Famous Chinese gardens outside of China
Compared with Japanese gardens, traditional Chinese gardens are not so widespread in the world. All the fault of historical circumstances: the instability in China, the first half of the XX century, the reign of Mao Zedong and long-standing tensions between China and Taiwan.
The picture began to change only with the coming to power of Deng Xiaoping and the beginning of a policy of openness. Consequence of its kind and became Chinese gardens, broken all over the world under the program of sister cities: Berlin, Sydney, etc...
Today visit the 10 most famous Chinese gardens, broken outside of China.
Chinese Garden Zurich (Switzerland)
Zurich has had a tangible assistance to its twin city of Kunming in the organization of water supply and drainage system. The Chinese decided not to remain in debt and to repay the Swiss special gift - a traditional garden, which was inaugurated in the spring of 1994.
Zurich, in terms of gardeners from China, was an ideal place to create it, because the nearby lake and mountain gave birth to a particular compound of the elements of earth, water and air. Garden embodies the theme "Three Friends of Winter" - the three plants together defying the cold season: pine, bamboo and Mume (Japanese plum).
And thanks to the skill of his garden masters every visitor can feel in Yunnan Province, located in the very heart of Europe.
Admission: adults (all persons aged 15 years) - 4 CHF, children (6 to 14 years) - 1 Swiss franc, the group of 10 people - 3 Swiss francs per person, children under 6 years - free of charge .
In 1986 he signed an agreement on friendship and cooperation between Tottori Prefecture and Hebei province, and after ten years on the picturesque shore of the Japanese was defeated Togo Lake Traditional Chinese garden Encho-en - the gift of the inhabitants of the Middle Kingdom citizens of Japan.
It is the largest such facility in Japan, covering an area of 1 hectare. Furthermore, all building materials were imported from China, so the garden is also one of the most authentic, not only in the country but also in the world.
With its creation of the samples were taken from the imperial gardens, so it looks very solid. It periodically arranged presentation of the Beijing Opera and the exhibition of Chinese art.
entrance fee: Adults - 500 yen, children - 200 yen
Chinese Garden Culture (California, USA)
If not for his wife, Frank Lowe and Pauline, the oldest of the Chinese garden in the United States (San Jose, CA, USA) could not be. They were ideological inspirers of its creation in place the wasteland in Overfelt Gardens park in 1971, and then brought the idea to implementation.
to finance the work and materials allocated city, and with the development of landscape design helped garden master from Taiwan, Dr. Chen Li-fu. garden itself occupies a very large area of 2.4 hectares and includes in addition to traditional elements also educational and cultural sites, such as Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall and Chiang Kai-shek Pavilion. Every year, every third Sunday of September on the basis of their arranged Chinese lunar festival. Entrance fee: none.
Dunedin Chinese Garden (New Zealand)
Chinese Garden in Dunedin is remarkable in many ways. Firstly, it is one of the youngest in the world, because he was consecrated in June and officially opened to the public in September 2008 in the presence of Prime Minister of New Zealand Helen Clark.
Secondly, it is one of the smallest - his area of only 0.25 hectares.
In the third place, it is considered one of the most authentic among the traditional orchards outside of China, as its creation was attended by the best specialists of the twin city of Dunedin - Shanghai: Iongkeng Chao, Chen Ling and Tan Yufeng. Masters carefully see to it that all the ancient laws and traditions of garden construction were strictly followed in its construction. Gardens scientists Ming Dynasty were taken as samples.
Admission: adults - 9 New Zealand dollars, students and recipients - NZ $ 6, children under 13 years - free of charge.
Chinese serenity garden (Malta, Santa Lucia)
In many ways, it is symbolic that the only traditional Chinese garden in the Mediterranean is not just anywhere, but at its heart - in Malta, the island, for centuries the former crossroads of many civilizations and cultures. It emerged at the initiative of the state and inaugurated by Prime Minister Alfred Sant in July 1997.
garden masters from China were brought to its creation. And they managed to create a true masterpiece of landscape art. It symbolizes the life from the beginning to the end in all its manifestations.
Each element, whether zigzagoobrazy bridge over the pond or rock raises a thin layer of philosophical way - freedom, silence, reflection, to form the main feeling - calm. Entrance fee: none.
