The oldest active ship of the Russian Navy
• The oldest active ship of the Russian Navy
How many years live ships? The exact answer to this question is not likely to be found in the seamanship textbooks. Then we can try to find the oldest active ship in the fleet.
As part of the Black Sea Fleet, based in Sevastopol, is the oldest ship of the Naval Fleet of Russia - a rescue ship catamaran "Commune", which is already in service 99 years.
The rescue boat catamaran "Commune" - the oldest ship of the Russian Black Sea Fleet. November 12, 2012 will mark the 100th anniversary from the date of laying the keel. The project is the first in the country's history a dedicated double-hulled vessel - lifeguard submarine was developed in 1911 by order of the naval general staff. As the prototype used a German catamaran rescue "Volcano". The original name of the court - "Volkhov", and the name "Commune" was received in 1922.
"municipality" has a displacement of 3100 tons, its length -. 81 m, width - 13 2 m, the sludge - 3, 7 m Full speed -. 8, 5 knots and cruising range - 4000 miles.
No weapons. Specialist. Equipment: ship lifting means - left body 80 tons, the right body - 30 tons. The crew of 23 people.
It is worth noting that the ship's hull is made of steel and Putilov is, of course, is not ideal, but in a completely operational. The vessel is constantly exposed to the current repairs, because it is certainly even by human standards, it is not even pre-retirement and deep zapensionny age.
Climb the ladder to the "Commune" to meet with the veteran closer.
plate with a brief history of the ship ..
In the main cabin there is another plaque. It minted in the year of launching the vessel - in 1915. It is interesting that (and it shows on the plate), coat of arms of the Putilov plant was modified much later.
"The Commune" - boat catamaran between board moves the movable platform with the lander.
In effect it is a four-cable, arranged in pairs on the sides of the ship in the front and rear parts thereof.
on the platform View from the top of the farm.
The huge drums with cables allow lander dipped to a depth of 1 kilometer.
Bowden cable landing the submersible platform.
The main object of "Commune" - working remotely operated underwater vehicle RTNPA. It allows working at depths of up to 1 km (limited cable length). Designed to search and detection using sonar underwater objects, lifting goods up to 150 kg, cutting cables and others.
RTNPA equipped with 4 cameras, as well as a pair of manipulators. Paddle-shift, for various purposes - object capture, setting the beacon, the capture cable, snacking or cutting. The device is equipped with a 10-th engine, allowing to provide exceptional maneuverability apparatus.
The manipulator with a cutting disc that allows for metal cutting and cables at a depth of 1 km.
The capsules are yellow all electronic systems. When immersed forcibly pumped out all the air. It provides complete sealing of the capsules due to compression of the water pressure.
Managing Bridge descent underwater vehicle. Facilities and equipment produced in Norway.
The lead ship's bridge.
Steering wheel and some elements are stored since the date of the ship's descent to the water - since 1915.
The ship "Commune" is based in the Bay Musketeers Sevastopol on leased berths of the Naval Forces of Ukraine. Here Russian military ships and Ukraine stand side by side.
Spotlight on the upper bridge.
The top cabin located at an altitude of 20 meters above sea level.
Pointers length of anchor chain.
The chain goes into the sea ...
The engine room. As main engines on "commune" originally installed two six-cylinder diesel plant Riga "Felzer" capacity of 600 liters. from. (310 rev / min). Later they were replaced by diesel engines with similar characteristics Kolomna plant.
The system alarm sounds in the event of an emergency situation.
There is also a F ...
Soon a team lunch.
The piano in the officers' mess. It is installed during the construction of the vessel. Currently, bring it is not possible due to the difference in size and doorways.
In some places on the "Commune" has found pre-revolutionary signs.
On the Russian Navy Day, which will be celebrated on July 29, 2012, the vessel will carry out the task of ship-tracking Neptune. In this regard, the team produces painting lifeboats for a parade in honor of the holiday.
The first rescue ship has been used for its intended purpose in the summer of 1917, when in the Åland archipelago during the training dives sank with an open hatch submarine K-15. Despite the fact that the rescue prevented a severe storm, 16 (29) June, 00 hours and 50 minutes of strength "Volkhov" boat was raised. By crew "rescuer" in the last month we have repaired the boat, and it was again put into operation. September 24 (October 7), 1917, rescue vessel "Volkhov" with a depth of 13, 5 meters has been successfully refloating when navigating a submarine accident "Edinorog".
From May 15 to September 13, 1928, "Commune" is working on raising sunk June 4, 1919 L-55 in the Gulf of Finland Koporskaya lip British submarine. The boat was lifted to the surface from a depth of 62 meter step-by 21 July 1928. Again working life: the rise of the sunken boat and the tug morpogranohrany MP-7, software testing of new submarines and repair ships BF. "Commune" lifted from a depth of submarines "Bolshevik", M-90 torpedo boat and crashed plane ...
Since the beginning of World War II rescue ship "Commune" is based in Leningrad. On 32 March 1942 a diver "Commune" and operate on Ladoga road of life. Part of crew involved in landing operations at Neve (and this shortage and at 40%). During this time the sailors "Commune" lifted from the bottom four tanks KV, two tractors and 31 cars. "Kommunartsy" prepared for the Navy 159 legkovodolazov repaired six submarines M. Despite the difficult situation at the front, rescuers lifted out of the water sunk: Submarine Sch-411 tow "Austra" schooner "Work", "Aquarius 2" OVR mother ship "CO" True ", otdokovali two" pike "and a few" small hunters "...
In 1944, the "Commune" lifted 14 wrecks a total displacement of 11,767 tons, has assisted 34 ships and emergency courts. All the crew was awarded the medal "For the Defense of Leningrad".
Only in 1954, the veteran ship could pass overhaul, during which the main diesel engines have been replaced by Dutch production. At the end of November 1956 the catamaran again atonement for combat duty: with a depth of 45 meters was raised protaranennaya destroyer submarine M-200. In October 1957, at a depth of 73 meters was raised by PL M-256, in August 1959 - sunk at a depth of 22 meter torpedo boat. During his service, "municipality" has helped more than a hundred ships and submarines.
In 1967, the ship veteran successfully committed cross-database migration from the Baltic to the Black Sea, safely arrived in Sevastopol, beating around Europe. In Sevastopol, on the SMZ "Commune" was converted into a carrier ship submersibles. conversion project completed by the end of 1969 in Sebastopol CDB "Chernomorets". By the end of work on the SMZ (27 April 1973) the cost of works on re-equipment vessel was about 11 million. Rubles.
At the moment, the rescue ship "Commune" passed dock repair, and, despite his age, is actively involved in various merpopriyatiyah rescue fleet service with outlets to the sea.
This report was prepared with the assistance of the command of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation.