• Refuge factory
"In case of war, can be applied to nuclear weapons. These weapons of mass destruction can lead to many deaths. The number of victims could be significantly reduced if people would know the remedies and master the techniques of providing self-help and mutual aid." - Civil Defense Poster.
We are in this post will focus on fairly well-stocked shelter 5th class (the smallest class in the level of protection) in Moscow. Also, in addition to the standard set of pictures, I talk a little about the instruments and their functions.
As usual, we used the emergency exit to enter. And stomped on all fours a short distance, we were inside. A cursory examination of the shelter, we came to the conclusion that it is very well equipped and meet modern standards
On the shelves in the shelter is all you need. The boxes mugs, spoons and the like. D.
Now, a little about the hardware. radiation monitoring devices. In the photograph are four instrument DP-24 and DP-two 22B. Things like pens - personal dosimeters DCT-50A. Before using them zeroed on a special charger, which is included in the kit. Then give the personnel of the forces operating in the zone of radioactive contamination. On returning readings are taken and recorded in a special register. Thus we can understand how the radiation dose received person.
The small room with the boxes clogged with gas masks. On the table lies rentgenmetr.
Power Meter dose (roentgenometer) DP-5A. It is intended to measure the absorbed dose of gamma radiation within a wide range (from 0 and 05 mrad / hour up to 200 rads / hour) and the detection of beta radiation. With this device the radiation measurements conducted in the terrain, and radioactive contamination of various surfaces.
In each refuge must be a connection. In the photo - the radio station "P-159" full-range, backpack, VHF transceiver, simplex narrowband wiring and a dial tone, and with the possibility of remote control by telephone, to conduct communication in radio networks with the same type of radio stations. And it cleverly hooked up so that on it it was possible to talk on the phone.
masks. They must necessarily be in any protective structures. According to the standards they should be at 10% more than the maximum number sheltering. This is due to fit in size. In existing shelters according to the standards should be civil type filter masks GP-7 and its modifications.
parted one of the many boxes we saw neatly packaged gas mask GP-7B. Judging by the packing slip in the box 20 masks in three sizes. In addition, the bundle includes filtering-absorbing box, jar lid, anti-fog film, Rubber strings, bags.
even get masks with panoramic mask.
An insulating mask in contrast to the filter completely isolates the respiratory system from the environment. Breathing in SP-mask 4 is made due to supply of oxygen present in the gas mask. Apparatus used when it is impossible to apply the filter masks, in particular, when lack of oxygen in the environment, at very high concentrations of OM, SDYAV and other harmful substances when working under water. The operating principle of the insulating mask based on oxygen evolution from chemicals in the absorption of carbon dioxide and moisture exhaled by a person. Apparatus made up of the front part, the regenerative cartridge, breathing bag and the bag. Stock regenerative cartridge, with heavy physical exertion is enough for 45 minutes and at rest - for 3 hours.
Box samospasa was seen in the previous picture, here it is already bigger.
In the boxes are individual anti-gas packages (IPP-8). Package IPP-8 is designed for first aid in the order of self-help and mutual aid in the defeat of liquid droplet toxic substances.
Schematic representation of IPP-8. Now they have become obsolete and the data boxes of them have to be disposed of. Their replaced by more convenient API-11, now it is impregnated with a special swab in a sealed package, such as wet wipes.
posters and a variety of training material.
"In a situation where aggressive imperialist forces exacerbate international tensions, creating hotbeds of war, the Communist Party will continue to increase the vigilance of the Soviet people, to strengthen the defense power of our homeland ..." - From Resolution XXIII Congress of the CPSU on the report of the CC CPSU.
They are always a lot and they are very diverse. Modern posters I like much less.
Something like a training class.
In a green tank - water supplies.
In one small room, on the box with the political literature of the CPSU, he was a portrait of the former leader - Lenin. Most likely, and a box of books and a portrait thrown.
The ventilation system. Pipes are not just different colors. In the shelters, depending on the purpose of paint in different colors engineering networks. White paint - air-intake pipes clean ventilation mode. Yellow - the air intake pipe filtroventilyatsii mode. Tanks with air inscription - filters for air purification.
Green dye pipe connected to water supply. Also, there are still red - tube ventilation mode fires, black - and brown tube wiring - heating.
For protective structures is still characterized by various layouts and training kits. Once caught shelter with various models of the damaged limb and m. N. The photograph training set of toxic substances (S) and deactivating foreign armies, degassing agents and disinfectants and solutions (DDDV). Naturally flasks no OB, there are only presented as these substances appear.
Occasional bag with a set of first aid.
Near the entrance inclined I found here such a device.
It should be noted that in addition to the one shown in the photos, in the shelter were VPHR, protective suit L-1 and other essential things.