Chinese Garden Sun Yat-sen (Canada, Vancouver)
Vancouver Chinese Garden is the first in the world outside of China, made in the style of classical gardens of the Ming Dynasty. It was inaugurated in April 1986 and has since gained worldwide fame and recognition.
In 2011, the National Geographic in his book put Chinese Garden Sun Yat-sen in the first place in the ranking of urban gardens in the world. 52 masters from the Chinese city of Suzhou invested all their knowledge and skills to create the perfect garden.
They worked on it for a year, and despite the fact that its area is only 0, 16 ha! And the garden has turned out really great.
It is an important platform of cultural exchange between China and Canada: it regularly hosts musical evenings of folk music and festivals.
Admission: adults - 14 Canadian dollars, the elderly (65 years) - 11 Canadian dollars, student - 10 Canadian dollars, a family (two adults and two children up to 18 years) - 28 Canadian dollars, children under 5 years - is free.
Chinese garden in Berlin Gardens of the World (Germany)
The most authentic and the largest Chinese garden in Europe is a joint project of Berlin and the sister city of Beijing. Its area - 2.7 hectares, of which 0.45 ha of a picturesque lake in the center of the garden.
It opened in October 2000 in the park gardens in the world, surrounded by "colleagues" from around the world. All materials for its construction were imported directly from China (and barely fit into 100 shipping containers), and the landscaping was designed by the Beijing Institute of Classical garden architecture.
As a result of the German capital received a classical Chinese scholar garden, designed in the style of gardens in the Qing Dynasty. For visitors to his teahouse regularly hosts art shows a traditional Chinese tea.
Admission: from late March to early November for adults - € 3, children (6-14 years) and people with disabilities - € 1, 50; from mid-November to mid-March for adults - € 2, children (6-14 years) and people with disabilities - € 1
Chinese Garden of Friendship (Australia, Sydney)
Five basic elements - earth, fire, water, metal and wood, as well as the famous concept of "Yin and Yang" are reflected in the rocks and waterfalls, pavilions and bridges of Sydney's Chinese garden, the most authentic and beautiful in all of Australia.
He was laid on samples of the famous private gardens of the court to know the time of the Ming Dynasty craftsmen of Guangzhou - sister city of Sydney - and is a symbol of friendship and strong ties between the two countries.
The garden was opened in 1988 and for nearly a quarter century has become one of the favorite holiday destinations for city dwellers, as well as a platform for intercultural dialogue.
A local resident:
In addition, it is close to Sydney's Chinatown, which contributes to a deeper immersion guest garden in the Chinese culture.
Admission: adults - AUD $ 6, children (under 12 years) - 3 of the Australian dollar, the family (2 adults and 2 children) - 15 Australian dollars, benefit recipients (only Australian citizens) - 3 of the Australian dollar.
Seattle Chinese Garden (United States)
In February 2010, the general public became available for the first visit to areas in the Chinese Garden Seattle - the youngest in the United States. But despite its very short history, the garden is already popular with the residents of Seattle and visitors.
Although the works on its improvement continues to this day, because the turn of 1.86 hectares of land in the only garden in Szechuan style outside of China - is not easy. During its construction meets the specially created non-profit organization "Society of Seattle Chinese Garden", which raises funds and involvement of volunteers.
The Americans in their difficult task provided substantial support to experts from Chongqing, the twin city of the capital of Washington.
Admission: adults - $ 6, seniors (from 62 years) and students - $ 5, children under 5 years free entrance.
Singapore Chinese Garden (Singapore)
In just 10 years since its independence, Singapore, in 1975, the first in Southeast Asia was defeated traditional Chinese garden. Its creation was a prominent architect and master gardener from Taiwan Professor Yong Chen Yu.
He designed the garden in accordance with the concept of "northern style", characteristic of the imperial gardens of China: after the Singapore garden was supposed to be not only a place for relaxation and decoration of the city, but also a symbol of the growing economic power of the country.
It occupies an entire island area of 13.5 hectares in the middle of an artificial lake, and is the largest such facility outside of mainland China and Taiwan.
It is noteworthy that on the neighboring island of the same lake is his "rival" - a Japanese garden, and visitors can see firsthand the difference in the tradition of landscape art of two great cultures.
Entrance fee: none.