Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Recently I managed to visit SibNIA. I saw testing of aircraft models and full-scale models of aircraft.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

The first explore life test Sukhoi Su-34.

A view of the left engine compartment, made using the heat-resistant and high-strength titanium. Strands of wire lead from hundreds of strain sensors to control stresses in the aircraft structure to the data recording system.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Today SibNIA - the largest research center of aviation science in Eastern Russia. Specialists of the Institute are engaged in fundamental and applied research, testing of aviation and space technology, providing a variety of scientific and technical services. In SibNIA also developing, modernizing and repairing light aircraft. Carry out maintenance of aircraft (abbreviated - LA) in operation.

The main areas of research are the aerodynamic and strength. It is also actively developing flight tests.

In the photo shows the founder SibNIA Sergei Alekseevich Chaplygin bust on campus. To the left of the bust for the trees - the path to his grave: Chaplygin died on October 8, 1942, leaving a will to bury themselves in the territory of the branch founded by him, which was done. In 1969, the 100th anniversary of the great Russian aerodynamics institute was named after him.

Tomb, bust and the adjacent area are historic monument (memorial) of national significance, submitted to the State Register. The current collective SibNIA values ​​its history and cares for the legacy of their predecessors.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Now, briefly told about the creation and the current opportunities SibNIA:

The Institute is an independent organization, established immediately after the war (07.09.1946) Resolution of the USSR Council of Ministers № 1593-684 on the basis of the Novosibirsk branch number 2 Central hydrodynamic Institute named after Prof. Nikolai Zhukovsky (TsAGI). The branch was formed 08.19.1941 Decision of the State Committee of Defense of the USSR number 513 in connection with the evacuation of enterprises and organizations in the East of the USSR. In 1941-1942, work on the design and construction of buildings of laboratories, as well as the work of scientists and specialists evacuated from TsAGI, headed by one of the founders of aerodynamics - academician, Hero of Socialist Labor, Honored Scientist Sergey Chaplygin.

Over the past since the establishment of the institute has become a major aviation center with a team of highly skilled professionals and a powerful experimental base, which allows to carry out static, fatigue and dynamic testing of aircraft weighing up to 500 tonnes of aggregates and structural fragments, aerodynamic studies on the development of the aircraft shape, finishing developed promising LA, as well as commercially available products of aircraft, flight tests of serial and experimental aircraft, aircraft equipment.

In Russia, over the Urals SibNIA - the only one of its kind, more than anything like this in there.

In the European part of the country, in the town of Zhukovsky near Moscow in 1918 working TsAGI.

The Institute is engaged in now? Some photofragments his everyday work, I bring to your attention.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Photo: wind tunnel T-203.

In the field of aerodynamic research SibNIA uses two wind tunnels. First - just passed Repair tube low subsonic speeds T-203 with an open working portion and the airflow rate to 90 m / s. It was brought from TsAGI during the evacuation, was put into operation in 1944, it works great so far, and now it looks as good as new.

For reference: the speed of sound in air at normal atmospheric conditions at sea level - 330 m / s.

The wind tunnel is carried out research on improvement of aerodynamic configuration (or, in other words, the outer shape) LA.

I was allowed to photograph the installation of the pipe in a working model of a light aircraft with an amphibious "Soie" (white threads of) pasted on dyed to contrast in black color to visualize its surface flow of air. From the "tools" there are more aerodynamic balance - serious design size, ride on rails. Scales are designed to obtain information about the forces acting on the model of the three spatial axes X, Y, Z, and moments about them though.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

In the photo so-called "flow separation" on the wing surface.

On the upper surface of the left console "flying" with a large angle of attack model of behavior "shelkovinok" clearly observed stall (intense swirls, otherwise known as turbulence), that in the real flight results in a significant drop in the lift of the wing and problems with the handling of up to the stall and corkscrew.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

The wind tunnel T-205M. The second of the available wind tunnels SibNIA - trans- and supersonic flow at a rate up to 1, 7 Mach. If a Mach speed of sound equals one, the 1, 7 - is 560 m / s or 2020 km / h. Not bad, but ... At the moment the pipe is in the overhaul, after which the flow rate it will reach two Mach!

The picture shows spherical capsule closed working part, the center of which (the open hatch) can be considered external parts samóy working part section 0, 6 x 0, 6 m and lengths of 2, 4 m, where are models like lying in the foreground. They are made of metal alloys because of the large loads from the supersonic air flow (velocity pressure up to 3 tons per square meter!).

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

In SibNIA worked a lot of outstanding scientists and talented engineers. Among them - the aircraft designer Robert L. Bartini.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Bartini was a multi-talented man, a descendant of a family of Italian baron and a staunch communist. According to people who knew him well, a series of biographies of Robert Bartini places shrouded in mystery.

Under his direction record planes "Steel-6" (1932) "Steel-7" (1937) and its modifications, "Far arctic scout" (1935). Working in SibNIA in 1952-1957 years, he created the project of supersonic strategic bomber-missile A-57 (1957) with a unique aerodynamic configuration, projects supersonic aircraft, amphibious aircraft vertical takeoff and landing, WIG. On a large poster hanging above the exit from the premises of the wind tunnel T-203 - Bartini image with a fist compressed symbolic revolutionary internationalist gesture nearby - its slogan, which he followed all his life, dedicating it to that Soviet planes were the best in the world and "... fly fast black".

SibNIA aerodynamics have made a significant contribution to the development of domestic aviation. They conducted research and participated (in the process of independent and collaborative work with specialists TsAGI) in the creation of aerodynamic configuration of aircraft of various types (including the world famous Su-27 and its modifications, as well as some of the best in the world of sports acrobatic aircraft Su family 26 and their modifications), all types of WIG, other aircraft, created in the USSR and Russia.

For the creation of the Su-27 and Su-26, the former chief aerodynamics SibNIA Stanislav Timorkaevich Kashafutdinov twice (in 1996 and 2003) was awarded the State Prize of Russia, along with several leading experts EDO Pavel Osipovich Sukhoi and TsAGI - it is recognition for all he headed at the time of the collective and an indicator of high-level research conducted in SibNIA. For his work on the Su-26 has received the State Prize and Sergei G. Derishev - former head of the department of aerodynamics and aircraft flight dynamics.

The main scale and volume of work done SibNIA activity continues to study the strength of aircraft structures. The institute dealing with the problems of static, fatigue, thermal and dynamic strength. To this are three-stand housing total area of ​​15,400 m2, the complex headgears with reproducible force on the landing gear from 75 kg to 150 tons, a complex testing machine with reproducible force on the test specimen to one thousand tons and other equipment.

Stand "Sukhoi SuperJet-100" (SSJ-100) is in test package № 2/6. Body dimensions - 86 * 21 * 30 m, area power potolka- 500 m2 floor area of ​​the power - 1 800 m2, maximum takeoff weight of the test aircraft - 150 tons, their maximum gabarity- 60 * 30 * 18 m.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

The aircraft SSJ is designed CJSC "Sukhoi Civil Aircraft" (JSC "SCAC") to replace the Soviet machines Tu-134, and so on. N. Construction at the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association named after Yury Gagarin (KnAAPO them. Yu . A. Gagarin) in cooperation with the Novosibirsk aviation production association named after Valery Chkalov (NAPO. Chkalov) and Voronezh aircraft Building society (VASO).

This instance, serial №95006, arrived in SibNIA November 3, 2008 on board the lifting of the AN-124 "Ruslan" in the world of serial transport aircraft, the development bureau Oleg Antonov, who, incidentally, was the first chief SibNIA in 1946 after his conversion from the branch TsAGI as an independent organization.

The task of specialists SibNIA - to reproduce in the laboratory all possible factors, which will operate on a similar aircraft for the duration of its actual operation. That is to get the plane to live at an accelerated pace its no simple lotnuyu life (in this case - more than 40,000 flight hours), not looking up from the earth, "bringing a sacrifice" for the sake of the safety of passengers and crew of his colleagues, who from 21 April 2011 ( the date of commencement of operation) carried out in the sky has a lot of time.

The same applies to the other planes were tested in SibNIA.

Metal box, which spoils the aesthetic image, protects others from hitting the aircraft structure and fragments stand in a possible explosive destruction of the fuselage during a leak test with simulated pressure drops during the height set plane.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

In the picture above you can see the lines of the fuselage pressurization system.

In order for us to feel comfortable as a passenger plane flying at any altitude, the cabin life support system is supported by a pressure close to normal atmospheric pressure. Consequently, the fuselage at high altitude in the rarefied air is like an inflated ball with ready occurrence of damage at any time burst. To you and I, flying from point A, arrived at point B safe and sound, and operate modest workers closed from prying eyes of the enterprise under the name SibNIA, identifying problem areas experienced by the construction of aircraft and helping developers and operators to avoid potential problems by implementing then the necessary support "products" during their entire life cycle.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

SSJ-100 "without decor". So it looks, uncluttered, passenger compartment design.

