How to serve in the army in the USSR

These are photos from the Soviet album 80s Armed Forces with comments taken from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia.

"... from the taiga to the British seas The Red Army is the strongest," - so sang Soviet songs. During the Second World was the Soviet Red Army and Navy, along with the troops of civil defense, border and internal troops formed the Armed Forces of the USSR.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

The Armed Forces of the USSR - the military organization of the Soviet state, intended for the protection of the socialist achievements of the Soviet people, the freedom and independence of the Soviet Union. Together with the armed forces of other socialist countries, they ensure the safety of the entire socialist community from aggression assault.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

Stroybatovtsy BAM.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

The Armed Forces of the USSR are divided into types: the Strategic Rocket Forces, Ground Forces, Air Defense Forces of the country, Air Force, Navy, and also include the Rear of the Armed Forces, the headquarters and the troops of the Civil Defense. Types of the Armed Forces, in turn, are divided on the type of troops, sort of forces (Navy) and special troops who organizationally consist of the units, units and formations. The structure of the Armed Forces also includes the boundary and internal troops. Armed Forces of the USSR have a single organization and recruitment system, centralized management, unified principles of training and education of personnel and training of command personnel, the general order of service personnel, sergeants and officers.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

The engineers in action.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

The Armed Forces of the USSR are divided into types: the Strategic Rocket Forces, Ground Forces, Air Defense Forces of the country, Air Force, Navy, and also include the Rear of the Armed Forces, the headquarters and the troops of the Civil Defense. Types of the Armed Forces, in turn, are divided on the type of troops, sort of forces (Navy) and special troops who organizationally consist of the units, units and formations. The structure of the Armed Forces also includes the boundary and internal troops. Armed Forces of the USSR have a single organization and recruitment system, centralized management, unified principles of training and education of personnel and training of command personnel, the general order of service personnel, sergeants and officers.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

The direct management of the Armed Forces by the Ministry of Defense of the USSR. Subordinate to him all kinds of the Armed Forces, Rear of the Armed Forces, the headquarters and the troops of the Civil Defense. Every kind of Armed Forces headed by the appropriate in-Chief, who is the deputy. Defense Minister. Border and internal troops led by respectively the State Security Committee under the USSR Council of Ministers and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR. The structure of the Ministry of Defense includes the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR, the control-in-chief of the Armed Forces Rear Services Department of the Armed Forces, main and central management (General Directorate staff, central financial management, case management, and others.), As well as military authorities and institutions of the Civil Defense. The Ministry of Defense, among other tasks assigned to: the development of construction plans and the development of the Armed Forces in peace and war, improving the organization of troops, weapons and military equipment of the Armed Armed Forces and all kinds of material supply, operational management, combat training of troops and a number of other functions defined by the state protection requirements. Leaders of the Party and political work in the Armed Forces of the Central Committee of the CPSU carries through the Main Political Directorate of the Soviet Army and Navy, working on the Rights of the Department of the Central Committee of the CPSU. It directs the political authorities, the army and navy party and Komsomol organizations, provides party influence on all aspects of life of military personnel, directs the activities of political agencies and party organizations to enhance the combat readiness of troops and strengthening military discipline and political and moral state of the personnel.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

The ferry pontoon.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

Artillery crew during exercises. Material and technical support of the Armed Forces exercise control, and rear services, subordinate to the Deputy Minister of Defense - Chief of Logistics of the Armed Forces.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

USSR territory is divided into military districts. Military district may cover the territory of several territories and republics or regions. To fulfill allied commitments of the joint security of the socialist states temporarily on the territory of the GDR, Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia is a group of Soviet troops. The branches of the Armed Forces, military districts, groups of forces, air defense districts, fleets established military councils, which have the right to examine and address all the important issues of life and activities of the respective forces of the Armed Forces, the District. They bear full responsibility before the Central Committee of the Communist Party, the Government and the Minister of Defense of the USSR for the performance of the party and government regulations in the Armed Forces and Minister of Defense orders.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

On the submarine.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

On the background of the monument Motherland in the hero-city of Volgograd.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

Acquisition of the Armed Forces personnel, sergeants and petty officers of the call is held by Soviet citizens for military service, component, according to the USSR Constitution and the law on universal military duty in 1967, the honorable duty of citizens of the USSR (see. Conscription in the USSR). The call is made by the Minister of Defense order throughout 2 times a year: in May - June and November - December. For military service are encouraged to male citizens who have reached the age of 18 the day of the call, the service life of 1, 5 to 3 years, depending on their education and of the Armed Forces. An additional source of acquisition is the welcome servicemen and persons who are in the reserve, on a voluntary basis for the positions of warrant officers and re-enlist. Officers are completed on a voluntary basis. Officers trained in secondary and higher military schools the respective branches of the Armed Forces and the armed forces; Officers, political officers - in the higher military-political school. To prepare young people for admission to higher military schools there Suvorov and Nakhimov schools. Increasing the qualification of officers is held at the highest rates of improvement officers, as well as the system of combat and political training. The governing team, political, engineering and other officers are trained at military, air, naval and special academies.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

Communication with the commander.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

The ceremony of taking the oath.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

The history of the Soviet Army and Navy began with the formation of the world's first socialist state. Soviet people after the victory of the October Revolution of 1917 not only had to build a new society, but also to defend it by force of arms from the internal counter-revolution and repeated attacks of international imperialism. Armed Forces of the USSR Communist Party set up directly under the arms. Lenin, on the basis of the provisions of the Marxist-Leninist teachings about war and the army. Resolution of the 2nd All-Russian Congress of Soviets on October 26 (November 8), 1917, during the formation of the Soviet government established the Committee on Military and Naval Affairs in the composition of VA Antonov-Ovseenko, NV Krylenko, PE Dybenko; October 27 (November 9), 1917, was called the Council of People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs, December 1917 - The board of military commissars, since February 1918 - 2 Commissariat: for Military and Naval Affairs. The main armed force in the overthrow of the bourgeoisie and the landlords and the conquest of power by the workers were Red Guards and the revolutionary sailors of the Baltic Fleet, the soldiers of the Petrograd garrison and others. Based on the working class and poor peasants, they played a crucial role in the victory of the October Revolution of 1917, in the defense of the young Soviet republic in the center and in the field in the defeat in late 1917 - early 1918 the counter-revolutionary rebellion Kerensky - Krasnov near Petrograd, Kaledin on the Don, Dutova in the southern Urals, in ensuring the triumphant march of Soviet power throughout Russia.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

Army initiative.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

"... The Red Guards fought in the noble and supreme historical cause of the liberation of the working people and exploited from the yoke of the exploiters" (VI Lenin, Full. Cit. Cit., 5 ed., Vol. 36, p. 177).

How to serve in the army in the USSR

In early 1918, it became apparent that the forces of the Red Guards, as well as detachments of revolutionary soldiers and sailors is not enough for reliable protection of the Soviet state. In an effort to strangle the revolution imperialist states, especially Germany, have made an intervention against the young Soviet republic, merging with the performance of the internal counter-revolution: the White Guard rebellions and conspiracies SRs, the Mensheviks, the remnants of the various bourgeois parties. Needed regular armed forces capable of defending the Soviet state from numerous enemies.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

15 (28) On January 1918Covnarkom adopted a decree on the establishment of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army (Red Army) and 29 January (11 February) - Decree on the establishment of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Fleet (RKKF) Volunteering . The direct management of the formation of the Red Army carried out the All-Russia panel constituted SNK 15 (28), 1918 at the People's Commissariat for Military Affairs. In connection with the violation of the Armistice Germany and shift its troops to attack the Soviet Government February 22 appealed to the people with the written decree of Lenin-appeal "Socialist Fatherland is in danger!". This decree was the beginning of the mass entry of volunteers in the Red Army and the formation of many of its parts. In commemoration of the general mobilization of the revolutionary forces in the defense of the socialist fatherland and brave resistance units of the Red Army invaders February 23 is celebrated annually in the Soviet Union as a national holiday - Day of the Soviet Army and Navy.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

