Crimean Trolleybus and Alushta trolleybus park
• The Crimean trolleybus and Alushta trolleybus park
Crimean Trolleybus - a unique system of interurban trolley connecting Simferopol with the resorts of the southern coast, the longest trolleybus system in the world (86 km). Trolleybus route Simferopol - Alushta was opened in 1959, on the route Simferopol - Yalta - in 1961.
Travel time from Simferopol to Alushty - 1, 5 hours to Yalta - 2, 5 hour. On the way from Simferopol to Alushty trolley overcomes Angarsky pass (752 m).
The composition of the Crimean Republican Production Enterprise "Krymtrolleybus" includes Simferopol, Alushta and Yalta trolley parks.
In October 1958 the Council of Ministers of Ukraine adopted a decision on the construction of the first in the USSR and Europe, long-distance mountain trolleybus line Simferopol - Alushta - Yalta. The first stage of this line Simferopol - Alushta, a length of 52 km was built and commissioned in a record-short period of 11 months. Professionals built more than 80 companies from 10 cities of Ukraine this line. 2 trolleybus park Simpheropol and Alushte 16 traction substations installed over three thousand supports and suspended over 200 km of the trolley wire was constructed first.
In May 1959 the decision number 337 Krymoblispolkoma Crimean trolleybus department was organized. In the summer of the same year in Simferopol arrived first 40 trolleybuses: MTB-82D domestic production and 8Tr8 company "Skoda". September 12, 1959 began running a contact network in Simferopol, and on October 7, it was opened to regular traffic route Train Station - Marino, length of 8, 5 km. On the route worked 9 trolleybuses domestic production brand MTB - 82. For the first month the work was carried more than 200 thousand passengers.. At the end of the 80s in a single day in the city were transported about 500 thousand. Passengers. Today, one day carry more than 220 thous. Passengers.
November 6, 1959 in a solemn ceremony was opened by the movement of trolley buses on the line Simferopol - Alushta. The first trolley buses on this line worked with conductors. The fare was 6 rubles 50 kopecks, and the conductor concurrently served as a guide. April 28, 1961 was opened trolleybus traffic in the city of Yalta on the city ring length of 4, 5 km. On this route trolley worked at intervals of 1-2 minutes. Yalta, the length of 33 km - In July 1961 the second phase of long-distance Alushta trolleybus line was built. The duration of the trip was Alushty - 1 hour 50 minutes, to Yalta -. 2 h 50 min..
A member of the trolleybus fleet, operating from its foundation
On the whole, in 1960-70. There is an active expansion of the trolleybus network. The long-distance route has become extremely popular in the country, trolleybuses working in 3 shifts. Park in Simferopol reached its design capacity in 1962, averaging 102 machines. By 1968. Simferopol took 19th place in the USSR in saturation and intensity of urban transport. In the same year in the inventory there were 212 trolleybuses, which required reconstruction, which was completed in 1972
In 70-80 years. at the height of the summer season intervals movement of trolley buses on the highway Simferopol - Alushta averaged 2 minutes. During these years, for the convenience of passengers, tickets for the trolley to Alushta and Yalta sold along with railway tickets to Simferopol at the box office in Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Kharkov, Riga, and Vilnius.
Skoda 9Tr (Skoda 9Tr) - trolleybus, which was manufactured from 1961 to 1982, the Czechoslovak enterprise "Skoda-Island" and was one of the "legendary", the most popular models of trolley buses, operated in the Soviet Union - a total of more than 5 thousand cars..
USSR met with Czech trolleybuses in 1959, when the new car Skoda-8Tr came to work on long-distance highway "Simferopol - Yalta" in the Crimea. Initially, this unique line planned to exploit the domestic machine, but the test trolley MTB-82 have shown that they are not able to work on a mountain road. Downhill from Angarsk pass overheated start-braking rheostats, which have been calculated on the trolley to work in urban areas with flat terrain. The problem was not in the Czech trolleybuses. In addition, their operation on the highway "Simferopol - Yalta" identified a number of other advantages - better maneuverability on the mountain serpentines, improved dynamic braking, a large strength of the body and chassis. An important role was also played by the fact that the Czech machinery looked much more modern domestic cars, and on the road the resort all-Union had to work only the best trolley.
Body trolley is available in two versions: with two or three doors platen type. Drive doors - pneumatic. traction motor control system - rheostat-contactor.
For the Soviet Union was made a special two-door modification. This was due to the Soviet fare collection system - passengers enter through the back door, where the guard and go through the front. The Soviet Union supplied a small number of three-door cars, but they usually have blocked the middle door, leveled the floor and install additional seats (did it only on machines designed for route Simferopol-Alushta-Yalta, just modernized and Skoda-14Tr)
Time has shown that the Skoda 9Tr proved very reliable car - some of which have worked more than 35 years, and some work today. The most whimsical part is most often rheostat-contactor control traction motor. Step change of electrical current in the windings of the motor was dictated by the need for smooth acceleration and deceleration, and the system was designed so that when it malfunctions trolley accelerated and braked obvious spurts: it is often displeased passengers. But at the same time it gave the trolleybus extremely high maneuverability. According to this criterion Skoda 9Tr surpassed not only domestic ZiU but "Skoda" newer models.
With the stated speed of 60 km / h on an empty trolley stretch length of 2 km and could easily develop a higher speed - 90 km / h. Despite the discomfort for passengers jerks and noise of the compressor, Skoda 9Tr was quite comfortable at the expense of semi-soft seats and cabin heating
Freshly painted trolley undergoing repairs in the workshop.
In the last year in the Crimea, new trolleybuses Bogdan T-601 Lutsk automobile plant began actively to act. But many drivers believe that the old Skoda 14Tr 1980 reliable, as are made entirely in the Czech Republic
The oldest trolleybus trolleybus park Alushta - Skoda 9Tr 1968. The car and the driver of the same age.
Now this once-regular passenger trolley altered under technicals
The old trolley bridge after repair still serve
For the old Czech trolleybuses original spare parts can not be bought, much is made forces repair shops, suitable substitutes are used. After finalizing the resource trolley goes on his last journey - to scrap
One of the "old men" 9Tr, surf highway Simferopol-Yalta, 3 years ago was lucky to become a museum exhibit in Moscow.
By the way, the trolley is transported by rail. That is how the Crimea from Czechoslovakia fell all trolleybuses - on w / e platform to Simferopol, and then under its own power
The most common in the old Czech trolley breaks electrician. But employees of the trolleybus fleet and all lovers of trolleybuses are more concerned about competition from minibuses and routes. Tourist now go to the nature and considers it shameful to go to the resort on the bus
At present, the cost of travel from Simferopol to Alushta is 7 hryvnia, to Yalta - 12 hryvnia (about 25 and 40 rubles respectively)