You can see the front door of the salon, significantly different in design from our door, for example, an apartment. It must necessarily open outside of the rules of safety, though, in terms of simplicity to ensure integrity of the porch, it would be better the other way around - most of the air filter presses, and very hard on it from the inside. That's why the designers had to work hard. The result is obvious ...

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

And this is the brake system. We are seeing the lower surface of the left wing to the console rejected mechanization. In the foreground the cylinders double acting, otherwise known as not very euphonious word energizer. They are controlled by computers with a special program, reproduce the operational load on the plane through certain places its design. Their operation is controlled by a unique control and protection units, developed by specialists SibNIA and unparalleled in the world (not visible in picture blocks).

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

On the right-hand console SSJ visible blocks strain measurement system. In order to understand what stress feels this or that unit Jets design it in problem areas the whole bleak strain gauges - small flat gizmos, transforming its own deformation in a change in the electrical signal transmitted in real time over the wire in the information storage and processing system and enables judge the stress-strain state of the structure. As a result, the overall picture is clearly visible in all stress controlled areas and, accordingly, damage arising.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

collector stand hydraulic system. Stand endurance test consists of multiple systems, among them one of the most important is hydraulic. With its elements by commands automated control system (ACS) generated forces transmitted directly or through the mechanical part (rycházhku) on aircraft design. Actually, most modern oil pump station stand submits in 3600 liters of hydraulic fluid per minute.

Specialists in hydraulics SibNIA - high-class professionals. They develop the equipment is at a global level, and extreme (in aviation do not favor the word "last") for their development have no analogues in the world.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Lead engineer for testing aircraft for remote automatic control system - an automated control system stand SSJ.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Now it's time to statzal - the case-stand number 6. This - the largest in the country hall of static and fatigue tests of full-scale aircraft structures.

At the entrance.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

He hit the scales: size - 120 * 86 * 25 m, the area of ​​the power of sex - 10 000 m2, the power of the ceiling area - 6800 m2. Maximum takeoff weight of the test aircraft - 500 tons, their maximum size - 80 * 80 * 20 m In the statzale can simultaneously be tested planes 10-12 and 15-20 units on separate stands..

Design-stand housing taken into operation in the mid-60s of the last century, is a complex of the power of sex to pour in strong concrete plurality of parallel profiled metal gutters, a set of powerful power columns and the power of the ceiling of the longitudinal and transverse beams, are part of the test stands. A tremendous amount of working metal!

Combat training Su-27UB.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

He - one of the first in a large family, "the twenty-seventh." Double supersonic combat training fighter. The first flight made in 1985. The designers have kept on it in full avionics and armament single machine, eventually getting a full-fledged combat aircraft. Moreover, the presence of a second member of the crew allowed in the future to develop a double multi-purpose fighter Su-30 for the Air Force and Air Defense of the USSR, and on its basis - numerous modifications multipurpose fighter Su-30K (MC), which describe below. An instance, arrived in SibNIA to the test, according to the mind a lot and fly well.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Photo taken with a power ceiling statzala. The plane bears the remnants ve ve esovskoy color, which flew until they developed specified resource was decommissioned and transferred to SibNIA to determine the residual life of and make recommendations for its extension.

View from the end of the central tail boom Su-27UB.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Good heat-resistant viewed Engine compartment engine simulators and rectangular slots for cartridges of shot false heat goals (LTC), otherwise called "heat trap", in vending machines reset the left and right of the beam. The frame lower portions were dvuhkilevoe vertical tail with rudders.

This type Su-27UB in the opposite direction - from the cockpit toward tail. Wings hung rycházhkoy and therefore not visible.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

That is, rycházhka - in all its glory.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

This conglomeration of metal sections interconnected by rods of different lengths, and with the aircraft structure - simple canvas straps bonded to the skin "88th" adhesive called resonant word "rycházhka". No chaos - all designed and located exactly at the place for adequate reproduction of operating loads. Can you imagine what this charm to mount? The wiring harness at the bottom of the right are the keel to the sensors strain measurement system.