The army bath.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

Physical training.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

During the Civil War of 1918-20, the construction of the Red Army and Red Navy was carried out under extremely difficult conditions. The country's economy has been undermined by, rail transport is disorganized, the food supply of the army carried out irregularly, weapons and uniforms were not enough. The army does not have the necessary number of command personnel; means. some of the officers of the old army was on the side of the counterrevolution. The peasantry, from which basically was completed ordinary and NCOs, devastated the 1 st World War 1914-18, is not inclined to go voluntarily to the army. All these difficulties are compounded by the sabotage of the old bureaucratic apparatus, the bourgeois intellectuals and kulaks.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

and veteran inductee.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

From January to May 1918 the Red Army and Red Navy manned by volunteers, command structure (up to the commander of the regiment) was chosen; the number of volunteer units was extremely insufficient. By April 20, 1918, the Red Army numbered only 196 thousand. People. Picking Army volunteers and election of the commanding staff could not ensure the creation of the mass of the regular army, which was necessary in the international situation and in the conditions of expansion of the scope of the Civil War. March 4, 1918 the Supreme Military Council has been formed to guide the actions of the military and military organization. April 8 SNK adopted a decree on the establishment of the township, county, provincial and district commissioners on military affairs, on May 8, instead of the All-Russian Collegium for the formation of the Red Army was created by Russian headquarters (Vseroglavshtab) - the highest executive body in charge of mobilization, formation, unit and training of troops . Decree of the Central Executive Committee of universal military training of workers was introduced April 22 (Vsevobuch), commanding officers were appointed organs of the military department. Due to the lack of qualified personnel to command the army and fleet involved former officers and generals; It was established the institution of military commissars.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

Military ID.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

July 10, 1918 the 5th All-Russian Congress of Soviets adopted a resolution "On the organization of the Red Army" on the basis of universal conscription of workers aged 18 to 40 years old. The transition to compulsory military service has allowed to dramatically increase the number of Red Army. By the beginning of September 1918 in its ranks there were already 550 thousand. People. September 6, 1918 simultaneously with the announcement of martial law in the country of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic was created, instead of the Supreme Military Council (RVSR), whose function is operational and organizational control of the troops. In September 1918 RVSR were transferred to the functions and staff of the People's Commissariat for Military Affairs, and in December 1918 - the People's Commissariat for Naval Affairs (became part RVSR as the Marine Department). RVSR directs the actions of the army through its members - Commander of all the armed forces of the Republic (Commander: September 1918 - II Vatsetis, from July 1919 - SS Kamenev). September 6, 1918 was set up field headquarters Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic (February 10, 1921 merged with Vseroglavshtabom headquarters in the Red Army), a subordinate commander in chief and the troops involved in the preparation and supervision of military operations.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

Political information.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

Party-political work in the army and the navy carried out the RCP (b) through the All-Russia Bureau of Military Commissars (created April 8, 1918), which is April 18, 1919 by the decision of the 8th Party Congress was replaced RVSR department renamed May 26, 1919 in Political Administration (PUR) with RVSR, at the same time is a department of the Central Committee of the RCP (o). The troops of the party-political work was carried out political departments and Party organizations (cells).

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

In 1919, based on the decisions of the 8th Congress of the Party to complete the transition to the regular mass army, with a strong proletarian, politically conscious cadre nucleus of personnel, unified recruitment system, a stable organization of troops, centralized management and effective party-political apparatus. Construction of the USSR Armed Forces was held in a bitter struggle with the "military opposition", which opposed the creation of a regular army, defended the remnants of guerrilla forces in the management and conduct of the war, underestimated the role of the old military experts.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

By the end of 1919 the number of Red Army reached 3 million people by the autumn of 1920 -.. 5, 5 million people.. Specific gravity working was 15%, farmers - 77%, other - 8%. Total for 1918-20 was formed by 88 infantry and 29 cavalry divisions, 67 squadrons (300-400 aircraft) as well as a number of artillery and armor units and subunits. There were 2 spare (redundant) army (the Republic and the south-east. Front) and part of the Universal Military Training, which trained about 800 thousand. People. During the years of the Civil War, six military academies and more than 150 courses and schools (October 1920) prepared from the workers and peasants of 40 thousand. Commanders. On August 1, 1920 in the Red Army and Navy, there were about 300 thousand. Communists (about 1/2 of the entire composition of the Party), is a cementitious core of the army and navy. About 50 thousand. Of them died a heroic death during the Civil War.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

