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10 scientific terms that were actually invented by science fiction.

Scientists - people with no imagination. At least, linguistic. Having made some invention, they do not come up with a name for it themselves, and seek the help of science fiction. We have compiled a list of the 10 most well-known terms that have been used in fiction long before science.

Robotics and positron

The inventor of these two commonly used terms - writer Isaac Asimov. They were first used them in the fantasy series "I, Robot", published in 1941. By the way, the word "robot" was coined by a writer, too, but much less famous. In 1920, the Czech Karel Capek called because of mechanical characters of his play "Rossum Universal Robots." The origin of the term, he connected with the Czech word "robota", that is, hard work, labor obligations.

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Genetic engineering

Biotechnology dealing with gene modification, received its name from the story in 1951, "Dragon Island" American Jack Williamson. As a real, rather than fantastic science, genetic engineering has been recognized only in the 1970s.

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Zero Gravity

The phrase "zero gravity", denoting a state of weightlessness, it was first used by the author of the comic book by Jack Binder in 1938. The artist has defined this term the absence of gravity in the center of the Earth.

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Deep Space

In science fiction, the term "deep space" (deep space) is the removal of a piece of land of the universe, or does not fill the space between the stars. For the first time in this value, the term used the American science fiction writer Edward Elmer Smith in 1934. He was later involved and scientists - to refer to the space outside the earth's atmosphere.

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The gas giant

Planets that have a significant share of gas in its composition (such as Jupiter and Neptune) first called gas giants science fiction writer James Blish's novel, published in 1952.

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Ion engine

The engine, which produces charged particles, first appeared in the sci-fi novel by Jack Williamson in 1947. To apply this technology in space ships (and, therefore, to use a special term for it) started only in the 1970s.

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pressure suit

The name for a suit that provides protection from the low pressure in the cabin depressurization, came up American fiction of the first half of the 20th century by Edward Elmer Smith. Pressure suit of his stories was trimmed with fur. In reality, fur trim protective equipment pilots and astronauts have never been used.

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The idea of ​​a computer virus appeared long before its actual occurrence. Screenwriter of the series "Star Trek" David Gerrold called "virus" spontaneously propagating computer program in 1972.

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The name "worm" for self-distributing a computer program used for the first time science fiction John Brunnen in 1975. The first experiment on the use of computer "worm" was held at the Xerox Research Center in just three years, and in the mass use of this term came as early as the 1980s.