This rycházhka again, but on the left wing panel Su-27UB.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

For rycházhkoy visible nose of the Su-27SM cab pilot. The nose radome undocked. Clearly indicated power ring front frame taking the weight of the onboard radar (radar).

Look at last on the Su-27UB in the doorway of the power ceiling. Visible smooth orange rows of sheet metal strips which are sewn in places as unnecessary slots in the power semi statzala.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

SM-92T "Super Finist" Su-27UB and Su-27SM

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

multi-purpose fighter Su-27SM.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Su-27SM - Results from the deep modernization of the world famous Su-27 fighter designed to gain air superiority. The updated aircraft has become a multi-purpose, capable of not only much more efficient to dogfight, but also to work on the land and sea targets with precision-guided weapons.

modernization program for the Russian Air Force implements KnAAPO them. Yuri Gagarin.

Receiving the "glass" with multifunctional cockpit displays, additional points of suspension arms, motors with increased thrust and reinforced construction, aircraft potyazhelel. And this is a direct way to SibNIA - to test its strength.

Engine compartments and the central tail boom Su-27SM.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

In the compartments seen weight mimics of AL-31F-M1 to which are attached with thrust dynamometers - elements of the hydromechanical system that reproduces operational load: engine thrust forces occurring when maneuvering the aircraft and others.

The tail part of the Su-27SM with the removed horizontal and vertical tail surfaces.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

In the process of testing for some reason the plane temporarily stripped tail - fins, and all-moving horizontal tail.

Another picture of the stand of the Su-27SM.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

On it are clearly visible bright orange cylinders single acting, yellow and gray rods rycházhki, playground maintenance stand with yellow railing fence and blue struts.

Unlike SSJ stand, in this case for the reproduction alternating loads of different amplitude and intensity rycházhka mounted on the power and the floor, and on the power ceiling. That part which is mounted on top, pulls, respectively, up, and that the bottom of the aircraft - down. That's the way it is, and "flaps its wings" on the "whim" of Siberian our test engineers. The bow of the Su-33. Front view.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

In a dark corner statzala, hidden behind a stand for resource wing mechanization test passenger Tu-204, waiting for the decision of his fate another aircraft of the Su-27 - based fighter Su-33.

They are in the service of Russia there are very few. And floating airfield they also have one - based in the Arctic heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser "Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union Kuznetsov" from the Northern Fleet.

Specificity of flights from the deck of an aircraft carrier is such that the pilots of carrier-based aircraft are considered elite even among the "friends".

July 17, 2001 during an air show dedicated to the Day of Naval Aviation in the area of ​​the garrison "Island" in the Pskov region on the Su-33 (hull number 70) killed 47-year-old hero of Russia deputy commander of naval aviation of the country, Major General Timur Apakidze - one of the first front-line pilots who have mastered takeoffs and landings on the deck, "Kuznetsov" Man, do everything possible to preserve Russia's combat deck aircraft when bold cross had already been put to it in 90 years. Eternal Memory Hero ...

The commander of the aircraft of the Russian Navy and the Defense Minister himself is now attended to a problem generating the resource Su-33, and are prepared to replace them in the form of new multi-role fighters MiG-29K (ship) and MiG-29KUB (ship combat training).

The bow of the Su-33. View from above.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

On a dark background are clearly visible all the design elements: white radome, canards (PGO), otherwise known as destabilizing, and released the air brakes on the upper surface of the central part of the fuselage, as well as the smooth lines of rivets issuing power set's location - frames, stringers, ribs, spars. Lantern cockpit opened.

Being a "little brother" of the Su-27 aircraft, first flew in the sky August 17, 1987, significantly differs from it by virtue of uniqueness of the operating conditions and equipped (as we have seen) PGO, draining large areas with powerful mechanization and folding console, hook for braking via arresting gear cables, in-flight refueling system, other innovations. Enhanced design of its fuselage and landing gear. naval combat training double embodiment with advanced avionics, avant-garde wing aerodynamic profile and with adaptive pilot seated shoulder to shoulder as the Su-24 - one instance Su-27KUB designed and constructed on the basis of the Su-33.

A view of the center section of the Su-33.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

In this picture, as in the previous, we observe work on the plane of young professionals, which, as I noted in SibNIA enough. And this is good! There is someone to take the "baton of generations" by veterans of aviation science.