In the summer and autumn of 1918 the existing troops began to add up the army and fronts led by the Revolutionary Military Council (PBC) of 2-4 members. By the fall of 1919, there were 7 fronts, each of 2- 5 armies. All the fronts were 16-18 combined arms armies, one Cavalry Army (1st) and several individual cavalry corps. In 1920 it was formed 2nd Cavalry Army.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

During the struggle against the interventionists and White Guards used mainly adopt the old army. At the same time the party adopted emergency measures to establish military industry and unparalleled heroism of the working class allowed to go to an organized supply the Red Army with arms, ammunition and uniforms of Soviet production. Average monthly output of rifles in 1920 amounted to more than 56 thousand units of ammunition -.. 58 million units.. In 1919 the company built 258 aircraft and 50 aircraft repaired.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

together with the creation of the Red Army was born and developed Soviet military science, based on the Marxist-Leninist teaching on war and the army, the revolutionary struggle of the masses, the achievements of the past of military theory, creatively processed with the new conditions. the first statutes of the Red Army were published in 1918 - Internal Service Charter, the Charter of garrison duty, Field Manual, 1919 - Disciplinary Regulations. Great contribution to Soviet military science were Lenin's theses about the nature and character of the war, the role of the masses, the social system, the economy in achieving victory. Already at that time clearly manifested the characteristic features of Soviet military art: the revolutionary creative activity; intransigence to the template; the ability to determine the direction of the main attack; reasonable combination of offensive and defensive operations; pursuit of the enemy up to its full destruction et al.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

After the victorious conclusion of the Civil War and applying decisive defeat associate the forces of the interventionists and White Guards Red Army was transferred to the peaceful situation and the end of 1924 its population was reduced by 10 times. Along with the strengthening of the demobilization of the Armed Forces was held. In 1923 he was re-established the united People's Commissariat for Military and Naval Affairs. As a result of military reform 1924-25 was reduced and upgraded the central office, put new states of parts and connections, to improve the social composition of the command staff, developed and implemented new regulations, instructions and manuals. The most important issue of military reform was the transition to a mixed system of manning, which allows you to have a small peacetime regular army with a minimum expenditure of funds for its maintenance in conjunction with territorial militias inner districts (see. Geographically, the militia unit). Staff were most of the formations and units of the frontier districts, technical and special forces of the Navy. Instead of LD Trotsky (1918 - Narkomvoenmor and chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic), tends to tear the Red Army and Navy of the Party leadership, January 26, 1925 Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR and the People's Commissar for Military and Naval Affairs was appointed Mikhail Frunze, after the death of which became the People's Commissar Voroshilov.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

First Union law "On compulsory military service", adopted September 18, 1925 the CEC and SNK, secured the measures carried out in the course of military reform. This law defines the organizational structure of the Armed Forces, which included ground forces (infantry, cavalry, artillery, armored forces, engineer troops, signal corps), air and naval forces, the troops of the Joint State Political Administration (OGPU) and the convoy guards USSR. Their number in 1927 was 586 thousand. People.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

In the 30-ies. on the basis of the progress achieved in the construction of socialism, there was a further improvement of the Armed Forces; their territorial and human resources unit ceased to satisfy the needs of national defense. The 1935-38 was a transition from geographically personnel system to a single device armed forces personnel. In 1937, in the ranks of the army and navy, there were 1, 5 million people, in June 1941 -.. About 5 million people.. June 20, 1934 the CEC of the USSR abolished the RVS USSR and renamed the People's Commissariat for Military and Naval Affairs of the People's Commissariat of Defense. In November 1934 was created the Military Council of the People's Commissariat of Defense, in 1937 the military councils in the districts in 1935. The headquarters of the Red Army reorganized into the General Staff. In 1937 he established the All-Union People's Commissariat of the Navy; Political Department of the Red Army was renamed the General Directorate of political propaganda and political district administration and political departments of the compounds - in the departments and offices of political propaganda. May 10, 1937 decision of the CEC and SNK was introduced the institution of military commissioners are responsible, together with the commanders of the political and moral state of the troops, operational and mobilization readiness, state of weapons and military equipment; in 1938 established the Main Military Council of the Red; Army and Navy.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

