How do coaches
Presenting your attention the photo report from LiAZ. Sit back, there will be many photos.
Our tour of the plant begins with the pressing and blanking shop.
There occurs a longitudinal and a transverse cutting steel coils, as well as all the necessary workpiece for cold forming parts future busses.
In the production of cold-stamping body panels are made facing, as well as parts and components of the body frame elements.
laser cutting plot using complex "Trumpf TL - 3030".
Using cunning crane operator issues a metal sheet in a working area of the machine.
We were able to look behind the protective shield and spy, like a laser beam at high speed burns correct profile for future harvesting.
After a while, the machine unloads the finished parts.
But this is only the beginning of a long process.
Later, with the help of the press, they will give the desired shape.
The finished parts are waiting for sending to the following production steps.
Fabrication, Coil - evaporator air system. Later, we see the item appears on the finished bus.
Now we shall proceed to the shop welding and car body production. The photo - assembly line welding SCHLATTER roof. Pre-operating gain on the stock elements of the future roof.
SCHLATTER at work.
Follow on a string conveyor we are. Step by step, the bus elements are becoming more and more details.
Is the front panel of the bus. Welder at work.
Finally, it is time, when the conveyor is collected in a single unit all elements of the bus frame. Front - in the photos.
The so-called frame - the lower, the carrier part of the body of the bus.
On the slipway in strict geometry of the body, all the parts are assembled into a single unit.
Body Welding on the stocks. Now, if you wish, you can see the silhouette of the future bus.
Next, on the line, ready to frame sheathe sheets of metal.
In order to board the bus were absolutely smooth on lyase used a unique technology. Before welding, the metal sheet is heated to a temperature of 90 degrees Celsius. It increases in size, and only then, pull it to the frame.
The final touches of body production.
Please note - two parts, articulated bus provided to cataphoresis treatment of the body.
Analogues of such a process for bodies such dimensions in Russia, other CIS countries and neighboring countries do not.
Teams process fragile girl.
Body alternately dipped in several large baths.
At the time, the factory has become the first company in Russia, applied the full body anti-corrosion treatment by cataphoresis. In this method of electrolytic coloring is that the product is placed in a cataphoresis bath, it is subjected to an electric field. As a result, a special water-based paint is deposited on all the product as a whole, without missing even the tightest of corners. Coupling epoxy layer with the metal is extremely durable, and the resulting coating is resistant to most aggressive weather conditions.
At the moment, this method of application except LiAZa electrolytic primer is used only a few enterprises in Western Europe.
For me it was a revelation that the roof of the bus, one hundred percent is covered by a plastic sheet.
On lyase argue that this technology is on the order of practical and durable.
The company is constantly employs about fifteen hundred workers at an average salary of 35 thousand rubles.
At this point, in February 2012, each shift for factory gate out 10 brand new buses.
But the shaft on orders for lyase occurs at the end of the year, t. To. The main customers of the enterprise budget organizations. At such times, the conveyor exit buses sharply increases. The company is gaining temporary workers and salary raises.
the body is the subject of legitimate pride of the plant.
LiAZ ensures that the body of its buses will serve at least 12 years to rust.
Share your smile!
The final stage before sending the body color.
It's time to get down to business masters window Affairs.
To say that the work is literally burning in the hands of masters, it is not enough - it must be seen with my own eyes.
size of the company is impressive. pipeline branch floats on two floors at a time.
It's time to get down to the final assembly line of buses. Every 45 minutes on a conveyor mounted axles, every 90 - motor.
On request, the machine equipped with ZF axles companies, Raba domestic or KAMAZ.
In this case, as seen in the photo, set the bus drive axle of the German manufacturer - ZF company.
The choice of motor and gearbox as well depends on the willingness of the customer. Gamma units wide, from domestic YaMZ and KAMAZ, to the best import samples companies MAN, Caterpillar, Cummins. gearbox Voith, ZF.
During our visit was completed with a series of bus company MAN engines in conjunction with automatic transmission ZF. At the time of the video connections of the engine and the chassis.
Next, a no less interesting point joining the two halves of the articulated bus.
As is well known, LiAZ one of the first factories who started manufacturing buses in Russia of similar design.
The docking of the two halves of the bus.
This is the start of series production bus LIAZ-6212, with our streets began to disappear Hungarian "bunching" of Icarus.
cylinders are provided at the junction node of the electronic brains, and now to prevent the trailer skid and hard blows in the extreme positions, the cylinders changing the damping degree according to the rotation angular velocity.
On lyase applied new scheme - the drive wheels on articulated buses are on trailer. It was he who pushes the bus. Therefore, when the danger of folding on a slippery surface, the mechanism cylinders are blocked.
joint mechanism worth around 1 million. Rubles. Of these, the mechanism 700 thousand., And another 300 thousand. The so-called "accordion".
And God forbid, "just fire".
Main customers LiAZ large motor transport in the cities.
buses series with a yellow-orange color is used for the new program of the Moscow government. Bright buses will run on dedicated lanes for public transport.
Debugging and testing the electronics.
Filling buses technical liquids. In this case, in the bus air conditioning system refrigerant charge.
The driver of the bus. In my opinion, everything is done on the level.
I remove become the first passenger of the bus newcomer. Not surprising lack of seats in the cabin. Such is the order Mosgortransa apparently term seat service longer than the service life of the bus.
But before we leave the plant bus gets to an independent control line. This is a special technique of "the CSA" Car audit, carried out on the basis of international standards, its purpose is to give an independent assessment of the quality of the car "from the perspective of the consumer."
And only then, the bus will go to the consumer, and to its passengers.