"Metal Heaven" on the Su-33.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

This instance is based fighter has never been raised in the present sky, I did not feel the cold gusts of salty wind of the Arctic Ocean, quivering with impatience to reheat turbines roar before the short run on the springboard of an aircraft carrier. Assembled on the stocks KnAAPO them. Yuri Gagarin, he carries the cross of their own destiny in statzale SibNIA for extending the lives of their fellow men, and the safety of their pilots.

Looks can be deceiving - this one tucked away in piles of metal structures cute "duck" - none other than as a formidable front-line bomber Su-34.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

In the Su-34 difficult fate. This is one of the most successful models of aircraft, born collapse of the Soviet Union at the time and one of the very few who managed to survive, and turning our eyes from the "duckling" into a beautiful "swan", constantly being improved in the process of ground and flight tests.

Su-34, just starting its serial biography, as well as the Su-24, for decades, which is one of the largest aircraft in the Air Force park - is highly intellectual products of the famous Paul Osipovich Sukhoi Design Bureau and one of the largest aircraft manufacturing companies in the country - NAPO. Chkalov, picks up the pace of series production straggler was at the start of his rivals promising machine.

Development T10V began June 19, 1986, the first flight T10V-1 - prototype of the Su-34 (or, alternatively, the Su-27IB - fighter-bomber) was held April 13, 1990, and the first production Su-34 (T-10 Vdc 5) took off from the airport of Novosibirsk aircraft plant more December 28, 1994. Do you realize Federation "T" are assigned test article Sukhoi.

The serial production went very hard due to obvious reasons related to the protracted crisis in the country.

As a descendant of the Su-27, it differs significantly from it constructively. Striking a unique pattern contours of the front of the fuselage, along a three-dimensional two-seater cabin for the pilots, seated near the shoulder-to-shoulder as in the precursor SU-24, SU-34, which is designed to replace. For the first time on a similar type of combat aircraft crew created quite a comfortable environment for the implementation of many hours of long-distance flights.

A view of the bottom surface of the right side of center, an influx of the root of the wing, right engine air intake Su-34. Not the foreground you can see the elements rycházhki well. All ingenious - is simple: cut to size metal parts, tarps, wooden sticks, glue.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

In this profiled channel air enters the engine Su-34. Engine is missing, so "there is light at the end of the channel."

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

And here is the Su-30MK, "at a glance".

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

As promised, I acquaint you with multipurpose (multifunctional) fighter Su-30MK (modernized commercial, intended for export.

It developed on the basis of the Su-30K (commercial) - version of two-seat fighter-interceptor based on the Su-27UB with refueling in flight and satellite navigation (GPS).

The first flight made in 1993. It is one of the most successful models of shock combat aviation complex 4+ generation. It has numerous modifications "sharpened" under the requirements of national air forces of different states: Su-30MKA (modernized, commercial, Algeria), the Su-30MKI (Indian ...), Su-30MKK (Chinese ...), Su-30MKM (Malaysian ...), Su- 30MKV (... Venezuela), Su-30M2 and Su-30cm (for the Russian Air Force), the Su-30KN - another commercial version. On the export version of the Su-30 is widely used on-board equipment of foreign manufacture.

SibNIA experts are now preparing to conduct endurance tests of the aircraft.

Su-30MK, rear view.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Grace iron bird.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

The aerodynamic layout, giving the aircraft a unique look, worked out with the direct participation of experts SibNIA.

In the picture are clearly visible landing gear (front and two main) with a red disc simulators wheel, open flap their niches oklononny slat on the right wing console (left), the right-hand console PGO (destabilizing factor in the center), air intakes (under it) with plugs outdoor lantern double cockpit (top right). airplane coloring bright, almost new.

In the background on the left (just over the right keel unpainted aircraft) can be considered delicate joints of power columns and the longitudinal beams of the ceiling statzala power.

Nose landing gear and air intakes inputs Su-30MK.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Places statzale busy, "the tickets already purchased." In the first row from left to right: multi-purpose transport of small-engine airplane SM-92T "Super Finist" Smolensk aircraft plant, developed NPF "Tekhnoavia" and Su-27UB production Irkutsk Aviation Plant (IAP) in the second row - the Su-34 production NAPO and (per column) multipurpose Su-80GP KnAAPO production.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Let's look more closely at the Su-80GP.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

He - one of the few civilian cars Sukhoi. This multi-purpose combi double-girder triplane turboprop and U-shaped tail. The first flight made Sept. 4, 2001.