September 1, 1939 a law was passed "On universal military duty," which repealed pre-existing restrictions on calling in the army and the navy for some categories of the population and proclaimed military service honorable duty of all citizens of the USSR, irrespective of their social class.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

improve the social composition of the army, from 40 to 50% of soldiers and junior commanders were members of the working class. In 1939, there were 14 military academies, military schools 63 Army and 14 Navy, 32, flight and flight-technical school. September 22, 1935 were introduced personal military ranks (see Military Ranks.), And May 7, 1940 - the generals and admiral ranks. According to the technical equipment of the Armed Forces of the prewar five-year plans (1929-40) rose to the level of the armies of the advanced capitalist countries. The Army in 1939 compared to 1930 the number of artillery increased; 7, including anti-tank and tank - up to 70 times. The number of tanks from 1934 to 1939 increased by 2, 5 times. Along with the quantitative increase in arms and military equipment to improve their quality. A significant step has been made in increasing the rate of fire of small arms. Increased mechanization and motorization of all types of troops. Air defense forces, engineering, communications, chemical defense armed with new technical means. Based on the success samoloto- Motors and Air Force have been further development. In 1939 and 1930 compared to the total number of planes it has increased in 6, 5 times. The Navy unfolded construction of surface ships of various classes, submarines, torpedo boats, and naval aviation aircraft. In comparison with 1939 the volume of military products in 1940 increased by more than 1/3. Through the efforts of teams of design bureau of AI Mikoyan and M. Gurevich, Alexander Yakovlev, Lavochkin, Ilyushin, VM Petlyakova et al., And the aviation industry workers were set up different types of fighter aircraft: Yak-1, MiG-W, LaGG-W, dive bomber Pe-2, IL-2 Sturmovik. Design teams J. J. Kotin, MI Koshkin, AA Morozov, I. Kucherenko put into batch production of the world's best heavy and medium tanks KV-1 and T-34. Design offices VG Grabin, II Ivanov, F. Petrov et al. Created a new and original types of artillery guns and mortars, many of which came to mass production. From May 1940 until the beginning of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, the gun park has more than 1, 2 times. Designers YA Pobedonostsev, II Gwaii, VA Artemiev, FI Go and others. Built rocket weapons for the salvo firing on the area. A large group of engineers and scientists - Krylov, PN Papkovich VL Pozdyunin VI Kostenko, A. Maslov, BM Malinin, VF Popov and others. , has developed several new models of warships, which have been put into mass production. Great success achieved in 1940-41 factories for the production of small arms, ammunition, fuel and lubricants, and others.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

Increased technical equipment allowed on the eve of the war significantly improve the organizational structure of troops. The infantry divisions of tanks were included, powerful divisional artillery, anti-tank and anti-aircraft artillery, which greatly increased their firepower. A further development was the organization of the artillery Reserve Command (RGC). Instead of separate tanks and armored brigades which 1939 were basic compounds armored forces, formation of larger compounds - tank and mechanized divisions. The airborne troops began to form airborne body, and the BBC - 1940 move to a divisional organization. The Navy organized compounds and associations, intended for joint action with ground troops and for independent operations.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

Further developed military strategy, operational art, and tactics. In the mid-30s. developed the theory of deep battle and deep operations, reflecting a qualitative change in the technical equipment of troops - a fundamentally new theory of conducting operations by mass highly mobile, technically well-equipped armies. Theoretical positions were tested for maneuvers and exercises, as well as during the fighting the Red Army in the area of ​​Lake Khasan, p. Khalkhin Gol, in the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939-40. The newly developed many regulations and manuals. In 1940 the troops of infantry arrived Field Manual (ch. 1), the draft Field Manual and field manuals Corps (ch. 2), Field Manual of armored forces, Phalanx tired, tired guard duty, and others. May 7, 1940 People's Commissar of Defense was appointed S. Timoshenko.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

