How to launch nuclear missiles in the Soviet Union
All that has been associated with a nuclear arsenal, in the USSR has always been the most classified. The presence of the "nuclear shield" and the system of the guaranteed retaliation to deter "potential enemy" by the attack.
After independence, Ukraine was not too expensive contain more than 150 missile silos and ensure their infrastructure, besides the contract was signed on strategic offensive arms. From 1990 to 2001, all warheads were recycled, propellant - removed, housing missiles - cut into metal and silo launchers and command centers - blown, filled and turned-agricultural lands.
Liquidate the company objects of agreement left intact only one underground UCP (Uniform command post) and the upper 4 m of one of the missile silos, which were placed nuclear missiles RS-22 "Scalpel".
The museum still has the form of a military unit - with all provisions of signs:
If not a rocket in the background - the usual military unit with a few inconspicuous buildings:
Well, except that several rows of barbed wire and warning of minefields:
The unified command center
One of the most fascinating places in the museum.
Underground mine is a depth of 35 meters. Above the shaft - 120-ton-cap plate in which are arranged for automatic replacement hatches communication antennas and sensors nuclear explosion. In the most mine on special shock absorbers and counterweights hanging a huge 30-meter-long metal cylinder, 10 of the 12 floors which are filled with computational and life-support equipment, and the lower two floors are reserved for the team and the living compartments. This cylinder was on duty around the clock change from 2-3 missile officers, and in the event of a nuclear bomb command center goes offline existence and could survive in this mode up to 45 days. To the entrance of the command center are underground tunnels:
Ibid, under the ground, arranged outside the cooling system and filtering:
Part of the equipment is still running:
Room control missile launches in the command post:
The same button. Before pressing need to turn the key (out of frame).
At the same time it also has to make an officer at a nearby console.
After that 10 nuclear missiles fly to America.
The scoreboard shows that all 10 subordinate to this command post missile launch.
At this time in the 10 scattered in the surrounding parts of the rocket propellant charges are discarded up to 120-ton lid missile silos, missiles are thrown up, run their boosters and 10h550 kilotons fly to the United States.
The chair is equipped with seat belts in case of shaking during a nuclear explosion on the surface.
Direct two-way communication with Moscow.
The unified command center could withstand a nuclear blast, and even in the case of the death of all the officers, the system can automatically decide to return starting nuclear missiles at the enemy. This "Doomsday Machine" was called the system "Perimeter".
"Perimeter" system: the reality of the war machines
A nuclear war with the United States (well, with the "potential enemy") according to the plans the Americans had to proceed very quickly, precision strikes had to be destroyed all the high command, and the most important command objects. In such circumstances, it might ensure a quick victory over the Soviet Union. But the system "Perimeter" was invented in opposition to this tactic: each missile silos were installed detectors of nuclear explosion (light / radiation / blast) and special communications antenna. If the sensors are fixed with a nuclear explosion, the system "Perimeter" passed in fighting condition and did attempt to communicate with the staff. If the cancel command has been received from the staff, the system will make their own decisions about the launch of controlled nuclear warheads according to laid down in these programs.
This Statement guarantee of non-aggression.
Sensors around the missile silo.
If all wired communications equipment out of order, then there is one more centralized launch nuclear missiles. At the right time of the missile parts in the Moscow environs to run a special command missile issue orders to run in automatic mode, all control points. The antenna for the adoption of such a signal is directly beside the missile silos and command centers - small steel "tadpole", directed to the north.
machines for transporting and loading missiles in the mine
This is another unique part of the exhibition.
The car with the rocket inside is so severe that the available bridges across the Southern Bug would not stand the load. special pontoon ferry was built to cross the river.
Each of the wheels is adjacent the electric motor to provide additional traction on uphill and downhill braking. If power is still not enough, the second such machine came up against the first "in the tail" and push it. Machine for transporting and loading rocket mine "scalpel":
This is for scale:
Petrol heptyl missiles:
A container for transporting nuclear warheads:
Rocket "Voivod", or in NATO SS-18 "Satan"
Despite the fact that "Voivod" in Ukraine is not based missiles, the case of one of them is also represented in the museum:
These missiles are still in service in the Strategic Missile Forces in Russia.
More on the museum houses an exhibition of missiles and rocket engines, but it's a topic for another photo essay.
The museum leaves a feeling of understanding of just how close the world was to nuclear disaster and how well thought-out, well-functioning and ready to work was a system to launch nuclear missiles.
Full tour with descent in the command post costs only 45 hryvnia (5, $ 5).
Museum of Strategic Missile Site:
Location in the museum