Equipped with a pressurized cabin for 30 passengers. It can carry up to 3300 kg of cargo a distance of 1,300 kilometers. Rapidly converted from passenger to freight embodiment and vice versa. Cargo ramp in the rear fuselage allows an easy transport motor vehicles and aircraft standard containers. Beautiful aircraft for local and regional air routes, designed to replace the An-24, An-26, Yak-40. But, "not born beautiful, and born happy" - while his fate is not very good ...

In the foreground of the picture - a neat nose Su-34 radome.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

And here are stored in an orderly fashion racks, rods, cylinders and other details of test benches. Disorder in the air is not allowed (in SibNIA, at least under the supervision of the Director - test pilot class 1, try this rule strictly implement).

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

In the huge panels of protective box is long-haul passenger aircraft Tu-204.

Dubbed the West "Pacific bison" for low noise domestic engines (as well say that all we have is bad), it is very volatile (with a lovely aero) plane was born in a difficult time - at the turn of the 80s and 90s, and came to the test SibNIA in 1993. Because to them, and stayed ...

The aperture area of ​​the shield is visible joint central plane and the fuselage, in front - with orange pylon engine simulator Rejected slat section.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Power ceiling. Between power ceiling and roof work kranovschitsa (currently in crane cabins there - lunch break). Down in the doorway visible silhouette Su-30MK.

Power ceiling-stand housing number 6CibNIA is a true work of engineering and construction prowess. housing project developed by the specialists of the Novosibirsk branch of the project Research Institute of the Ministry of Aviation Industry of the USSR - GiproNIIaviaproma.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

The reflection of cosmic dawns.

The endurance test hall of the SSJ, not far from the booth, stored historical relics - the keel aerospace plane (FSI) "Buran" (with the dismantled left half clamshell two-part rudder is performed simultaneously airbrake function) and transport container (pictured on the left, green ) to carry the lander manned spacecraft L-3 - an opponent of the American "Apollo". Few people know that the first time with the "space" SibNIA met in the early '60s, when the institute was entrusted with the teploprochnostnyh test missile unit "E" of the lunar lander ship A-Z development "Southern". The tests were performed with the playback of multi day spaceflight factors and gave a good result. In these tests simulated thermal and mechanical effects on the block at different operation modes on the Moon (planting day or night, failure of the landing, the alarm or state starting from the day or night Moon et al.). Temperature effect realized in a temperature range from -170 to + 950 ° C with high heating and cooling rates.

If no problems with the launch vehicle H-1, our astronauts have walked on the moon even forty years ago! However, in 1974 the Soviet manned lunar program was shut down and work on these subjects discontinued.

Later, from mid-1976, SibNIA took up work on the "Buran". Tests were carried out large-scale units and elements VKS design, thermal protection tile on the combined effect of mechanical, thermal and acoustic loads, including simulated space environment. Thus, the wing socks tested in the temperature range of -120 to + 1300 ° C and a pressure of from 10 degree vminus 3 mm Hg. Art. to atmospheric pressure.

In works on the "Buran" were involved many experts SibNIA. So, prochnisty took an active part in the creation and testing of static pressurized cabin, carried out calculations of strength of its design. Aerodynamics studied takeoff and landing performance, as well as aerodynamic characteristics VCS on descent trajectory.

Assessment of their work gave himself "Buran" by following the November 15, 1988 the triumphant unmanned space flight.

By the way, the Americans have repeated similar to his experimental space unmanned orbital plane "Boeing X-37," 22 years later - in 2010. I invite you to visit another huge test building at number 30.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

"thirty". His so-called in SibNIA - "thirty". Portrait raised above the surrounding buildings giant follows: dimensions 100 * 70 * 30 m, the force floor area -5400 m2 maximum takeoff weight of the test aircraft - 400 tons, their maximum dimensions - 90 * 90 * 20 m.

Snapshot sufficiently conveys the scale of construction, was put into operation in the early 80-ies of the last century. On the left is a flying laboratory Yak-40 flight-owned research base (LIB) SibNIA. Her right in the back of the case - Stand endurance test aircraft tanker IL-78 with a colonnade.

Plain panel 30 № housing design does not allow to use it as a power frame as powerful design № housing 6. Therefore it is necessary to mount huge stands of model elements on the basis transformer.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Resource stand IL-78. Lifetime tests tanker aircraft IL-78, tail number 76607 were initiated in SibNIA 1987.