Despite the measures taken, the preparation of the Armed Forces to repel the impending German fascism aggression has not been completed. The reorganization of the Armed Forces on a new technical basis for the war was not over yet. Most of the compounds have been translated into new states, has not been fully staffed with weapons and military equipment and vehicles. Many commanders of middle and senior managers lacked experience in conducting modern warfare.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

The Great Patriotic. War of 1941-45 was the most difficult test for the Soviet people and the Soviet Armed Forces. Nazi troops, due to a sudden attack, long-term preparations for war, the 2-year experience of hostilities in Europe, the superiority in the number of weapons, the number of troops and other temporary advantages, managed in the first months of the war, regardless of losses, move hundreds of kilometers deep into Soviet territory. The CPSU and the Soviet government did everything necessary to eliminate the deadly threat that hangs over the country. Since the beginning of the war organized and carried out in the short term the deployment of the Armed Forces. By July 1, 1941 from the reserve was intended to 5, 3 million. Pers. The whole life of the country was reconstructed on a war footing. Major industries have switched to military production. In July - November 1941 from the war zone it was evacuated 1,360 large enterprises, mainly for defense purposes. June 30, 1941 was established an extraordinary body - the State Defense Committee (GKO), chaired by Joseph Stalin. July 19, 1941 People's Commissar of Defense was appointed Stalin that August 8 was also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. T-bills led the entire life of the country, uniting the efforts of the rear and front, the activities of all state organs, party and public organizations for the complete defeat of the enemy. Fundamental questions of governing the State, waging war solved the Party Central Committee - the Political Bureau of the Organizing Bureau and the Secretariat. Decisions are enforced through the Supreme Soviet Presidium of the USSR SNK, T-bills, and Supreme Headquarters, created on August 8, 1941. The strategic leadership of the Armed Forces of the betting is done with the help of its working body - the General Staff. The most important issues of war were discussed at the joint meetings of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of T-bills and Bids.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

Since the beginning of the war has been expanded training of officers at the expense of increasing the contingent of students of the academy, students of schools and reduce the time of training, the creation of a large number of courses for accelerated training of junior staff officers, especially among soldiers and sergeants. From September 1941 to outstanding connections we began to assign the name of the guard (see. Guard Soviet).

Thanks to the extraordinary measures taken by the CPSU and the Soviet government, an unprecedented mass heroism and self-sacrifice of the Soviet people, the army and navy to the end of 1941, managed to stop the enemy on the approaches to Moscow, Leningrad and other vital centers of the country. During the Battle of Moscow of 1941-42, the first major defeat of the enemy for all the 2nd World War it was applied. This battle dispelled the myth of the invincibility of the German fascist army, frustrated "blitzkrieg" plan, was the beginning of a decisive turn in the war in favor of the USSR.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

The summer of 1942 the center of military operations moved to the southern wing of the Soviet-German front. The enemy rushed to the Volga, the Caucasus oil, grain regions of the Don and Kuban. The Party and the Soviet government made every effort to stop the enemy continued to increase the power of the Armed Forces. By the spring of 1942 as part of the Armed Forces it was only in the army 5, 5 million. Pers. From mid-1942 the industry began to increase war production, more fully ensure the needs of the front. If you were issued 15,735 aircraft that in 1942 more than 25 436 tanks, respectively 6590 and 24 446 ammunitions production increased by almost half in 1941. In 1942 the army of 575 thousand. Officers were sent. The Battle of Stalingrad 1942-1943 Soviet troops inflicted the defeat of the enemy and captured the strategic initiative. This victory marked the beginning of radical change not only in the Great Patriotic War, but throughout the 2nd World War.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

