7 the most promising options for resurrection
Touch suit, cryonics, bioprisutstvie and other attempts to make a real life after death.
irreconcilable struggle with death lead humankind since the dawn of civilization. Scientists have searched for practical ways to delay its onset, or to breathe life into a dead body. Philosophers tried to reconcile man with the thought that he is mortal. Religious leaders have promised an afterlife or reincarnation.
Despite the fact that today, the resurrection is still considered something fantastic, many researchers agree that sooner or later, people not only reveals the secret of immortality, but also learn how to return the dead. The most optimistic forecasts in this respect are related, of course, with the latest trends in science and technology. Modern Frankenstein, however, inhibits the ethical side of the issue: it is not known what the monsters are obtained as a result of their manipulation.
Forbes magazine chose seven ways to rise, which in the future, in theory, be able to take advantage of anyone.
A few years ago, students of the Royal College of Art in London, Georg Tremmel and Shiho Fukuhara proposed to replace tombstones trees with embedded DNA of dead people. For the experiment, the tree would fit any breed, but young scientists chose the apple tree - a symbol of fertility. Moreover, they did not rule out the possibility that the introduced DNA will be further useful for the cloning of the deceased.
bioprisutstviya project (biopresence) created a furore. NESTA organization, specializing in supporting innovative projects in science, technology and art, allocated for its implementation £ 35 000. But it soon became clear that it would require much larger cost. The Advisory Committee on emissions into the environment ACRE said that every tree, grown by Tremmel and Fukuhara, require careful and costly inspection technology: the representatives of the committee had to make sure that the plants are completely safe for the environment. Another difficulty was the fact that the creation of one such tree costs more than £ 30,000 and took about six months. That's how much money and time required to take a scraping from the inside of the human cheek, highlight a sample of DNA to plant it in apple seeds and seedling grown in the laboratory, which later take root in the soil. While the flurry of orders for Tremmel and Fukuhara not spilled, and the project was suspended, research in this area continues.
the father of modern cryonics Robert Ettinger considered - American physicist and mathematician, a lover of science fiction. Published a book "The prospects of immortality" in 1962, he gave humanity the hope of eternal life. Which trusts himself: after his death July 23, 2011 the body of Robert Ettinger subjected kriozamorozke.
The main goal of cryonics - to keep the human body up to the time when medicine will be at the disposal of technology to recover all the functions of the body, including to get rid of the damage which caused the death. In most cases we are talking about the so-called nanotechnology. Long-term preservation of the body is possible thanks to the fact that the ultra-low temperature suspend occurring in it chemical processes, including the process of decomposition.
In the US there are two major non-profit organization specializing in research in the field of cryonics: "Alcor" (Scottsdale, AZ) and the Cryonics Institute (Clinton Township, MI). Everyone has their cryostorage where waiting for the resurrection of a hundred patients. The cost of freezing is between $ 50,000 to $ 250,000, which can be saved as a whole body, and the brain only. Russian organization "KrioRus' requests for their services more modest price - $ 10 000-30 000. More:
Cryonics Institute //www.cryonics.org
The creation of a superman
The strategic social movement "Russia-2045" has taken on the challenge to make a plan of human evolution in the third millennium. Members of the movement have expressed much more bold predictions than the followers of Darwinism, and suggest that by 2045 humanity will gain immortality, if strictly adhered development schedule.
According to this plan, by 2015, should see the first instance of an avatar - a robot that will be managed using the signals sent by the brain and nervous system. In 2020 to be held the first successful experiment of marrow transplantation in an artificial body, and an artificial brain will be in 2030-m. At this rate, by 2045 people will learn to move consciousness into the body hologram. At the same time the new man will be endowed with a number of super-powers - for example, will be able to endure exposure to radiation and elevated temperatures.
Community members, among which there is the doctor of physical and mathematical and biological sciences, do not deny the fact that the forecast may seem overly optimistic. However, the preconditions for the implementation of an ambitious plan, of course. The main thing - to change the scientific paradigm, because the main function of science - not the satisfaction of consumer needs of society and the implementation of the ambitious task of creating a superman.
By the way, Hollywood actor Steven Seagal has decided to join the movement "Russia-2045" and become the representative of his interests in the United States.
To date, not a single case of human cloning. Progress in this area takes a lot of factors, starting with the technological complexities and ending with the moral and ethical contradictions. In some countries, human cloning and all prohibited by law. It is not only reproductive cloning (when the new individual receives the same rights and duties as the ordinary man), but also about the therapeutic (when cloned embryos used to produce stem cells). In Russia, a similar law was passed in 2002, and in 2010 - its action is prolonged. But developments in the field of human cloning does not stop, and it is possible that sooner or later the day will come when all the bans will be lifted. In order to be able to live up to this day, it is necessary to pass a DNA sample to the appropriate store. Keep in mind that modern DNA banks, as a rule, do not offer their services to the very purpose of subsequent cloning - by virtue of the same social, political and scientific controversy.
Swiss DNA Bank for $ 399 is committed to always be kept in a special safe haven not only the DNA of its customers, but also to any gigabytes of information, which they want to leave behind - from scans documents to family pictures. Additional two gigabytes will cost another $ 199, four - to $ 299.
In July 2005, started the Blue Brain Project, in which experts from IBM and the Swiss Federal Technical Institute of Lausanne have joined together to create a virtual human brain on the basis of a new generation of supercomputers. And although it is in their plans to play a body structure (which in itself is an extremely complex and laborious work), not consciousness, a virtual brain in the future it is able to form the basis for the so-called loading technology of consciousness. Its essence lies in the transfer of the human mind to a computer or other medium by scanning and brain mapping.
Study the relocation problem of consciousness is engaged in science settleretika (from the English settler - immigrant). Before her first task is to understand how to read the information, and then - how to transfer it to the media.
It is assumed that the optimal scheme of "resettlement" looks like. With age, as dying, natural neurons in the brain will be replaced with backups that are combined into neurocomputer (also called "neuroprosthesis"), and at the time of death, the original backup has brain will fully support all of its features. Obviously, the main obstacle to settleretiki is Supercomplex brain device, wherein the number of neurons in the billions. More:
Blue Brain Project //bluebrain.epfl.ch
One of the most simple, visible and relevant ways to resurrect the deceased was voiced by Pierce Blodinym author portal Weekly World News. He proposed to combine artificial intelligence with the effects of the Internet boom.
In his mind, it is necessary to create a program aimed at gathering information left by the deceased in social networks, forums, online diaries. It is possible that the basis of such a program will be based on the scripts used by hackers to access to the classified material. A plurality of electronic agents went in search of information about a person, then to deliver it to a central location, where an intelligent portrait of the deceased will be created - or artificial intelligence that has the features of a particular person.
A major role in just how successful will be the implementation of this plan, the degree of openness of the late plays. After all, some shared with virtual friends smallest details of their lives, while others remain on the web secretive or simply lying.
The project to create a touch of costume belongs to the Russian participants of the transhumanist movement, convinced that modern man - only the first stage of the evolution of homo sapiens. Touch costume - a collection of recording device and store the information that gets people every day through the senses and fixing the conscious reactions. It is assumed that the received data arrays (Infotech) will be recorded on digital media, where they can be kept forever. The next step - the creation of neurocomputer that reproduces the process of obtaining information the man and his reaction to it, that is, reconstructing identity. The resulting neurochip placed into an artificial body, which from now on will be a carrier of consciousness died. Touch the suit can also be used to optimize memory storage and recovery process after kriozamorozki. Members are already making attempts to implement the project: some people are continuous audio with special devices.