In the picture is visible to the left aircraft wing console with two pillars, which are fixed on the simulators of D-30KP-2 (red). To the right of the stand - the second, "the north-eastern" gateway housing.

Il-78 made its first flight in 1983, it is based on a military transport aircraft Il-76M and is intended for in-flight refueling of military aircraft during long-haul non-stop flights. The new version of IL-78M (M - upgraded, is based on IL-76MD, the first flight in 1987 a year) has three standardized suspension units refueling (ORM) and is able to transmit in air refueled aircrafts 105, 7 tons of fuel, such as tucking, three Su-30 at the same time.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

"Kalitochka". Huge gates hull number 30 are admitted for import to the test "products".

In the 80s the whole statzal was busy test aircraft equipment, in the 90 years of trials were stopped due to lack of funding and the building was preserved. Now there was a prospect of its use related to projects developed by specialists SibNIA re-engine airplanes of local airlines AN-2 and Yak-40.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

Iron flower. In the picture - a first stage compressor blades of a turbojet TFE341-3 firm "Honeywell Aerospace" (USA), which is supposed to replace the engines AI-25 Yak-40 to obtain improved operational characteristics.

But this - the short term, but on this day it has implemented a project to re-engine the legendary "maize" An-2, developed in the mid 40-ies of the last century, a team of Oleg Antonov with SibNIA professionals and holds the record for the duration of normal production and operation time - about 65 years!

Replacing piston ASH-62IR, production of which has long been discontinued for a gas turbine engine TRE331-12 the same firm "Honeywell Aerospace" has improved the characteristics of the aircraft.

"Like with the" Muscovite "moved to a foreign car" - describes his feelings on aircraft piloting techniques Test Pilots and pilots of civil aircraft, operates flights on the An-2ms, while noting the low fatigue of the crew compared to the An-2 communication with less noise and vibration levels in the cabin. Selection of hot air keeps the cockpit and the passenger cabin comfortable even at an altitude of 4000 m at ambient temperature, -35 ° C. Rebalancing plane when changing the power plant is much smaller than the An-2. Gone was the need to constantly monitor the temperature of the cylinder head and adjust it, which demanded that the former pilot piston engine AL-62IR.

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

to move on the territory of the housing SibNIA number 4B. Dynamic testing the main landing gear of the Tu-204SM.

Chassis aircraft experiencing enormous loads during landing. Especially if it passes abnormally.

In tests, takeoff and landing of aircraft devices used in the institute stands (copra) of different dimensions and, consequently, different efforts repeatable simulating real conditions of landing, taxiing and landing roll on airfields with their irregularities and other problems. In the picture - the rise of the main landing gear of the new long-haul passenger aircraft Tu-204SM, mounted in a fixed stand, before being discharged to a fixed support copra K-30 with a weight of discharged cargo up to 30 tons. The moment of relief I did not have time to shoot - so quickly it occurred. The roar from the impact of the support of a rack was very strong. Represent, as "sound" test copra K-100 with fixed support extending from the promotion of wheels to landing speeds, or copra K-80 with a massive drum 4-meter diameter, is untwisted to simulate concrete runway incident on sitting down at speeds up to 380 km / h the plane!

Excursion to the Institute of Aviation

copra K-30 and K-80. A headgears such as these, no more, no one in the country. They are unique. Because the chassis of almost all the aircraft developed in the Soviet Union, and then Russia, were in the hands of testers working on the eastern outskirts of Novosibirsk.

Prochnisty SibNIA were noted in the following references, which required a huge effort applications, significant financial investments, embodied in the creation and long-term operation of unique rooms, stands and equipment complexes, with whom I have just met:

Providing strength and durability of most mass-produced civilian and military aircraft and helicopters, created in the USSR and Russia.

Research, ensuring the reliability and durability of takeoff and landing gear (gear) all aircraft designed in the Soviet Union and Russia.

Development of the original test method aerospace objects (e.g., FORCE "snow-storm") without the use of high vacuum chambers.

The development of an original method of acoustic test facilities aerospace engineering based on a traveling acoustic wave effect.

There are a lot of things made by a team of Siberian Research Institute of Aviation for its 70-year history, but in the presentation, it looks to the layman even more technical and confusing, because confine told. And on the "dessert" - the image of the symbol dedication, fixed on the lapel of one of the leading experts in the field SibNIA aviakonstruktsy strength, who asked not to disclose his name. Well, modesty is always decorated for real men.