In 1943, rapidly developing military production: aircraft release compared to 1942 increased by 137, 1%, warships at 123%, submachine guns by 134, 3%, the shells 116, 9%, air bombs by 173, 3%. In general, military production has increased by 17%, as in Nazi Germany by 12%. Soviet defense industry was able to beat the enemy, not only in the number of weapons, but also for its quality. Mass production of artillery allowed to strengthen the divisional artillery, set up a body, an army artillery and powerful artillery reserve of the Supreme Command (RVGK), new parts and units of reactive, antitank and antiaircraft artillery. It was formed a significant number of tank and mechanized housings, most of which has been reduced further in the tank. Army. Armored and mechanized forces have become the main striking force of the Land Forces (to the end of 1943, in their composition was 5 tank. Armies, 24 tank and 13 mechanized corps). Increased part of air divisions, corps and armies of air. A significant increase in the power of the Soviet Armed Forces and the increased generalship allowed its commanders in the Battle of Kursk in 1943 inflict a major defeat fascist troops, who delivered Nazi Germany before the war a disaster.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

The soldiers-internationalists and pioneers.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

The decisive victories were won by the Armed Forces of the USSR in 1944-45. By this time they had a great combat experience, has great power and beginning of 1945 totaled 11,365 thousand. People. Vividly revealed the advantages of the socialist economic system, the vitality of the economic policy of the CPSU and the Soviet government. In 1943-45 annually produces an average of 220 thousand. Artillery guns and mortars, 450 thousand. Guns 40 thousand. Airplanes, 30 thousand. Tanks, armored vehicles and ACS. The mass quantity produced new types of aircraft - La-7, Yak-9, IL-10, TU-2, EC-2 heavy tanks, self-propelled artillery ISU-122, ISU-152 and SU-100, rocket launchers BM- 31-12, 160-mm mortars and other military equipment. As a result of strategic offensive operations, including at Leningrad and Novgorod, in the Crimea, on the Right Bank Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Baltic States and in the Arctic, the Armed Forces have cleared of invaders Soviet soil. Developing the rapid advance of Soviet troops in 1945 held the East Prussian, Vistula-Oder and other operations. In the Berlin operation they have achieved the final defeat of Nazi Germany. The Armed Forces have fulfilled a great mission of liberation - helped get rid of the Nazi occupation of the peoples of Eastern and South-Eastern Europe.

In fulfilling its obligations as an ally, the Soviet Union in August 1945 joined the war against Japan. The Armed Forces of the USSR, together with the armed forces of Mongolia defeated the Japanese Kwantung Army, and thus played a crucial role in the completion of the 2nd World War (see. The Manchurian operation 1945).

How to serve in the army in the USSR

guiding force of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War was the Communist Party. During the war she was sent to the front, over 1, 6 million. Communists during the war in the ranks of the Communist Party came to about 6 million. Pers.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

The Afghan canyon. The Party and the Soviet Government appreciated the feats of the soldiers at the fronts. . More than 7 million soldiers were awarded orders and medals; More than 11,600 of them - representatives of 100 nations and nationalities - were awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union. About half of the recipients of soldiers - the Communists and Komsomol members.

How to serve in the army in the USSR How to serve in the army in the USSR

Wall newspaper.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

During the war, the USSR Armed Forces have acquired a huge combat experience. A further development was the Soviet military science, especially the art of war and all its constituent parts - a strategy, operational art, and tactics. Have been comprehensively designed with questions tactical and strategic offensive operations group of fronts, successfully resolved the problem of breaking the enemy's defense, the continuity of the offensive by typing in a breakthrough mobile - armored and mechanized formations and associations, to achieve a clear interaction of forces and means, sudden blows, comprehensive support operations, issues of strategic defense and counterattack

How to serve in the army in the USSR

The army canteen.

How to serve in the army in the USSR

After defeating the army of Nazi Germany and imperialist Japan, the Soviet Armed Forces emerged from the war became strong organizational, equipped with the latest technology, with the consciousness of accomplishment to the Soviet people and all mankind. The mass dismissal of personnel. September 4, 1945 T-bills was abolished, ceased operations Stavka. February 25, 1946 instead of the Commissariat of Defense and the Navy created a single People's Commissariat of the Armed Forces of the SS

How to serve in the army in the USSR

A young family.