5 incredible ways in which animals communicate
Everyone knows that animals can communicate with each other, even though they do not say in the usual sense of the word. If there were interpreters with the dog or monkey, it was enough for them to set out a few phrases like "I'm scared!", "I'll kill you!" Or "Let me eat." Well, maybe a couple more. In any case, the animals do not lie, do not gossip and do not argue.
So it seems ...
1. Prairie dogs can describe you in detail
Prairie dogs - it is such a small babbling creatures that live in underground "cities" with a population, reaching sometimes up to hundreds of thousands, and in some cases millions of individuals. They communicate by means loud barking and yelps.
If you ever happen to pass by these dogs and you'll hear something like that, then rest assured: they discuss it you.
"Language" prairie dogs are so complex that there are some "words", denoting not only the approaching predator, but also indicating its type. That is, they have specific sounds that are translated as "man is coming!"
Not only that - issued in prairie dogs signals can be laid, and information about what kind of a person. In one experiment, it was found out that published prairie dogs signals vary depending on the color of the shirt on the man on the high or low it is, how close are talking and how fast moves.
That is, these little rodents of the squirrel family communicate on a more advanced level than the dolphins and chimpanzees.
The professor at the University of Northern Arizona Cohn Slobodchikov studied the behavior of prairie dogs as much as 30 years and came to the conclusion that they may speak in their own language phrase which translated would sound something like "We were running thin, high class in a green shirt, and he is near. "
2. malurus enter into dialogue predator (to impress the female)
These lovely birds with bright plumage in Australia, like many other birds of prey, but the greatest danger to them are flute birds.
These winged sadistic love to impale their prey still live on the spikes thorns - so it somehow tastes better.
So what does malyur when dealing with such a terrible enemy? Hiding? Get away? Not at all!
When the flute bird flies on the hunt, looking for, what would such a profit, and starts his pre-lunch trills, male malyur immediately responds and begins to sing. And so deftly adapts the duo with a possible murderer seems ideal - it's hard to believe that singing two very different birds.
Why is he so substituted? For the same reason that most of the males in nature does whatever - to impress the female. Such blatant audacity and even against terrible killer - evidence of self-confidence, and women, as we know, like confidence and recklessness.
Scientists explain this phenomenon as follows:
When a predator like a flute bird is nearby, female malurus hides and intensely listening to the sounds that emanate from danger. Their attention to this point is entirely owned by a terrible death flute. Here are the males and try to seize the moment, be the center of attention, and even trump his fearlessness.
Calculation, by the way, is justified - females willingly deigned brave its location. Unless, of course, are still alive.
3. Caterpillars Butterfly-copper-butterfly - the sweet swindlers
Caterpillar butterfly-copper-butterfly has a phenomenal ability - she knows how to get the expense of others, pretending to be someone else. Absolutely, it would seem, human tactics. How can some arthropod without a well-developed brain do these scams?
On the body of the caterpillar, in most of its head is a tiny "lip". When this thing bothers fend for themselves, she begins to scrape of this "lip" - the result is a "song" is very similar to the one that "sings" the queen ant. So it seems that ants then drag a caterpillar in your colony, where she lives happily ever after until pupation and transformation into a butterfly.
All this time, the ants feed it, protect from danger, drag along, if you need to move to a new location, and give a truly royal honors.
She did not even have to bother to chewing - worker ants regurgitate already chewed and arched its beneficial enzymes directly into the food the caterpillar's mouth. And in the most famine ants fed parasite even their own unborn brothers and sisters (also pre-chewed).
The real king, and the ants either expelled or killed altogether - such is the power of evil spells fraudsters.
4. The Peruvian singers antbird scene of jealousy,
Peruvian antbird live in pairs on a strictly delimited territory. When their territory accidentally flies into any extraneous birds, they delay harmonious duet, to make it clear to an outsider that the place occupied by a happy and united family. It is very touching, but only as long as the horizon appears a lone female antbird and begins to scurry back and forth as if unaware that the place is busy. Once this happens, the male immediately changes his song to "bachelor" in an attempt to attract a new mate. Well, in a neighbor.
Legal wife, noticing that her marriage is falling apart, begins to actively sing his blagovernomu - but arrhythmic and loudly to drown out his lustful trills.
The male, of course, also not so easy to give up and tries to sing louder ... and there is a real family scandal soon.
5. Gecko food orders
Like most of us, Madagascar geckos love when it serves ready-made food. And they even found those who prepare their favorite dish - tiny green insects called "Gorbatko".
These creatures penetrate trees and drinking sap. Then they digest the juice and secrete sweetish liquid, the so-called "honeydew". For this gecko - a favorite treat, and Gorbatka always glad to accept the order. Here's how it works:
Gecko close to the insect, and begins to methodically nod. Gorbatka first meets convulsive shake - they say, "the order is accepted, expect", and then shoots a jet of translucent liquid into the mouth of a lizard.
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