gorge of the Zeya River in the southern part of the range is built Zeya hydroelectric station.
It is believed that the first law on environmental protection and wildlife conservation was adopted in Sri Lanka in the III century BC. e. And then, in the town of Mihintale, king Devanampiyatissa the world's first nature reserve was established.
The first nature reserve on the territory of Russia - Barguzin Reserve - was founded January 11, 1917 on the territory of Buryatia. Today on the territory of Russia is 103 reserve.
The total area of nature reserves in Russia is more than 340 thousand sq. M. km., which is comparable with the territory of Finland.
A couple of photos from the Zeya nature reserve in the Amur region.