How to make cars in China
• How to make cars in China
Excursion to the Chinese plant "Chery", located in Wuhu, Anhui Province.
"Chery" (in Chinese this is something like a "special blessing") was founded in 1997 on the initiative of the City Hall Wuhu (Wuhu) in Anhui Province. Its shareholders were several public companies and holdings of Anhui Province, as well as small investors. The equipment was purchased European Ford plant for $ 25 million. The production of cars began in 1999 after the acquisition of licenses for the Toledo company chassis Seat.
A detailed history of the motor companies you can read on Wikipedia, and I'll show you the plant itself.
The workshops are equipped with a fully robotized lines.
The working is performed only quality control.
Warehouse for stamped parts.
Not clear model of the body. Someone tell me, what is it?
Mandatory stand with product samples.
Assembly machines begins on the stocks, where small body parts are welded into larger ones.
In this step, using the labor of workers - they put the items in a pile and weld them with a special device.
assembly line of body parts.
Then already large parts come into the possession of the robots.
In the pipeline is "charged" with the container components, the robot takes out and puts in place. And his colleagues are welded a new part.
Some of the major components (eg, the whole body side) set in place under workers' control.
Then again, robots weld the body together.
The shop installed a central management system, which is optimized for the equipment developed in China.
The existing production capacity is sufficient for the production of 800 thousand cars. With the introduction into operation of two production sites in Wuhu production will increase up to a million.
Next, the body falls on the painting (it was impossible to remove), and then - on the final assembly line, where it is already turning into a car.
Set the windshield.
Wuhu City District Population is about 3 million people. "Chery" - one of the two largest enterprises in the city. Total factory employs about thirty thousand people, most of them - young people 25-30 years.
In the domestic market are mainly machines with a spacious living, but gradually the European tradition of dark salons penetrates into China.
in the factory at the same time going to several models.
For the workers are subsidized food programs, health care, transportation and housing. Generally, to get a job at a large enterprise in China is considered a big success. The workers hold on to their seats.
Line engine production.
"Marriage" - the connection of the body and chassis.
In 2011, "Chery" has sold more than 160,000 vehicles outside of China. This figure was a record not only for the company itself, but also for the Chinese automotive industry.
The panels on the body protect the paintwork from scratches during assembly of the machine.
Of course, you can not
Almost ready Chery Tiggo.
One of the Chinese characteristics - such jars with water or tea. Almost all the Chinese people go to them. At the airport, they poured water from them, and SAB verifies that it is empty. Next comes the special Chinese column and filling it with water again.
Thousands of them ...
Some local stand
Research Center Chery Automobile Test & Technology Center, which opened in 2010 and cost the company more than half a billion yuan - the largest in Asia. He is among the five most-equipped laboratories in the world. Here tested the new engines, equipment, systems and so on. All can be carried out more than 1800 tests.
A special test site, where the work is checked all car mechanisms in certain climatic conditions. The temperature range which can be specified in the cabin - from -20 to +40. During the test fuel is used, typical of the region - thus completely simulated environment in which the vehicle is operated.
Spayz photo: was surprised that such machines ride not only on the territory of the plant, but also in the city.
Crash center of Chery - the largest in Asia. Tests conducted by NCAP safety rating system. Since its opening in 2010 has been more than 300 test vehicles on the strength of the center. Alas, to shoot in the middle of banned as there were carried out tests of the new car, which is still terrible secret.
The test site.
Chery M11 Sedan.